Biography All Music Guide
Group Members: Milt Jackson, The Kenny Clarke, Francy Boland Sextet, Milt Jackson And Count Basie, Milt Jackson, J.J. Johnson And Ray Brown, Milt Jackson And Ray Brown, Milt Jackson And Wes Montgomery, Milt Jackson, Ray Brown, Joe Pass And Mickey Roker, Milt Jackson, Joe Pass And Ray Brown, Milt Jackson, Milt Jackson Quartet, Milt Jackson, Hubert Laws, The Milt Jackson Quartet, Milt Jackson Orchestra, Milt Jackson & Coleman Hawkins, MJQ, Milt Jackson & The Modern Jazz Quartet, John Lewis, John Lewis & Sacha Distel, John Lewis And Orchestra U.S.A., John Lewis, Christian Escoude, John Lewis & Svend Asmussen, John Lewis, Milt Jackson, Kenny Clarke, Kenny Clarke Francy Boland Big Band, K. Clarke with A. Cyrille, M. Graves, D. Moye, Carmen McRae / The Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band, The Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band, The Clarke Boland Band, Carl Drevo / Clarke-Boland Big Band, Clarke-Boland Sextet, Clarke-Boland, The Kenny Clarke, Francy Boland Big Band, Milt Jackson And Sonny Stitt
All Music Guide:
Pianist John Lewis, vibraphonist Milt Jackson, bassist Ray Brown and drummer Kenny Clarke first came together as the rhythm section of the 1946 Dizzy Gillespie & His Orchestra and they had occasional features that gave the overworked brass players a well-deserved rest. They next came together in 1951, recording as the Milt Jackson Quartet. In 1952, with Percy Heath taking Brown's place, the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) became a permanent group. Other than Connie Kay succeeding Clarke in 1955, the band's personnel was set. In the early days Jackson and Lewis both were equally responsible for the group's musical direction but the pianist eventually took over as musical director. The MJQ has long displayed John Lewis' musical vision, making jazz seem respectable by occasionally interacting with classical ensembles and playing concerts at prestigious venues, but always leaving plenty of space for bluesy and swinging improvising. Their repertoire, in addition to including veteran bop and swing pieces, introduced such originals as Lewis' "Django" and Jackson's "Bags' Groove." The group recorded for Prestige (1952-55), Atlantic (1956-74), Verve (1957), United Artists (1959) and Apple (1967-69) and, in addition to the many quartet outings, they welcomed such guests as Jimmy Giuffre, Sonny Rollins, the Beaux Arts String Quartet, a symphony orchestra conducted by Gunther Schuller, singer Diahann Carroll (on one piece), Laurindo Almeida, a big band and the Swingle Singers. Although the musicians all had opportunities to pursue individual projects, in 1974 Milt Jackson, tired of the constant touring and the limitations set on his improvising and he quit the group, causing the MJQ to have a final tour and break up. In 1981 Jackson relented and the Modern Jazz Quartet (which has recorded further albums for Pablo and Atlantic) became active again although on a more part-time basis. Connie Kay's health began to fade in the early '90s (Mickey Roker often filled in for him) and after his death in 1995, Albert "Tootie" Heath became his replacement.