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Group Members: John Cummings
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The cosmic post-rock band Mogwai were formed in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1996 by guitarist/vocalist Stuart Braithwaite, guitarist Dominic Aitchison, and drummer Martin Bulloch, longtime friends with the goal of creating "serious guitar music." Toward that end they added another guitarist, John Cummings, before debuting in March 1996 with the single "Tuner," a rarity in the Mogwai discography for its prominent vocals; the follow-up, a split single with Dweeb titled "Angels vs. Aliens," landed in the Top Ten on the British indie charts. Following appearances on a series of compilations, Mogwai returned later in the year with the 7" "Summer"; after another early-1997 single, "New Paths to Helicon," they issued Ten Rapid, a collection of their earliest material.
Around the time that Mogwai recorded the superb 1997 EP 4 Satin, former Teenage Fanclub and Telstar Ponies member Brendan O'Hare joined the lineup in time for the recording of Mogwai's debut studio LP, Mogwai Young Team, exiting a short time later to return to his primary projects, Macrocosmica and Fiend. Again a quartet, Mogwai next issued 1998's Kicking a Dead Pig, a two-disc remix collection; the No Education = No Future (Fuck the Curfew) EP appeared a few months later. In 1999, they released Come on Die Young. Rock Action arrived in early 2001. Late that year, Mogwai released the My Father, My King EP; two years later, they issued the ironically titled Happy Songs for Happy People. Government Commissions: BBC Sessions 1996-2004 arrived early in 2005.
Mr. Beast, which was released in 2006, found the band going in a softer, more reflective direction. Late that year, the band's collaboration with Clint Mansell on the soundtrack to The Fountain arrived; Mogwai also crafted the score for Douglas Gordon's Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait, which was released in the U.K. in 2006 and in the U.S. the following spring. The Batcat EP, which featured a collaboration with garage-psych legend Roky Erickson, arrived in late summer 2008, heralding the release of The Hawk Is Howling -- which reunited the band with producer Andy Miller for the first time in a decade -- that fall. In 2010, Mogwai released their first live album, Special Moves, as a package with the Vincent Moon-directed concert film Burning.
For 2011's Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will, the band reunited with Young Team producer Paul Savage for a more streamlined set of songs. Later that year, Mogwai followed up with an EP of unreleased material from the Hardcore sessions, Earth Division, released on Sub Pop. Late in 2012, the band issued A Wrenched Virile Lore, a collection of Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will remixes. Early the following year, the first taste of their score to the French zombie TV series Les Revenants (which was based on the 2004 film of the same name) arrived as a four-song EP; in February 2013, the full-length album appeared. The band filled the rest of the year with recording their eighth proper album Rave Tapes at their Castle of Doom studio, live performances of their Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait score in Glasgow, Manchester, and London and other live performances. Rave Tapes, which boasted a more streamlined and electronic direction than Mogwai's recent albums, was released in early 2014.
Wikipedia:This article is about the Scottish post-rock band. For the German DJ, see Moguai. For other uses, see Mogwai (disambiguation).
Mogwai (/ˈɒɡaɪ/) are a Scottish post-rock band, formed in 1995 in Glasgow. The band consists of Stuart Braithwaite (guitar, vocals), John Cummings (guitar, vocals), Barry Burns (guitar, piano, synthesizer, vocals), Dominic Aitchison (bass guitar), and Martin Bulloch (drums). The band typically compose lengthy guitar-based instrumental pieces that feature dynamic contrast, melodic bass guitar lines, and heavy use of distortion and effects. The band were for several years signed to renowned Glasgow indie label Chemikal Underground, and have been distributed by different labels such as Matador in the US and Play It Again Sam in the UK, but now use their own label Rock Action Records in the UK, and Sub Pop in North America. The band were frequently championed by John Peel from their early days, and recorded seven Peel Sessions between 1996 and 2004. Peel also recorded a brief introduction for the compilation Government Commissions: BBC Sessions 1996–2003.Hodgkinson, Will (18 February 2005). "The Man That Peel Built". The Guardian (London). "List of John Peel Sessions – Mogwai". BBC. 2005.
