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Canadian pop singer Justin Bieber was barely into his teens when he released his 2009 debut, My World, and became one of the youngest success stories in contemporary pop when it sold a whopping five million copies worldwide. For the next three years, successive releases -- including remix compilations, acoustic sets, a documentary tie-in, a Christmas album, and even some proper studio recordings -- shot forth at a dizzying rate. Bieber's developed a massive global following, named Beliebers. During the 2010s, his recording activity slowed, and he had more of a presence on celebrity gossip websites than on sales charts.
A native of Stratford, Ontario, Bieber placed second in a local 2007 singing competition and began posting his performances on YouTube. The videos caught the attention of Scooter Braun, a talent agent and former So So Def marketing executive, who helped Bieber land an impromptu audition with the R&B star Usher. Impressed by what he saw, Usher -- along with Island/Def Jam chairman L.A. Reid -- quickly signed the 15-year-old Bieber to a recording contract.
Bieber released his first single, "One Time," in May 2009. Supported by a popular video that featured an appearance by Usher, "One Time" went platinum in both Canada and America, a feat that was replicated later that year with the release of My World. The disc was technically an EP, featuring only seven songs, but it reached number six on the Billboard 200 album chart and sold over a million copies. Less than a year after his debut, Bieber returned with the "second half" of My World, a ten-song release titled My World 2.0. Further demonstrating his and his management's marketing power, over 8,000 fans who pre-ordered My World 2.0 had their head shots used in a photo mosaic (formed to look like a portrait of Bieber) that was displayed on the back side of the disc's booklet. The release topped the Billboard 200. A few weeks later, a combination of My World and My World 2.0, titled My Worlds, appeared in some territories.
By the end of 2010, Bieber issued My Worlds Acoustic, a set featuring acoustic versions of nine songs off the My World discs, as well as one new song. The following February, the 3-D documentary Never Say Never was released to theaters. The seven-track Never Say Never: The Remixes, released just days after the film, maintained the flow of Bieber product, and featured appearances from the likes of Kanye West, Usher, and Miley Cyrus. Just in time for Christmas 2011 came the holiday-themed Under the Mistletoe, complete with several celebrity guest duets and an original song, "Mistletoe," for the first single, which entered the Holiday Songs chart at number two.
In 2012, Bieber returned with the proper follow-up to My World 2.0, titled Believe. With a sound based in dance and R&B, it featured production from Darkchild, Diplo, and Max Martin. Believe became his fourth number one album, paced by Top Ten hits for "Boyfriend," "As Long as You Love Me" (featuring Big Sean), and "Beauty and a Beat" (featuring Nicki Minaj). Believe Acoustic, a sequel to My Worlds Acoustic, followed in 2013. Late that year, Bieber released the first in a weekly series of singles. Nearly all of them charted, led by Top 40 showings for "All Around the World" (featuring Ludacris) and "Heartbreaker." Those songs, as well as others, were compiled for release as Journals, an album that failed to chart. He also released a concert film for Christmas 2013, Justin Bieber's Believe.
Wikipedia:"Bieber" redirects here. For other uses, see Bieber (disambiguation).
Justin Drew Bieber (/ˈiːər/; born March 1, 1994) is a Canadian singer and songwriter. Bieber's current manager, Scooter Braun, first discovered him through his YouTube videos in 2007. Braun, as noted, was impressed with the videos resulting in contacting Bieber's mother, Patricia Mallette, about wanting to work with his musical abilities. Moreover, him having convinced his mother, Braun arranged for Bieber to meet with singer-songwriter, Usher, in Atlanta, Georgia. As a result, Bieber was signed to RBMG, a record label based in Atlanta, then to Island Records -- part of Def Jam Records -- with a recording contract offered by a prominent record executive, L.A. Reid.
He has released his debut EP, My World, in November 2009. It has been certified platinum in the United States. He became the first artist to have seven songs from a debut record to chart on the Billboard Hot 100. Bieber released his first full-length studio album, My World 2.0, in March 2010. It debuted at or near number one in several countries and was certified platinum in the United States. It was preceded by the single, "Baby", which is also, as of July 2014, the YouTube video with the most dislikes, and the most views on a Vevo platform. He followed up the release of his debut album with his first headlining tour, the My World Tour, the remix album titled, My Worlds Acoustic, and Never Say Never – The Remixes, and the 3D biopic-concert film Justin Bieber: Never Say Never. Bieber released his second studio album, Under the Mistletoe, in November 2011 when it debuted at number one on the Billboard 200. Bieber released his third studio album, Believe, in June 2012.
