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Gulzar

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  • Years Active: 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s

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Wikipedia:

Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1936), known popularly by his pen name Gulzar, is an Indian poet, lyricist and film director.

He was awarded Padma Bhushan, Sahitya Akademi Award, Dadasaheb Phalke Award. He won several National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award and one Grammy Award.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Early life[edit]

Gulzar was born in a Kalra Arora Sikh family, to Makhan Singh Kalra and Sujan Kaur, in Dina, Jhelum District, British India (now in Pakistan). Before becoming a writer, Sampooran worked in Mumbai as a car mechanic in a garage. His father rebuked him for being writer initially. He took the pen name Gulzar later.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Contents

Career1.1 Lyrics1.2 Direction1.3 Poetry1.4 Other contributions1.5 Academic

Career[edit]

Lyrics[edit]

He began his career under the film directors Bimal Roy and Hrishikesh Mukherjee. His book Ravi Paar has a narrative of Bimal Roy and the agony of creation. Gulzar started his career as a songwriter with the music director Sachin Dev Burman for the movie Bandini (1963). Shailendra who has penned rest of the songs of the movie requested Gulzar to write the song "Mora Gora Ang Layle".

As a lyricist, Gulzar had close association with the music directors Rahul Dev Burman. He has also worked with Sachin Dev Burman, Shankar Jaikishan, Hemant Kumar, Laxmikant-Pyarelal, Madan Mohan, Rajesh Roshan, Anu Malik, and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy.

Gulzar worked with Salil Chowdhury (Anand, Mere Apne), Madan Mohan (Mausam) and more recently with Vishal Bhardwaj (Maachis, Omkara, Kaminey), A. R. Rahman (Dil Se.., Guru, Slumdog Millionaire, Raavan) and Shankar–Ehsaan–Loy (Bunty aur Babli).

Direction[edit]

After writing dialogues and screenplay for films like Aashirwad, Anand, Khamoshi, Gulzar directed his first film Mere Apne(1971). The film was a remake of Tapan Sinha's Bengali film Apanjan(1969). He then directed Parichay and Koshish. Parichay was based on a Bengali novel, Rangeen Uttarain by Raj Kumar Maitra. He wrote story of Koshish based on the struggle faced by deaf-dumb couple. In 1973, he directed Achanak inspired by the 1958 murder case KM Nanavati v State of Maharashtra. Later he directed Aandhi, based on the Hindi novel "Kaali Aandhi" by Kamleshwar. His next film Khushboo was based on Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay's Pandit Mashay. His Mausam which won National Award for 2nd Best Feature Film, Filmfare Best Movie and Filmfare Best Director awards, along with other six Filmfare nominations, was loosely based on the story "Weather", from the novel, The Judas Tree, by A.J. Cronin. His 1982's film Angoor was based on Shakespeare's play The Comedy of Errors.

In 1988, he directed an eponymous television serial Mirza Ghalib starring Naseeruddin Shah, broadcast Doordarshan. Later he directed Tahreer Munshi Premchand Ki also.

None of the Gulzar's film were very commercially successful. His films told stories of human relationships entangled in social issues. Libaas was a story of extra-marital affair of an urban couple. Due to its objectionable subject the film never got released in India. Mausam pictured a story of a father who tries to improve the life of his prostitute-daughter. In Maachis, a young Punjabi boy pick up to terrorism to fight the situations only to realise its temporary nature. Hu Tu Tu dealt with corruption in India and how a man decides to fight it. Many of their popular songs were sung by Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle. These include "Musafir Hoon Yaron" (Parichay), "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi" (Aandhi), and "Mera Kuch Samaan" (Ijaazat).

Poetry[edit]

He primarily writes in Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) and Punjabi; besides several dialects of Hindi such as Braj Bhasha, Khariboli, Haryanvi and Marwari. His poetry is in Triveni type of stanza.

His poems are published in three compilations: Chand Pukhraaj Ka, Raat Pashminey Ki and Pandrah Paanch Pachattar. His short stories are published in Raavi-paar (also known as Dustkhat in Pakistan) and Dhuan (smoke).

For the peace campaign (Aman ki Asha) jointly started by India's and Pakistan's leading media houses, he wrote the anthem "Nazar Main Rehte Ho", which was recorded by Shankar Mahadevan and Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.

Gulzar has written ghazals for Jagjit Singh's albumbs "Marasim" and "Koi Baat Chale".

Other contributions[edit]

He wrote lyrics and dialogues for several Doordarshan TV series including Jungle Book, Alice in Wonderland, Hello Zindagi, Guchche and Potli Baba Ki with Vishal Bhardwaj. He has more recently written and narrated for the children's audiobook series Karadi Tales.

Academic[edit]

In April 2013, he was appointed as the chancellor of the Assam University.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Personal life[edit]

Gulzar is married to actress Raakhee. The couple have a daughter, Meghna Gulzar (Bosky); when their daughter was only one year old, they separated but never divorced. Meghna Gulzar grew up with her father and, after completing her graduation in films from New York University, went on to become a director of films like Filhaal, Just Married and Dus Kahaniyaan, and authored the biography of her father Gulzar, in 2004.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Filmography[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Dhuan. Sahitya Akademi Publications. 2001. ISBN 8126019360. My Favourite Stories : Boskys Panchatantra. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129121182. Half a Rupee Stories. Penguin. 2013. ISBN 9780143068792. Meelo Se Din. Rupa & Co. 2013. ISBN 8129120011. Selected Poems. Penguin. 2012. ISBN 0143418211. Kharashein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2003. ISBN 9788171198498. Pukhraj. Rupa & Co. 2005. ISBN 8171672264. Raavi Paar. Rupa & Co. 1999. ISBN 8171673899. Raat Pashmine Ki. Rupa & Co. 2002. ISBN 8129102242. Mirza Ghalib A Biographical Scenatio. Rupa & Co. 2011. ISBN 8129117177. Autumn Moon. Rupa & Co. 2006. ISBN 8129109778. Magical Wishes: The Adventures Of Goopy & Bagha. Scholastic. 2010. ISBN 8184778449. Kuchh Aur Nazmein. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2008. ISBN 8171198929. Meera. Radhakrishna Prakashan. 2004. ISBN 8171198813. 

Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Audiobooks[edit]

Rangeela Geedhad. Karadi Tales. 2000. ISBN 8186838422. Parwaaz. Karadi Tales. 2004. ISBN 8181900413. 

Biographies[edit]

Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2012). In the Company of a Poet: Gulzar in Conversation with Nasreen Munni Kabir. Rainlight Rupa. ISBN 978-81-291-2083-0. Chatterjee, Saibal (2007). Echoes and Eloquences: The Life and Cinema of Gulzar. Rupa & Co. ISBN 978-81-291-1235-4. Gulzar, Meghna (2004). Because He Is... Rupa & Co. ISBN 81-291-0364-8. 
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