Biography All Music GuideWikipedia
All Music Guide:
Following the success of JLS and the Wanted, X Factor contestants One Direction were the next group of heartthrobs to help revive the boy-band concept. The quintet outdid all of their predecessors, becoming the biggest boy band since Take That, selling millions of albums and singles, filling arenas and making movies, while hitting number one many times over across the world with undeniably hooky songs and plenty of boy next door charm.
The group was formed by Niall Horan from Mullingar, Ireland; Zayn Malik from Bradford; Harry Styles from Cheshire; Louis Tomlinson from Doncaster, and Liam Payne from Wolverhampton (the latter had previously reached the judge's house stages of The X Factor as a 14-year-old back in 2008). Each originally entered 2010's seventh series of X Factor as individuals, but following a suggestion from guest judge Nicole Scherzinger, they were grouped together to become One Direction. Mentored by Simon Cowell, they soon became one of the favorites to win the show, thanks to renditions of Kelly Clarkson's "My Life Would Suck Without You," Elton John's "Something About the Way You Look Tonight," and Bonnie Tyler's "Total Eclipse of the Heart." However, despite receiving a standing ovation for their duet with Robbie Williams ("She's the One") in the live final, they eventually finished third behind Rebecca Ferguson and winner Matt Cardle.
Spotting the potential of five Justin Bieber-esque teen pin-ups, Cowell signed them to his Syco label in a two-million dollar deal, and after performing on the X Factor tour, the quintet began work on their debut album with Savan Kotecha (Britney Spears, Enrique Iglesias). Following a sponsorship deal with Nintendo DS and a book, Forever Young, named after their cover of the Alphaville classic that was intended to be their winner's song, they released their first single, "What Makes You Beautiful," in late 2011. The full-length album Up All Night followed soon after. In 2012, One Direction became the first British band to debut on top of the Billboard 200 list when Up All Night sold over 176,000 copies during its first week of release in America.
In late 2012, One Direction released their sophomore album, Take Me Home. Highlighting more of the band's melodic pop, Take Me Home featured songs and production via Sweden's Carl Falk, Rami Yacoub, and Savan Kotecha, who worked on Up All Night, as well as contributions from singer/songwriter Ed Sheeran. The album proved to be another smash and topped charts around the world, earning multi-platinum certification in half a dozen countries. The singles "Live While We're Young" and "Little Things" also hit number one across the globe, and "Kiss You" reached the Top Ten in the U.S.
One Direction then embarked on a globe-spanning tour in which the band played over 100 shows, including six sold-out nights at London's massive O2 Arena. At the same time, they were being filmed by director Morgan Spurlock for This Is Us, a mix of documentary and concert footage that proved to be successful at the box office when it was released in August of 2013. While they were touring, One Direction also began work on their third album, Midnight Memories. Released just in time for the 2013 holidays, the record featured songwriting input from all the members, a new production team, and some new folk and '80s hair metal influences. It nearly outdid Take Me Home and Up All Night, peaking at number one in seven countries and spawning the singles "Best Song Ever" and "Story of My Life."
Early the following year, the band was embroiled in controversy after a video emerged which appeared to show Malik and Tomlinson smoking cannabis. Conservative tween fans were horrified, boycotting shows and even going so far as to burn their concert tickets. The scandal failed to make much of a dent in One Direction's popularity, however, and they bounced back after a muted apology. They continued to tour the world for most of the rest of the year, but still found time to record a fourth album, the imaginatively titled Four. It, and a new concert film entitled Where We Are, were slated for release in late 2014.
One Direction (commonly abbreviated as 1D) are an English-Irish pop boy band based in London, composed of Niall Horan, Liam Payne, Harry Styles and Louis Tomlinson. Previously, Zayn Malik was a member until his departure from the band in March 2015. The group signed with Simon Cowell's record label Syco Records after forming and finishing third in the seventh series of the British televised singing competition The X Factor in 2010. Propelled to international success by social media, One Direction's four albums, Up All Night (2011), Take Me Home (2012), Midnight Memories (2013) and Four (2014) topped charts in most major markets, and generated hit singles including "What Makes You Beautiful", "Live While We're Young", "Story of My Life" and "Night Changes".