He has received numerous industry awards, including both Artist of the Year Awards at the 2010 American Music Awards, and the 2012 American Music Awards. He has been nominated for Best New Artist and Best Pop Vocal Album at the 53rd Grammy Awards. With his growing national and international fan base, they have been dubbed "beliebers" who largely consist of early to mid-adolescent women. He has millions of "followers" on Twitter and other social media accounts. He has been three times by Forbes magazine as one of the top ten most powerful celebrities in the world in 2011, 2012, and 2013."Justin Bieber Biography & Awards". Billboard. Retrieved June 15, 2010. Collar, Matt; Leahey, Andrew. "Justin Bieber: Overview". AllMusic. Rovi. Retrieved October 21, 2009. Mitchell, Gail (April 28, 2009). "Usher Introduces Teen Singer Justin Bieber". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 23, 2009. "Justin Bieber Biography". The Biography Channel. A+E Networks. Retrieved July 6, 2013. "Inogolo - English Pronunciation Guide to the Names of People, Places, and Stuff - Justin Bieber". Retrieved January 31, 2015. Konjicanin, Anja (December 24, 2010). "Justin Bieber makes them proud. But why?". Vancouver Observer. Retrieved January 11, 2011. Herrera, Monica (March 19, 2010). "Justin Bieber – The Billboard Cover Story". Billboard. e5 Global Media. Retrieved May 7, 2010. Cite error: The named reference herrera was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "Justin Bieber Fever Hits Miami". CBS News. CBS Corporation. February 5, 2010. Retrieved March 27, 2010. "Youtube Most Disliked Videos". YouTube. Retrieved July 29, 2014. "Justin Bieber Reaches 60 Million Twitter Followers, Fans React". Pop Crush. Retrieved March 29, 2015. "The World's Most Powerful Celebrities 2011". Forbes. Mitchell, John. "Jennifer Lopez Tops Forbes Celebrity 100". MTV News. Retrieved December 6, 2014. Dorothy Pomerantz (June 26, 2013). "Oprah Winfrey Regains No. 1 Slot On Forbes 2013 List Of The Most Powerful Celebrities". Forbes. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
Bieber was born on March 1, 1994, in London, Ontario, at St Joseph's Hospital, and was raised in Stratford, Ontario. He is the only child of Jeremy Jack Bieber and Patricia "Pattie" Mallette. Bieber's parents were never married. Pattie raised her son with the help of her mother, Diane, and stepfather, Bruce. His mother is of French-Canadian descent; his paternal great-grandfather was of German ancestry, and his other roots are English and Irish. He has also stated that he believes that he has some undetermined Aboriginal Canadian ancestry.
Through Jeremy, Bieber has two younger half-siblings, Jasmyn (born 2009) and Jaxon (born 2010). Pattie worked a series of low-paying office jobs, raising Bieber as a single mother in low-income housing. Bieber has maintained contact with his father.
Bieber attended a French-language immersion elementary school in Stratford, the Jeanne Sauvé Catholic School. Growing up, he learned to play the piano, drums, guitar, and trumpet. In early 2007, aged 12, Bieber sang Ne-Yo's "So Sick" for a local singing competition in Stratford and was placed second. Mallette posted a video of the performance on YouTube for their family and friends to see. She continued to upload videos of Bieber singing covers of various R&B songs, and Bieber's popularity on the site grew.Vlessing, Etan (February 28, 2012). "Justin Bieber's Mom Joins Fight to Keep Canadian Pregnant Teen Shelter Open". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 28, 2012. Parvis, Sarah E (2010). McMeel, Andrews, ed. Kansas City, MO. London: Simon & Schuster. pp. 13–17. ISBN 978-1-4494-0181-8. Retrieved August 4, 2010. Marikar, Sheila (November 19, 2012). "Justin Bieber's Mom, Pattie Mallette: 7 Things to Know". ABC News. Retrieved May 9, 2014. Infantry, Ashante (May 14, 2010). "Justin Bieber guide added to hometown of Stratford's tourism website". Toronto Star (Toronto). Retrieved December 16, 2011. Bieber 2010, pp. 22, 23. "Justin Bieber tops celebrity birthdays for March 1 - Celebrities - Entertainment". Toronto Sun. Retrieved October 26, 2014. Jon Ronson. "Justin Bieber: One day with the most Googled name on the planet - Music - The Guardian". the Guardian. Retrieved October 26, 2014. "Justin Bieber gets offer of help tracing native ancestry after free gas comment". Toronto Star. August 3, 2012. Thomasos, Christine (March 2, 2014). "Justin Bieber Birthday: Selena Gomez Not Part of Celebration That Included Father, Little Brother and Sister". The Christian Post. Retrieved May 9, 2014. Hoffman, Jan (December 31, 2009). "Justin Bieber is Living the Tween Idol Dream". The New York Times. Colurso, Mary (December 17, 2010). "Temperature's rising as Justin brings Bieber fever to Birmingham". Alabama. Retrieved January 11, 2011. Mitchell, Gail (April 28, 2009). "Usher Introduces Teen Singer Justin Bieber". Billboard. Retrieved July 23, 2009. Herrera, Monica (July 13, 2009). "'Time' is right for teen singer Justin Bieber". Thomson Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