ContentsHistory1.1 Formation (1991–95)1.2 Mogwai Young Team (1995–97)1.3 Come On Die Young (1998–99)1.4 Rock Action (2000–01)1.5 Happy Songs For Happy People (2002–03)1.6 Mr Beast (2004–06)1.7 The Hawk Is Howling (2007–08)1.8 Burning / Special Moves (2009–10)1.9 Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will and A Wrenched Virile Lore (2011–13)1.10 Rave Tapes (2013–present)
Stuart Braithwaite and Dominic Aitchison met in April 1991, and four years later formed Mogwai with old schoolfriend Martin Bulloch. The band are named after the creatures from the film Gremlins, although guitarist Stuart Braithwaite comments that "it has no significant meaning and we always intended on getting a better one, but like a lot of other things we never got round to it." 'Mogwai' means "evil spirit" or "devil" in Cantonese (Chinese: 魔鬼; pinyin: móguǐ; Jyutping: mo¹gwai²; IPA: mɔ˧˥ kueɪ˨˩˦). The band debuted in February 1996 with the "Tuner"/"Lower" single and by the end of the year they received 'single of the week' from NME for "Summer", a feat repeated early in 1997 with "New Paths to Helicon". After playing a few shows the band expanded with the introduction of John Cummings on guitar, and Teenage Fanclub drummer Brendan O'Hare joined whilst they recorded their début album Mogwai Young Team.
Mogwai Young Team (1995–97)
The album, released in October 1997, reached number 75 on the UK Albums Chart, and featured a guest appearance from Aidan Moffat of Arab Strap. In 1998 the band had their first singles chart success with a split single with Magoo of Black Sabbath cover versions reaching number 60 in the UK and an EP of "Fear Satan" remixes reaching number 57. In the same year, an album of remixes of the band's tracks by the likes of Kevin Shields, Alec Empire, and μ-ziq was issued (Kicking a Dead Pig: Mogwai Songs Remixed). The band also remixed tracks for David Holmes and Manic Street Preachers. O'Hare was sacked after the release of the album (reportedly after upsetting the rest of the band by talking all through a performance by Arab Strap).
Come On Die Young (1998–99)
Barry Burns was brought in prior to the recording of Come On Die Young, the band's second album. He had already played a few shows with the band, as a flautist and as an occasional pianist. According to Stuart, Barry was invited into the band because he was a "good laugh". The album reached number 29 in the UK. Since 1998 the band line up has remained unchanged. Fellow Scottish musician Luke Sutherland has contributed violin (and more recently vocals and guitar) to Mogwai's records and live performances.
Rock Action (2000–01)
The band's 2001 album Rock Action gave them their highest UK album chart placing, reaching number 23. The album was less guitar-led than previously, featuring more electronics; a larger than usual number of tracks also featured vocals, guest vocalists included David Pajo of Slint, Gruff Rhys of Super Furry Animals and Gary Lightbody of Snow Patrol. Shortly afterwards the band released "My Father My King", a cacophonous 20-minute song which closed their Rock Action-period shows, and was billed as a companion piece to the album.
Happy Songs For Happy People (2002–03)
Mogwai's 2003 album Happy Songs for Happy People continued the band's movement into the use of electronica and more spacious arrangements. It was the band's first album to sell in any numbers in the US, reaching No.13 on the Billboard Independent Albums Chart and even spending one week in the Billboard 200. Reviews were generally favourable, although as Pitchfork Media said in 2008 "...(the album's) reception ranged from middling to favorable. Some praised the band's scope, grandeur, and willingness to explore beyond the bounds of the quiet-loud-louder dynamic it had mastered; others lamented a lack of the same, alternately calling Happy Songs too soft, too small, or too stiff."
Mr Beast (2004–06)
In March 2006, the album Mr Beast was released in a regular format and in a limited deluxe edition package that came with both the album on CD and a DVD documenting the recording process entitled The Recording of Mr Beast. The album was described by Creation Records head Alan McGee as "probably the best art rock album I've been involved with since Loveless. In fact, it's possibly better than Loveless". referring to the influential 1991 album by My Bloody Valentine. AllMusic called the album "Possibly the most accessible yet sophisticated album Mogwai (have) released".