Their achievements include five Brit Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, eleven MTV Europe Music Awards, and nineteen Teen Choice Awards out of nineteen nominations, among many others. According to Nick Gatfield, the chairman and chief executive of Sony Music Entertainment UK, One Direction represented a $50 million business empire by June 2012. They were proclaimed 2012's "Top New Artist" by Billboard. According to the Sunday Times Rich List, by April 2013, they had an estimated personal combined wealth of £25 million ($41.2m) making them the second-wealthiest musicians in the UK under 30 years of age. In 2014, Forbes listed them the second-highest earning celebrities under 30, with the group earning an estimated $75 million from June 2013 to June 2014.
After the release of Four, One Direction became the first band in the U.S. Billboard 200 history to have their first four albums debut at number one. Their third album, Midnight Memories, was the biggest-selling album worldwide of 2013 despite being released in later November. In 2014, Billboard named One Direction the top artist of the year."AllMusic - One Direction". Hampp, Andrew (14 December 2012). "One Direction: Q&As With Billboard's Top New Artist of 2012". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 14 December 2012. "Sunday Times' rich list 2013, One direction, Zoom under 30, Paul McCartney". sugarscape.com. 10 April 2013. Retrieved 29 November 2014. "Justin Bieber is Forbes' highest-earning celebrity under 30 pocketing $80m this year... which should just about cover his costly legal woes". Mail Online. Retrieved 25 November 2014 Caulfield, Keith (26 November 2014). "One Direction’s ‘Four’ Makes Historic No. 1 Debut on Billboard 200 Chart". Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 26 November 2014. "One Direction top 2013 global album chart". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 2 August 2014. "The Year in Pop 2014: One Direction, 'Frozen,' & Pharrell Dominate". Billboard. Retrieved 8 January 2015
ContentsHistory1.1 2010–11: The X Factor1.2 2011–12: Up All Night1.3 2012–13: Take Me Home1.4 2013–14: Midnight Memories and This Is Us1.5 2014–present: Four and Malik's departure
2010–11: The X Factor
In 2010, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, and Louis Tomlinson auditioned as solo candidates for the seventh series of the British televised singing competition The X Factor. They failed to progress to the "Boys" category at "judges' houses" but were put together to form a five-piece boy band at Wembley Arena, in London, England, in July 2010, during the "bootcamp" stage of the competition, thus qualifying for the "Groups" category. Nicole Scherzinger, a guest judge, and Simon Cowell have both claimed to have come up with the idea of forming the band. In 2013, Cowell said that it "took him 10 minutes to put them together as a group". Subsequently, the group got together for two weeks to get to know each other and to practise. Styles came up with the name One Direction. For their qualifying song at "judges' houses", and their first song as a group, One Direction sang an acoustic version of "Torn". Cowell later commented that their performance convinced him that they "were confident, fun, like a gang of friends, and kind of fearless as well." Within the first four weeks of the live shows, they were his last act in the competition. The group quickly gained popularity in the UK.
One Direction finished in third place and immediately after the final, their song "Forever Young", which would have been released if they had won The X Factor, was leaked onto the internet. Shortly afterwards it was confirmed that One Direction had been signed by Cowell to a reported £2 million Syco Records record contract. Recording for their debut album began in January 2011, as they flew to Los Angeles to work with RedOne, a record producer. A book licensed by One Direction, One Direction: Forever Young (Our Official X Factor Story), was published by HarperCollins in February 2011, subsequently topping The Sunday Times Best Seller list. The same month, the boy band and other contestants from the series participated in the X Factor Live Tour. During the tour, the group performed for 500,000 people throughout the UK. After the tour concluded in April 2011, the group continued working on their debut album. Recording took place in Stockholm, London and Los Angeles, as One Direction worked with producers Carl Falk, Savan Kotecha, Steve Mac, and Rami Yacoub, among others.