ContentsCareer1.1 2008–10: Career beginnings and My World1.2 2010–11: My World 2.0 and Never Say Never1.3 2012–present: Believe and Journals
2008–10: Career beginnings and My World
While searching for videos of a different singer, Scooter Braun, a former marketing executive of So So Def, clicked on one of Bieber's 2007 videos by accident. Impressed, Braun tracked down the theatre Bieber was performing in, located Bieber's school, and finally contacted Mallette, who was reluctant because of Braun's Judaism. She remembered praying, "God, I gave him to you. You could send me a Christian man, a Christian label!" and "God, you don't want this Jewish kid to be Justin's man, do you?" However, church elders convinced her to let Bieber go with Braun. At 13, Bieber went to Atlanta, Georgia, with Braun to record demo tapes. Bieber began singing for Usher one week later.
Bieber was soon signed to Raymond Braun Media Group (RBMG), a joint venture between Braun and Usher. Justin Timberlake was also reportedly in the running to sign Bieber, but lost the bidding war to Usher. Usher then sought assistance in finding a label home for the artist from then manager Chris Hicks, who helped engineer an audition with his contact L.A. Reid of The Island Def Jam Music Group. Reid signed Bieber to Island Records in October 2008 (resulting in a joint venture between RBMG and Island Records) and appointed Hicks as executive Vice-President of Def Jam where he would be able to manage Bieber's career at the label. Bieber then moved to Atlanta with his mother to pursue further work with Braun and Usher. Braun became Bieber's manager in 2008.
Bieber's first single, "One Time", was released to radio while Bieber was still recording his debut album. The song reached number 12 on the Canadian Hot 100 during its first week of release in July 2009, and later peaked at number 17 on the Billboard Hot 100. During fall 2009, it had success in international markets. The song was certified Platinum in Canada and the US and Gold in Australia and New Zealand. His first release, an extended play entitled My World, was released on November 17, 2009. The album's second single, "One Less Lonely Girl", and two promo singles, "Love Me", and "Favorite Girl", were released exclusively on the iTunes Store and charted within the top forty of the Billboard Hot 100.
"One Less Lonely Girl" was later also released to radio and peaked within the top fifteen in Canada and the US, being certified Gold in the latter. My World was eventually certified Platinum in the US and Double Platinum in both Canada and the United Kingdom. To promote the album, Bieber performed on several live shows such as mtvU's VMA 09 Tour, European program The Dome, YTV's The Next Star, The Today Show, The Wendy Williams Show, Lopez Tonight, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, It's On with Alexa Chung, Good Morning America, Chelsea Lately, and BET's 106 & Park with Rihanna. Bieber also guest starred in an episode of True Jackson, VP in late 2009.
Bieber performed Stevie Wonder's "Someday at Christmas" for US President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama at the White House for Christmas in Washington, which was broadcast on December 20, 2009, on US television broadcaster TNT. Bieber was also one of the performers at Dick Clark's New Year's Rockin' Eve with Ryan Seacrest on December 31, 2009. Bieber was a presenter at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards on January 31, 2010. He was invited to be a vocalist for the remake of "We Are the World" (a song written by Michael Jackson and Lionel Richie) for its 25th anniversary to benefit Haiti after the earthquake. Bieber sings the opening line, which was sung by Lionel Richie in the original version.
On March 12, 2010, a version of K'naan's "Wavin' Flag" recorded by a collective of Canadian musicians known as Young Artists for Haiti was released. Bieber is featured in the song, performing the closing lines.