The Hawk Is Howling (2007–08)
The band's sixth studio album was recorded from late 2007 until early 2008, and was released in September 2008. It was the first Mogwai album not to feature vocals, and was also the first to be self-produced by the band; the album was recorded by Andy Miller at Chem19 Studios in Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, and mixed by Gareth Jones at Castle of Doom Studios in Glasgow. The album spawned an EP, Batcat, featuring the title track from the album and also a collaboration with Roky Erickson, with Erickson providing vocals on "Devil Rides".
Burning / Special Moves (2009–10)
In 2010 the band released their first live film (Burning, filmed by Vincent Moon and Nathanaël Le Scouarnec, which premiered at the Glasgow Film Festival in February) and live album (called Special Moves). Burning contains eight tracks from the band's Brooklyn shows during their 2008/2009 American tour, whilst Special Moves adds nine more tracks from the same source. Special Moves was the first release on Mogwai's own Rock Action records, named after Stooges drummer Scott Asheton, who had his name changed to Rock Action.
Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will and A Wrenched Virile Lore (2011–13)
In September 2010, Mogwai left longtime North American distributor Matador Records, and signed with Sub Pop. Braithwaite also stated that the band were working on material for a new album for release in early 2011. On 27 October 2010, Mogwai announced their seventh studio album, Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will. The album was released on 14 February 2011 in the UK and entered the UK Albums Chart at number 25. A bonus edition featured an additional CD featuring a 23-minute piece called "Music for a Forgotten Future (The Singing Mountain)", which was recorded for an art installation by Douglas Gordon and Olaf Nicolai. Three singles were released from the album; "Rano Pano", "Mexican Grand Prix" and "San Pedro".
In 2012 a remix album, A Wrenched Virile Lore was released which included tracks from Hardcore... remixed by numerous artists including Xander Harris, The Soft Moon, Robert Hampson and Justin Broadrick. The album, whose title is almost an anagram of "Hardcore Will Never Die" was again released by Sub Pop in the US, and Rock Action Records elsewhere.
Rave Tapes (2013–present)
In July 2013, Mogwai performed their soundtrack to Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait for the first time at dates across the UK. An announcement of new live dates followed, including two nights at the Royal Festival Hall, and an appearance closing the final holiday camp edition of the "All Tomorrow's Parties" festival in Camber Sands, England.
They announced their eighth studio album Rave Tapes on 28 October 2013. The album was released on 20 January 2014 on Rock Action in the UK, Spunk in Australia and Hostess in Japan and South-east Asia, while Sub Pop released the album in the US on 21 January. Rave Tapes was produced by Mogwai and Paul Savage, and the song "Remurdered" was uploaded to the Rock Action and Sub Pop SoundCloud pages at the time of the announcement. The album entered the UK album charts at No.10 and as of April 2014 was the best selling UK album released in 2014 in terms of vinyl sales.
The band announced that they would release an EP titled Music Industry 3. Fitness Industry 1. on Rock Action on 1 December 2014 that features three brand new tracks from the Rave Tapes sessions, along with three remixes of tracks from that album by Blanck Mass, Pye Corner Audio and Nils Frahm. The EP was recorded in Glasgow with Paul Savage and was announced alongside the release of the single Teenage Exorcists.Strong, Martin C. (2003) The Great Indie Discography, Canongate, ISBN 1-84195-335-0, p. 872 "FAQ". mogwai.co.uk. 2006. Wolk, Douglas (1999) "Our Gang", CMJ New Music Monthly, May 1999. Retrieved 17 April 2010 Scott Herren (16 January 2005). "My Father My King review". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 5 August 2011. "Happy Songs for Happy People on Billboard". Billboard. 5 July 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2011. Grayson Currin (23 September 2008). "The Hawk Is Howling review". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 6 August 2011. "Questions of Doom: Alan McGee". Archived from the original on 30 December 2006. Retrieved 30 December 2006. Phares, Heather. "Mr Beast – review". AllMusic. Retrieved 29 October 2011. "Mogwai – Recording The Hawk is Howling". