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All Music Guide:
Leonard Slatkin is one of the world's leading conductors, noted for his performances of American, Russian, and British music, and Haydn symphonies.
He was born to a famous musical family. His father was Felix Slatkin (1915-1963), a Saint Louis-born violinist who rose to become a film score and light music conductor, and founder of the Hollywood String Quartet. Leonard's mother was the excellent cello soloist Eleanor Aller, cellist of the quartet. Between them, they trained their boy in violin, viola, piano, and conducting.
He attended Indiana University (1962) and Los Angeles City College (1963), and studied with Walter Susskind (music director of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra) at the Aspen Music School in 1964. He then attended Juilliard School in New York where he studied conducting with Jean Morel, graduating in 1968 with a B. Mus. Degree. In that same year he became assistant conductor of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra under Susskind, and was promoted to Associate Conductor in 1971, Associate Principal Conductor in 1974, and Principal Guest Conductor in 1974. During this period he showed his career-long commitment to musical training for young people by founding the Saint Louis Youth Symphony in 1969 and conducting it.
In 1974 he made his European debut as a guest conductor with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London and made his debut with the National Symphony Orchestra of Washington, D.C. in 1978. He was Artistic Adviser of the New Orleans Philharmonic (1977-1980). In 1979 he founded the Minnesota Orchestra's Sommerfest series and served as its director for ten years.
In 1979 he was appointed Music Director of the Saint Louis Symphony, beginning a highly successful seventeen-year tenure including five triumphal international tours and many recordings with Vox, EMI, and RCA records. With the Saint Louis orchestra he conducted a notable series of discs of music by American symphonic masters including Bernstein, Copland, Schuman, and Piston. He also has recorded the complete Vaughan Williams and Elgar symphonies, a series of Haydn symphonies, and works of Britten, Shostakovich and Prokofiev, among many others. He has also recorded with the National Symphony Orchestra, the Philharmonia (London), the London Philharmonic, the London Symphony Orchestra, and the Bavarian Radio Orchestra, totaling well over a hundred releases. He has been nominated for Grammy awards more than fifty times and won four times.
In 1990 he became music director of the Great Woods Performing Arts Center in Mansfield, Massachusetts, the summer home of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra. Beginning in 1992 he has been Festival Director of the Cleveland Orchestra's Blossom Festival; the position was created so he could exercise his flair for creative and wide-ranging programming. In 1994 he was the artistic director of the 1994 Festival of American Music at London's South Bank Centre.
In 1996 he took up the position of Music Director of the National Symphony Orchestra, and led them in successful tours and recordings. Slatkin was named music director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra in 2008 and the Orchestre National de Lyon in 2011. He continues his commitment to youth orchestras, and also conducts opera in many of the world's major houses and festivals.
Leonard Edward Slatkin (born September 1, 1944) is an American conductor and composer.
Early life and education 
Slatkin was born in Los Angeles to a musical family that came from areas of the Russian Empire now in Ukraine. His father Felix Slatkin was the violinist, conductor and founder of the Hollywood String Quartet, and his mother Eleanor Aller was cellist with the quartet. His brother Frederick, now a cellist, traced the family's original name as Zlotkin, and adopted that form of the family surname for himself professionally. Frederick Zlotkin has spoken of the family lineage as follows:
"The Zlotkin/Slatkin lineage is Russian-Jewish. The first Zlotkin arrival to the US was Felix's father, grandpa Chaim Peretz Zlotkin, who came to settle with relatives in St. Louis in 1904; he (or the clerk at Ellis Island) changed the name. He probably came from the town of Mogilev [now Mohyliv-Podilskyi], from a shtetl (the Russians forced most Jews to live in villages outside of the major cities)...The Altschuler [Aller] side of the family is really rife with musicians. Grisha's uncle, Modest Altschuler, was a cellist (making me 4th generation) and he had quite a career. Among other things, he did the St. Petersburg premiere of Tchaikovsky's Souvenir de Florence Sextet. When he came to America he formed the Russian Symphony Orchestra (early 1900s)."
Slatkin studied at Indiana University and Los Angeles City College before attending the Juilliard School where he studied conducting under Jean Morel.
His conducting debut came in 1966 when he became artistic director and conductor of the award-winning New York Youth Symphony, and in 1968, Walter Susskind named him the assistant conductor of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. He stayed there until 1977, when he was made music advisor of the New Orleans Symphony.