2010–11: My World 2.0 and Never Say Never
In January 2010, "Baby", was released from his debut album, My World 2.0. The song featured Ludacris, and became an international hit. It charted at number five on the US Billboard Hot 100, peaked at number three on the Canadian Hot 100 and reached the top ten in several international markets. Two promo singles "Never Let You Go", and "U Smile" were top thirty hits on the US Hot 100, and top twenty hits in Canada. According to review aggregator Metacritic, the album has received "generally favorable reviews". It debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200, making Bieber the youngest solo male act to top the chart since Stevie Wonder in 1963. My World 2.0 also debuted at number one on the Canadian Albums Chart, Irish Albums Chart, Australian Albums Chart, and the New Zealand Albums Chart and reached the top ten of fifteen other countries.
To promote the album, Bieber appeared on several live programs including The View, the 2010 Kids Choice Awards, Nightline, Late Show with David Letterman, The Dome and 106 & Park. Sean Kingston appeared on the album's next single, "Eenie Meenie". The song reached the top ten in the United Kingdom and Australia, and the top-twenty of most other markets. On April 10, 2010, Bieber was the musical guest on Saturday Night Live. On July 4, 2010, Bieber performed at the Macy's Fourth of July Fireworks Spectacular in New York City. The following single from My World 2.0, "Somebody to Love", was released in April 2010, and a remix was released featuring Bieber's mentor Usher. On June 23, 2010, Bieber went on his first official headlining tour, the My World Tour, starting in Hartford, Connecticut, to promote My World and My World 2.0. In July 2010, it was reported that Bieber was the most searched for celebrity on the Internet. That same month his music video for "Baby", surpassed Lady Gaga's "Bad Romance" to become the most viewed, and most disliked YouTube video ever. In September 2010, it was reported that Bieber accounted for three percent of all traffic on Twitter, according to an employee of the social-networking site.
In Bieber's second album, because of puberty, his voice was deeper than it was in his first album. In April 2010, the singer discussing his vocals remarked, "It cracks. Like every teenage boy, I'm dealing with it and I have the best vocal coach in the world. [...] Some of the notes I hit on "Baby" I can't hit any more. We have to lower the key when I sing live." Bieber guest-starred in the season premiere of the CBS crime drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, which aired on September 23, 2010. He played a "troubled teen who is faced with a difficult decision regarding his only brother", who is also a serial bomber. Bieber was also in a subsequent episode which aired on February 17, 2011, in which his character is killed. Bieber performed a medley of "U Smile", "Baby", and "Somebody to Love" and briefly played the drums at the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards on September 12, 2010. Bieber announced in October 2010 that he would be releasing an acoustic album, called My Worlds Acoustic. It was released on November 26, 2010 in the United States and featured acoustic versions of songs from his previous albums, and accompanied the release of a new song titled "Pray".
A 3-D part-biopic, part-concert film starring Bieber entitled Justin Bieber: Never Say Never, was released on February 11, 2011, directed by Step Up 3D director Jon Chu. It topped the box office with an estimated gross of $12.4 million on its opening day from 3,105 theatres. It grossed $30.3 million for the weekend and was narrowly beaten by the romantic comedy Just Go with It, which grossed $31 million. Never Say Never reportedly exceeded industry expectations, nearly matching the $31.1 million grossed by Miley Cyrus's 2008 3-D concert film, Hannah Montana & Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert, which holds the record for the top debut for a music-documentary. Never Say Never grossed a total of $98,441,954 worldwide. The film is accompanied by his second remix album, Never Say Never – The Remixes, released February 14, 2011, and features remixes of songs from his debut album, with guest appearances from Miley Cyrus, Chris Brown, and Kanye West, among others.
In June 2011, Bieber was ranked #2 on the Forbes list of Best-Paid Celebrities under 30. He is the youngest star, and 1 of 7 musicians on the list, having raked in $53 million in a 12-month period. On November 1, 2011, Bieber released the Christmas-themed Under the Mistletoe, his second studio album. It debuted at #1 on the Billboard 200, selling 210,000 copies in its first week of release.
2012–present: Believe and Journals
In late 2011, Bieber began recording his third studio album, entitled Believe. The following week, Bieber appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show to announce that the first single would be called "Boyfriend" and would be released on March 26, 2012. The song debuted at number two on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, selling a total of 521,000 digital units, the second-highest-ever debut digital sales week. Bill Werde of Billboard noted that it failed to debut at number one because the digital download of the track was available only through iTunes Store, "restricting the buying option for those that do not frequent the Apple retail store." "Boyfriend" became Bieber's first single ever to reach the top position on the Canadian Hot 100 by debuting at number one and staying on for one week.
