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Hetty Koes Endang

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Hajjah Hetty Koes Endang (born 6 August 1957) is an Indonesian kroncong singer. Her 1977 duet with Ajie Bandi, "Damai Tapi Gersang" ("Peaceful Yet Arid"), was the first Indonesian song to win the World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo. The song was selected by Rolling Stone Indonesia in 2009 as one of the best Indonesian songs of all time.

Biography[edit]

Early life and success[edit]

Endang was born on 6 August 1957 to Raden Endang Umar, a soldier, and R.S. Koerniwulan, a housewife. She made her musical debut in 1974.

In 1976, Endang and Ajie Bandi performed "Damai Tapi Gersang" ("Peaceful Yet Arid") at the seventh Indonesian Popular Song Festival, in which they placed second. They later won the World Popular Song Festival, held that year at Budokan Hall in Tokyo, Japan, with the song; they were the first Indonesian act to win the festival. Also in 1977 she won the Indonesian Popular Song Festival with Titiek Puspa's "Cinta Putih" ("White Love").

In February 1981, Endang was charged with defamation for telling the press that her birth father was dead, when he was in fact alive; Endang stated that she intended the statement to mean that her father had abandoned all of his responsibilities after divorcing her mother in 1971. In April she was found not guilty of all charges, which could have brought her three months in jail and six of probation. Later that year Endang won Best Performance at the 1981 Indonesian Popular Song Festival together with her childhood friend Euis Darliah. The pair sang a rock-influenced version of Titik Hamzah's "Siksa" ("Torture"). They then went on to sing at the World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo, which they lost. The following year, she and her family opened Hedick's, a company which worked in import-export; she also opened a fried chicken restaurant in Karet, Central Jakarta.

With the orchestra led by Addie MS, in 1983 Endang won third place at the Chile Song Festival with Titik Hamzah's song "Sayang" ("Dear"); Endang herself was chosen as best singer. In 1984, Endang performed a duet, "Sayang" ("Dear"; written by Eros Djarot and Jockie Soerjoprajogo) with Chrisye on his album Nona; she also provided backing vocals for "Gadis Manja" ("Spoiled Girl"). At first Chrisye was unsure of the duet, as his and Endang's vocal styles were quite different. However, the album was successful. In 1986 she won a BASF Award for Berdiri Bulu Roma-ku (My Spine is Tingling), which sold over a million copies in Indonesia.

Later career[edit]

Endang married politician Yusuf Emir Faishal in July 1991, after two months of courtship. Afterwards she performed internationally, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Tokyo. The couple lived in Johor Baru for five years. In 1996 they went on the hajj to Mecca.

During the New Order, Endang campaigned several times for reigning president Suharto's Golkar party. However, after the fall of Suharto in 1998, she became involved with the National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa), with her husband, as she had long been part of the sponsor, the Islamic organisation Nahdlatul Ulama. She later recalled that her work with Golkar had been done under external pressure.

In 1999 Endang released Alunan Emas 25 Tahun Kegemilangan (Golden Songs from 25 Years of Joy), a compilation album in celebration of the 25th anniversary of her entry into music. Two years later she became managing director of a start-up news portal website, Indonesiakini.com.

As of December 2011, Endang is semi-retired and rarely performs.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Music[edit]

Endang sings kroncong, a kind of traditional Indonesian music typified with slow, melancholic melodies and heavy use of string instruments. She has a high, shrill voice. In an interview with The Malay Mail she said that her works are most successful in Japan and the Netherlands.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Legacy[edit]

Endang's duet with Ajie Bandi "Damai Tapi Gersang" was selected as the 53rd best Indonesian song of all time by Rolling Stone Indonesia. Singaporean singer Hetty Sarlene is named after her and reportedly began singing Endang's songs by age three.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Personal life[edit]

Endang is married to Yusuf Emir Faishal. The couple have three children.Cite error: There are <ref> tags on this page, but the references will not show without a {{reflist}} template (see the help page).

Bibliography[edit]

FootnotesReferences"150 Lagu Indonesia Terbaik Sepanjang Masa" [150 Best Indonesian Songs of All Time]. Rolling Stone Indonesia (in Indonesian) (Jakarta: a&e Media) (56): 65. December 2009. Ahmad, Azman (13 August 2002). "Evergreen Diva". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 5 May 2012.  (subscription required)"Akhirnya Ketemu Jodoh" [Finally Meets her Soulmate]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 6 July 1991. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Bebas dari Tuduhan" [Free of Charges]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 4 April 1981. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Darah Hetty Koes Endang" [Blood of Hetty Koes Endang]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 15 December 1998. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Duet dengan Hetty" [Duet with Hetty]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 26 September 1981. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. Endah, Alberthiene (2007). Chrisye: Sebuah Memoar Musikal [Chrisye: A Musical Memoir] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-979-22-2606-5. "Ex-Lawmaker Gets 4.5 Years for Graft". Jakarta Globe. 6 April 2009. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. Ghani, Marina Abdul (17 February 1999). "Passable effort by Hetty". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 5 May 2012.  (subscription required)Hadi, Eddino Abdul (9 December 2011). "The Trills of Indonesia's Keroncong Are Going to Singapore". Straits Times Indonesia. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Hetty Koes Endang". Tempo (in Indonesian). 15 May 2000. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. Mahidin, Jad (22 December 2000). "Hetty on her own". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 5 May 2012.  (subscription required)"Hetty Tetap di Atas" [Hetty Still at the Top]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 16 July 1977. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. Maulia, Erwida (15 July 2008). "Graft body names PKB lawmaker a suspect". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Mempunyai Ayah Baru" [Has a New Father]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 14 November 1981. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Merayakan Ulang Tahun" [Celebrating a Birthday]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 29 August 1981. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. Nona (Media notes). Chrisye. Musica Studios. 1984. "Orkestra Pop yang Ketiban Rugi" [Pop Orchestra Going Broke]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 13 March 1993. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Pengaduan Ayah Kandung" [A Birth Father's Complaint]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 28 February 1981. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. "Terjun ke Dunia Bisnis" [Going into Business]. Tempo (in Indonesian). 18 September 1982. Archived from the original on 5 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
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