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 4 November 2012. Galloway, Vic (2010) "Voice of New Music in Scotland", News of the World (Scottish edition), 21 February 2010, p. 2 "Mogwai's movie 'Burning' to premiere at Glasgow Film Festival – video", NME, 21 January 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010 "Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will.". Mogwai Official Web Site. Retrieved 25 November 2010. "UK Albums Chart". The Official Charts Company. acharts.us. 20 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011. "Hardcore Will Never Die, But You Will (Special Edition)". discogs. Retrieved 11 April 2012. "A Wrenched Virile Lore". Mogwai. Retrieved 29 October 2012. "Mogwai / A Wrenched Virile Lore – SP1033". Sub Pop. Retrieved 29 October 2012. Meighan, Nicola. "A Thirsty Conspiracy: Mogwai & Douglas Gordon Talk Zidane". The Quietus. Retrieved 28 September 2013. "Mogwai – Royal Festival Hall". Southbank Centre. Retrieved 28 September 2013. "ATP End Of An Era Part 2". ATP. Retrieved 28 September 2013. Amy Phillips; Evan Minsker (28 October 2013). "Mogwai Announce New Album Rave Tapes". Pitchfork. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 26 December 2013. "MOGWAI ANNOUNCE NEW ALBUM RAVE TAPES". FACT Mag. The Vinyl Factory. 28 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013. "Mogwai’s Rave Tapes makes UK top 10". FACT. Retrieved 25 April 2014. "Arctic Monkeys and Mogwai lead the best vinyl sales figures in a decade". FACT. Retrieved 25 April 2014. "Mogwai announce new EP, 'Music Industry 3 Fitness Industry 1'". NME. Retrieved 25 November 2014. "Mogwai Announce Music Industry 3. Fitness Industry 1. EP, Share "Teenage Exorcists"". Pitchfork. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
Soundtracks and other work
In 2006, the band provided the soundtrack to the film Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait, with the soundtrack album released the following year. The band also collaborated with Clint Mansell on the soundtrack to The Fountain in 2006. Mogwai are also featured in the 2009 post-rock documentary Introspective. The band donated an exclusive track to the PEACE project in April 2010 in support of Amnesty International. In 2012, the band provided the soundtrack for the Canal+ French TV series Les Revenants (broadcast as The Returned in the UK). The album, Les Revenants, was released on 25 February 2013.MacDonald, John (2007) "Mogwai Zidane: A 21st Century Portrait", Prefix, 21 June 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2010 Ankeny, Jason "Mogwai Biography", AllMusic. Retrieved 17 April 2010 Hubert, Andrea (2010) "The Guide: film: London Short Film Festival: London", The Guardian, 2 January 2010, p. 21 Young, Alex (2010) "Mogwai, Dan Deacon, Voxtrot donate tracks to PEACE", Consequence of Sound, 16 April 2010. Retrieved 17 April 2010 Martins, Chris. "Mogwai Release Haunting Score for French Zombie Show 'Les Revenants'". Spin. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
The band's influences include Fugazi, MC5, My Bloody Valentine, Sonic Youth, Pixies, The Cure and post-rock pioneers Slint. Mogwai's style has easily identifiable connections to genres like shoegazing, math rock, and art rock. Début album Mogwai Young Team was described as "stunningly dynamic...[shifting] seamlessly from tranquil, bleakly beautiful soundscapes to brain scrambling white noise and sledgehammer riffing". Douglas Wolk, writing for SPIN in 1999 said of the band: "Their compositions have gotten increasingly drawn-out and austere over time, sometimes barely more than a single arpeggiated chord or two evolving for ten minutes or more, whisperingly brutal in a way that recalls Slint more than any other band". Barry Burns once stated in an interview that he and the rest of the band do not like the categorisation of post-rock because he believes it over-analyses everything.
Braithwaite has commented on the absence of lyrics in most of Mogwai's music, saying:
I think most people are not used to having no lyrics to focus on. Lyrics are a real comfort to some people. I guess they like to sing along and when they can't do that with us they can get a bit upset.—Stuart Braithwaite, The Express Simmonds, Jeremy: "Mogwai", in Buckley, Peter (2003) The Rough Guide to Rock, Rough Guides, ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0, p. 684-6 Cite error: The named reference Strong was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference Wolk was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "Chillville Interviews Mogwai". Chillville.com. 12 September 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2009. Dunk, Marcus (23 October 1999). "forget the vocals – just come on and feel the noise" (Reprint). Daily Express. Retrieved 16 December 2009.