His third studio album, Believe was released on June 19, 2012, by Island Records. The album marks a musical departure from the teen pop sound of his previous releases, and incorporates elements of dance-pop and R&B genres. Intent on developing a more "mature" sound, Bieber collaborated with a wide range of urban producers for the release as well as some long-time collaborators, including Darkchild, Hit-Boy, Diplo, and Max Martin. Entertainment Weekly praised Bieber's musical shift, calling the album both a "reinvention and a reintroduction." Rolling Stone noted the deeper voice and more "intense" beats found on the album, although it lampooned one of his euphemisms for newfound sexual maturity ("If you spread your wings, you can fly away with me"). Believe debuted at number one on the Billboard 200, becoming his fourth number-one album. The album sold 57,000 copies in its first week in Canada, debuting atop the Canadian Albums Chart.
The Believe Tour, which further promoted the album, began in September 2012 in Glendale, Arizona. On December 14, 2012, Bieber appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show, where he announced plans to release an acoustic album titled Believe Acoustic, which was released on January 29, 2013.
Bieber returned to Saturday Night Live as the host and musical guest of the February 9, 2013 episode. His appearance was panned by critics and cast members, including Kate McKinnon, who stated that Bieber was not comfortable with his hosting duties, and Bill Hader, who stated that he did not enjoy the presence of Bieber or his entourage. Hader added that in his eight years on the program, Bieber was the only host who lived up to his reputation.
On March 7, 2013, Bieber fainted backstage at London's O2 Arena after complaining of breathing problems throughout his performance and was taken to hospital. Bieber cancelled his second Lisbon, Portugal concert at the Pavilhão Atlântico, which was to be held on March 12, due to low ticket sales. The concert on March 11 went on. In mid-August 2013, a remixed duet version of Michael Jackson's previously unreleased song "Slave To The Rhythm", featuring Justin Bieber leaked online. Later, a song titled "Twerk" by rapper Lil Twist, featuring Bieber as well as Miley Cyrus, also leaked.
On October 3, 2013, Bieber announced that he would release a new song every Monday for 10 weeks as a lead-up to the film Justin Bieber's Believe, which entered production in May 2012 and was released on December 25, 2013. The film is a follow-up to Justin Bieber: Never Say Never, and Jon M. Chu returned to direct. The first song of Music Mondays, "Heartbreaker", was released on October 7. The second song, "All That Matters", was released on October 14, followed by "Hold Tight" on October 21, "Recovery" on October 28, "Bad Day" on November 4, and "All Bad" on November 11. The seventh song, "PYD" featuring R. Kelly, was released on November 18; it was followed by "Roller Coaster" on November 25, and "Change Me" on December 2. The final song, "Confident" featuring Chance The Rapper, was released on December 9, 2013. That same day, it was announced that all 10 tracks will be featured on an upcoming collection called Journals. It reportedly featured five additional unreleased songs, a music video for "All That Matters", and a trailer for Believe. Journals was only available for purchase via iTunes for a limited time only: from December 23, 2013 to January 9, 2014. The titles of the five new additional songs are: "One Life", "Backpack" featuring Lil Wayne, "What's Hatinin" featuring Future, "Swap It Out", and "Memphis" featuring Big Sean and Diplo.
In February 2015, Bieber released a remix song "Where Are Ü Now, with Jack Ü. In March 2015, Bieber made an appearance in the music video for Carly Rae Jepsen's single "I Really Like You".Cite error: The named reference nyimage was invoked but never defined (see the help page). TJ (August 11, 2009). "Neon Limelight Interviews: Usher Protegé Justin Bieber: Accidental Star". Neon Limelight. Retrieved August 11, 2009. Cite error: The named reference coverstory was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Vena, Jocleyn; Kos, Saimon (September 12, 2009). "Usher and Justin Timberlake Battled It Out For Justin Bieber". MTV. Retrieved January 11, 2011. "Interview with Chris Hicks". HitQuarters. August 23, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011. Cite error: The named reference mitchell was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference herrera was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Mitchell, Gail (April 28, 2009). 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"Justin Bieber Starts Countdown To 'Heartbreaker' – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved November 4, 2013. "Justin Bieber Teases New Song 'All That Matters' | Justin Bieber | News | MTV UK". MTV. October 11, 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013. "Justin Bieber Delays 'Journals'". Rap-Up. December 13, 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2014. Warwick, Charlotte. "Justin Bieber releases AMAZING remix of old song 'Where Are You Now' featuring Skrillex and Diplo". sugarscape.com. Sugarscape. Retrieved 10 June 2015. Lee, Ashley. "Watch Tom Hanks, Justin Bieber Dance in Carly Rae Jepsen's 'I Really Like You' Video". Hollywood Reporter. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
ContentsPublic image1.1 General1.2 Voice and influences1.3 YouTube and Twitter
Usher commented that while he and Bieber were both signed at the same age, "I had the chance to ramp up my success, where this has happened to Bieber abruptly." As a result, Usher, Braun, Bieber's bodyguard and other adults surrounding Bieber constantly coach him on handling fame and his public image. After signing Bieber, Usher appointed one of his former assistants, Ryan Good, to be Bieber's road manager and stylist. Good, once nicknamed Bieber's "swagger coach", created a "streetwise look" for the singer which consisted of baseball caps, hoodies, dog chains and flashy sneakers. Amy Kaufman of The Los Angeles Times comments, "Though a product of a middle-class suburban upbringing in Stratford, Ontario, Bieber's manner of dress and speech ("Wassup man, how you doin'?" or "It's like, you know, whateva' ") suggest he's mimicking his favourite rappers."