He led a series of Beethoven festivals with the San Francisco Symphony during the late 1970s and early 1980s. These annual concerts, held during June, included the orchestra's final concert in San Francisco's War Memorial Opera House in 1980, which featured a performance of Beethoven's ninth symphony. He has continued to guest conduct in San Francisco since this time.
Slatkin returned to Saint Louis in 1979 as music director of the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra. The national profile of the orchestra increased notably under his tenure. In 1985, he recorded the first digital stereo version of Tchaikovsky's The Nutcracker with the SLSO. (This was also the first complete Nutcracker issued on compact disc.) Upon the conclusion of his tenure in 1996, he became the SLSO's conductor laureate. His recorded work with that orchestra was represented on RCA Records, EMI and Telarc. Slatkin became a devoted fan of the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team during his tenure in St Louis, and has retained his interest in the Cardinals since his departure from St Louis. He made recordings for RCA Records with the National Symphony until RCA abandoned new classical recording early in the 21st century.
Slatkin was the director of the Blossom Festival of the Cleveland Orchestra from 1990-1999. Slatkin was music director of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington, D.C. from 1996 to 2008. Slatkin received both praise for improving the overall quality of the orchestra and criticism for under-rehearsal of the NSO.
In 2000, Slatkin became the chief conductor of the BBC Symphony Orchestra. In 2001, he was only the second non-British person to conduct the Last Night of the Proms (Sir Charles Mackerras had been the first in 1980). This performance occurred in the wake of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, and included changes to the traditional second half of the concert. He held this post until September 11, 2004, the 110th Last Night. There were reports of tension between Slatkin and the orchestra, whose secure finances were said to have "fostered a culture of superiority and recalcitrance", as well as negative concert reviews, which contributed to his short tenure with the BBCSO. Previously in the UK, Slatkin was principal guest conductor of the Philharmonia Orchestra from 1997 to 2000 and made a series of digital recordings for RCA with them, including the symphonies of Ralph Vaughan Williams. In 2004, the Los Angeles Philharmonic named him principal guest conductor at the Hollywood Bowl for a two-year period; he was subsequently given a third year in the position, with his tenure ending in September 2007. In 2005, he became the principal guest conductor of the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, London.
In 2006, Slatkin was named the music advisor to the Nashville Symphony Orchestra. In that capacity, he conducted the inaugural concert of the Schermerhorn Symphony Center on September 9, 2006. In June 2007, Slatkin was announced as the next Principal Guest Conductor of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and he assumed this post in 2008. On October 27, 2006, the Jacobs School of Music announced the appointment of Slatkin to the faculty at Indiana University, as a part-time teacher of conducting and composition.
On October 7, 2007, Slatkin announced he had reached agreement on a three-year contract, followed by a two-year option, to become the new music director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, beginning with the 2008-2009 subscription season. Slatkin has stated that he will relocate to the Detroit area. His contract in Detroit calls for 5 weeks of subscription concerts in the 2008-2009 season, and 13 weeks in the 2009-2010 season. Slatkin conducted his first concert as music director in Detroit in December 2008. In February 2010, the orchestra announced the extension of Slatkin's contract as music director through the 2012-2013 season. This also included an annnoucement that Slatkin would take a salary reduction to help relieve the financial difficulties of the orchestra. In November 2011, the orchestra announced the extension of Slatkin's Detroit contract through the 2015-2016 season.
Slatkin's compositions include The Raven (1971) for narrator and orchestra after Edgar Allan Poe. In addition to his earlier Saint Louis recordings for RCA and EMI, Slatkin has conducted several recordings for the Naxos label, including the first commercial recording of William Bolcom's Songs of Innocence and of Experience that received a Grammy Award for the Best Orchestral Performance.
On November 1, 2009, Slatkin suffered a heart attack while conducting in the Netherlands. In May 2010, the Orchestre National de Lyon announced the appointment of Slatkin as its next music director, effective with the 2011-2012 season.
Honors In 1990, Leonard Slatkin was inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame.In 1997, he was awarded Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia's Charles E. Lutton Man of Music Award at its national convention in Cincinnati, Ohio. He had been initiated as a national honorary member of the Fraternity in 1987.In 2003, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts.
Personal life 
Slatkin has been married four times. His first three marriages, to Beth Gootee, to Jerilyn Cohen, and to soprano Linda Hohenfeld, ended in divorce. He has a son, Daniel, from his past marriage to Hohenfeld. Slatkin married his fourth wife, the composer Cindy McTee, on 20 November 2011.