Bieber is often featured in teen magazines such as Tiger Beat, and has been labelled as a "teen heartthrob". Wax statues of Bieber with his changed hairstyle from that of his earlier career are on display at the Madame Tussauds wax museums in New York, Amsterdam, and London; the 2010 hairstyle change led to it being called "the most expensive musical haircut of all time".
"He's the only person in humanity who's grown up the way he has -- with smartphones and cameras on him 24/7 ... Another kid can go out and have a good night on the town, and no one gives a crap, but Justin is the most Googled person on the planet -- for four years straight!"Scooter Braun, manager of Bieber, in 2013
In 2010, Bieber was frequently criticized for looking and sounding younger than his age, and the following year for his androgynous appearance, which has been commonly noted in the media, including when he appeared on the cover of LOVE magazine's androgyny issue in 2011. His teen-pop music, image (especially as a heart-throb to young teenage girls), and the media attention he receives have additionally been criticized, and he has been a target of Internet bloggers and message board posters, notably by users of Internet message board 4chan and users of YouTube. Nick Collins of The Daily Telegraph said that "Bieber's character appears to strike a particularly sour note with his Internet critics" who have questioned his manner of speech, among other things.
In 2013, Bieber said that he was "very influenced by black culture", but he neither thought "of it as black or white" nor tried to "act or pose in a certain way". To him, it was "a lifestyle—like a suaveness or a swag".
His fanbase is called "Beliebers", which the Chicago Tribune included as one of the top buzzwords of 2010. Bieber's early fanbase developed on YouTube, and predated the release of Bieber's first album.
Voice and influences
As Bieber transitioned from puberty to adulthood, his voice gradually matured to a high tenor. Bieber was influenced by Michael Jackson, Usher, Ne-Yo, Boys II Men, Stevie Wonder, Justin Timberlake, New Kids on the Block, Tupac, and The Beatles.
YouTube and Twitter
According to Jan Hoffman of The New York Times, part of Bieber's appeal stems from his YouTube channel. Long before the November 2009 release of the EP, My World, his YouTube videos attracted millions of views. Braun recognized the appeal. Before flying him to Atlanta, Braun wanted to "build him up more on YouTube first" and had Bieber record more home videos for the channel. "I said: 'Justin, sing like there’s no one in the room. But let's not use expensive cameras.' We'll give it to kids, let them do the work, so that they feel like it's theirs", recalled Braun. Bieber continues to upload videos to the same channel and has opened a Twitter account, from which he interacts with fans regularly; his account was reported in November 2010 to have more than six million followers. Bieber surpassed Lady Gaga for having the most followed person on Twitter in January 2013. In early November 2013, Katy Perry surpassed him for having the most followers.
Bieber was frequently a trending topic on Twitter when the feature first launched because his fans frequently discussed him on the network, and he was named the top trending star on Twitter in 2010; Klout gave his account a score of 100. In April 2013, the social media analysis company Socialbakers concluded that 16.7 million of Bieber's 37 million Twitter followers are not genuine.Cite error: The named reference nyimage was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Kaufman, Amy (April 13, 2010). "Adults work hard to manage Justin Bieber's image". Azcentral. Retrieved October 31, 2010. Rizzo, Monica (January 3, 2013). "Justin Bieber: Teenage heartthrob calls for tough rules after paparazzo's death". The Washington Times. Retrieved May 9, 2014. Vena, Jocelyn (March 15, 2011). "Justin Bieber Wax Figures Unveiled". MTV. Retrieved April 8, 2011. "Most expensive musical haircut of all time". Arts journal. October 11, 2011. Retrieved December 16, 2011. "Justin Bieber Reveals Will Smith Counsels Him Weekly in Rare, Raw Interview". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 31 January 2015. Collins, Nick (July 6, 2010). "Why is Justin Bieber so loved and hated?". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved July 27, 2010. "Justin Bieber Graces Cover Of Love's 'Androgyny Issue'". MTV. "4Chan Starts #Jail4Bieber Hoax, Accuses Justin Bieber Of Sexually Assaulting Minor". IB Times. March 15, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013. Stevens, Heidi (December 29, 2010). "Top buzzwords of 2010 – Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 29, 2012. "Matson on Music | The essential unseriousness of Bieber Fever | Seattle Times Newspaper". Seattle Times. July 7, 2010. Retrieved June 1, 2012. Joy, Kevin (August 15, 2010). "Concert Review – Justin Bieber: Tweenagers squeal with delight for idol". The Columbus Dispatch (Columbus, Ohio). Retrieved March 10, 2014. "Justin Bieber on his musical inspirations, his fans, and trying to be a regular kid". Vanity Fair. January 4, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2014. "Justin Bieber Music Influences". MTV. Retrieved March 26, 2014. Cite error: The named reference herrera was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Vena, Jocelyn (November 9, 2010). "Justin Bieber Hits 6 Million Twitter Followers – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. Retrieved December 31, 2010. Hollister, Sean (November 3, 2013). "Katy Perry passes Justin Bieber as most popular person on Twitter". The Verge. Retrieved November 4, 2013. "Justin Bieber Accounts for 3 Percent of All Twitter Traffic". TV Guide. September 8, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2012. "Justin Bieber Vintage Video: 'I Love Twitter' | News". VH1. Retrieved April 26, 2012. "Bieber Tops Twitter Trend List". World Entertainment News Network (COMTEX News Network, Inc). December 16, 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2012. Poeter, Damon (January 1, 1970). "Tweet or Die: Employers Hiring Based on Applicants' Klout Scores? | News & Opinion". PCMag. Retrieved April 26, 2012. Marco Massarotto (October 18, 2010). Social Network (in Italian). Apogeo Editore. pp. 201–202. ISBN 978-88-503-1233-7. Retrieved April 26, 2012. Poeter, Damon. "Report: Justin Bieber's Twitter Followers Mostly Fake". PC Magazine. Retrieved April 18, 2013. "Half of Justin Bieber's Twitter fans are fake". Herald Sun. Retrieved April 18, 2013.
ContentsPersonal life1.1 Beliefs and relationships1.2 Endorsements, products, and philanthropy1.3 Legal issues
Beliefs and relationships
Bieber identifies himself as a faithful adherent of Christianity, said he communicates with God via prayer, and that "he's the reason I'm here". He reflects his faith in a music video with Brandon Burke titled, "#iPledge," in which he "talks candidly about his appreciation for the tenet of forgiveness in the Christian faith." Regarding sexual abstinence, he told music magazine Rolling Stone, "I don't think you should have sex with anyone unless you love them." He added that he does not "believe in abortion," and that it is "like killing a baby". His view on sexual orientation is quoted as "everyone's own decision," and he has contributed to the It Gets Better Project, a non-profit group aiming to prevent suicide among LGBT youth.
As Bieber resides in the United States, he is reported to possess an O-1 visa for temporary resident status, based on "extraordinary ability or achievement" in a field. Bieber has stated that he is not interested in obtaining US citizenship due to his view on America's market-oriented health care system. He has praised Canada as being "the best country in the world" citing its government-run health care system as a model example. According to Scooter Braun, he has also stated that he regularly cites the Jewish prayer Shema Yisrael before every live show showcasing his view on multiculturalism. In December 2010, he was in a relationship with Selena Gomez. In January 2013, it was reported that he was single.
Bieber's father, Jeremy Bieber, is a former carpenter and pro-am mixed martial artist. In March 2014, Rolling Stone characterized Jeremy as having "split with Justin's mom when Justin was a toddler, and wasn't always around afterward. But he has, as of late, accepted a place of honor in his superstar son's entourage".
Endorsements, products, and philanthropy
Aside from his career as a musician, Bieber has also ventured into the business world by becoming an angel investor for technology companies. He has made his first startup investment in 2009. Since then, he has been quietly investing millions of dollars in a dozen small technology start ups that include Stamped, Spotify, Shots, and game-for-good company SoJo Studios. He has said that he is not going to invest in something he does not like as he has to believe in the product. Bieber endorsed Adidas beside Derrick Rose and Venus Williams in 2012.He is the new "face" and "body" of Calvin Klein in early 2015. In June 2015, Bieber teamed up with StarShop, a new shopping app launched by Kevin Harrington alongside with Katy Perry, Beyonce etc.
Bieber has bandwagon four fragrances as of 2014. He launched his debut called, "Someday," in 2011. It has grossed more than three million in sales, in USD, at the American store, Macy's, in just under three weeks which industry experts respect as a successful celebrity-led launch. He later launched his second fragrance, "Girlfriend," in June 2012 following on the heels of 2011's best-selling "Someday" fragrance. His third fragrance, "The Key," was launched in July 2013. His latest fragrance, "Justin Bieber Collector's Edition," launched in 2014.
Bieber supports Pencils of Promise, a charity founded by Adam Braun, the younger brother of Bieber's manager. The organization builds schools in developing countries, and Bieber became manager for the organization's campaign in Guatemala. He currently serves as a celebrity spokesman for the organization by running ads for the charity and its campaign "Schools4All." He promises to visit schools that donate the most funds to the organization. He takes part in the charity's fund-raising galas and donates parts of the proceeds from his concerts and line of fragrances "Someday," and various merchandising to the charity. He appears in an animal welfare PSA for PETA encouraging people to volunteer at and adopt from animal shelters instead of buying pets from breeders or pet stores.
Bieber has had several run-ins with the law around the world before his first arrest in 2014, including when he was accused of reckless driving in his neighborhood in 2012, and charged in Brazil with vandalism in 2013. One of his neighbours in Calabasas, California accused Bieber of throwing eggs at his home on January 9, 2014 and causing thousands of dollars of damage. On January 23, 2014, Bieber was arrested in Miami Beach, Florida together with singer Khalil on suspicion of driving under the influence (DUI), driving with an over six month expired license, and resisting arrest without violence. Police said that Bieber told authorities he had consumed alcohol, smoked marijuana, and taken prescription drugs. He has been released from these charges on a $2,500 bond, and lack of evidence beyond reasonable doubt as dictated in the United States court of law. A toxicology report revealed that Bieber had THC (a principal constituent of cannabis) and the anti-anxiety medication Xanax in his system at the time of his arrest.
Following Bieber's arrest on the DUI charge, more than 270,000 persons petitioned the White House seeking to have him unreasonably deported from the United States. Although the number of signatures received was sufficient to require a response under published White House guidelines; it has been noted that the Obama Administration has declined substantive comment on the petition. Immigration Law expert Harlan York noted that the likeliness of Bieber being deported was extremely slim. York stated, "About a decade ago, the Supreme Court ruled that driving under the influence, typically, is not a basis to deport someone."
On July 9, 2014, Bieber was charged with one misdemeanor count of vandalism in California for throwing eggs at his Calabasas neighbour's home in January. Police earlier claimed that they had video footage of him high-fiving friends after the eggs were thrown. With him pleading no contest to the charge, the Los Angeles County Superior Court sentenced him on July 9 to pay US$80,900 in restitution, serve two years' probation, complete twelve weeks of anger management, and five days of community service in what the district attorney termed a negotiated settlement. Since then, he has permanently moved to Beverly Hills, California after the incident.
On August 13, 2014, the January DUI case was settled with a plea bargain pleading guilty to resisting an officer without violence, and a lesser charge of driving without due care and attention. He has been fined with US$500 and sentenced to attend both a 12-hour anger management course, and a program that teaches about the impact of drunken driving on victims. As part of the plea bargain, he has made a US$50,000 contribution to Our Kids, a local children's charity.
"I didn't want to come off arrogant or conceited, or basically how I've been acting the past year, year and a half ... although what's happened in the past has happened, I just want to ... be kind and loving and gentle and soft."Bieber reflects in a video posted in January 2015
On September 1, 2014, Bieber was arrested and charged with assault and dangerous driving near his hometown of Stratford, Ontario after a collision between a minivan and Bieber's all-terrain vehicle on August 29. Ontario police claimed that he then "engaged in a physical altercation" with an occupant of the minivan. He was released shortly and his lawyer blamed the incident on "the unwelcome presence of paparazzi". On September 8, Toronto dropped an assault charge against him originally brought up on January 29 for an incident with a limousine driver in December 2013. In November 2014, he was ordered to appear in Argentina within 60 days by a Buenos Aires court to give testimony on an alleged assault on a photographer on November 9, 2013. When he failed to do so, an arrest warrant was issued and two of his bodyguards was released in Argentina in April 2015.Ronson, Jon (November 13, 2010). "Justin Bieber: One day with the most Googled name on the planet". The Guardian (UK). 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