2011–12: Up All Night
Released in September 2011, One Direction's debut single, "What Makes You Beautiful", reached number one on the UK Singles Chart, after becoming the most pre-ordered Sony Music Entertainment single in history. Subsequent singles, "Gotta Be You" and "One Thing", peaked in the UK Singles Chart top ten. In November 2011, they signed a record deal with Columbia Records in North America. Steve Barnett, the co-chairman of Columbia Records, said it was not a difficult decision to sign One Direction; "I just thought there was a void, and maybe they could seize and hold it." "What Makes You Beautiful" was released in the United States in February 2012, where it debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 28, becoming the highest debut for a British act since 1998. It has sold over 4 million copies in the U.S. Upon arrival in the U.S. in February 2012, One Direction embarked on a radio promotion spree, as well as their first North American concert tour as an opening act for Big Time Rush. They made their first U.S. television appearance on The Today Show, at the Rockefeller Center; an estimated 15,000 fans descended on the plaza. Critically commended for its appeal to the teenage audience, One Direction's first studio album, Up All Night, was released globally in early 2012. It became the UK's fastest-selling debut album of 2011, and topped the charts in sixteen countries. The album bowed atop the Billboard 200 chart, making One Direction the first British group in US chart history to enter at number one with their debut album. They were inducted into the Guinness World Records as a result. Up All Night also became the first album by a boy band to sell 500,000 digital copies in the U.S. and, by August 2012, had sold over 3 million copies worldwide.
In April 2012, an American band that went by the same name filed a trademark infringement lawsuit. According to the lawsuit, the U.S. band had been using the name since 2009, recorded two albums and filed an application to register the trademark name in the U.S. in February 2011. The U.S. band said they were entitled to three times the profits made by the UK band, as well as compensatory damages in excess of US$1million. The lawsuit claimed that Syco and Sony Music "chose to ignore the plaintiff's rights and wilfully infringed them" after they realised in early 2011 that the two bands shared the same name. Syco Records subsequently counter-sued, suggesting the U.S. group was trying to make money from One Direction's success and that the boy band was the first to use the name in U.S. interstate commerce. The BBC reported in September 2012 that the UK group won the legal dispute over the right to keep using their band name; the U.S. band changed its name to Uncharted Shores. The change of name was announced in a joint statement that also noted both groups were happy with the outcome.
In December 2011, One Direction embarked on their first headlining UK concert tour, the Up All Night Tour. In early 2012, they announced Australasian and North American legs of the concert tour, with dates from April to July 2012. The tour, comprising 62 shows, was met with positivity both critically and commercially. A recording of a concert from the tour, Up All Night: The Live Tour, was released in May 2012. In addition to the DVD topping the charts in twenty-five countries, its global sales had exceeded 1 million copies by August 2012. One Direction's first book to be licensed in America, Dare to Dream: Life as One Direction, published in the United States in May 2012, topped The New York Times Best Seller list. In June 2012, Nick Gatfield, the chairman and chief executive officer of Sony Music Entertainment UK, stated how he expects One Direction to represent a $100 million business empire over 2013. Gatfield was quoted as saying, "What you might not know about One Direction is that they already represent a $50 million business and that's a figure we expect to double next year". In August 2012, the group's record sales exceeded 8 million singles, 3 million albums, and 1 million DVDs, and they performed "What Makes You Beautiful" at the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London, which represented the handover to Rio de Janeiro as the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics. One Direction were the biggest winners of the 2012 MTV Video Music Awards winning their three nominations on 6 September 2012, including Best New Artist.
2012–13: Take Me Home
One Direction's second studio album, Take Me Home, was released in November 2012. Take Me Home was written in groups and has an average of just under five songwriters per track. Savan Kotecha, Rami Yacoub, and Carl Falk, who composed One Direction's hits "What Makes You Beautiful" and "One Thing", spent six months in Stockholm developing songs for the album, and were able to shape melodies around their tones. One Direction began recording the album in May 2012, in Stockholm at Kinglet Studios. The album cover artwork features the group surrounding a traditional British K2 red telephone box, a familiar sight on the streets of the UK. Take Me Home garnered mixed reviews from music critics. There was praise for its quality of production, while it was criticised for its generic, rushed nature. The album's lead single, "Live While We're Young", released in September 2012, reached the top ten in almost every country it charted in and recorded the highest one-week opening sales figure for a song by a non-U.S. artist in the U.S. The album and its second single, "Little Things", both debuted at number one in the UK simultaneously; something that One Direction became the youngest act in British chart history to achieve. Take Me Home sold 540,000 copies in its first week in the US, debuted atop the Billboard 200, and topped the charts in more than thirty-four other countries. Additionally, Up All Night and Take Me Home were the number three and number four best-selling albums of 2012 globally, each album selling over 5 million units worldwide.
One Direction performed "Little Things" at the 2012 Royal Variety Performance in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II, and headlined a sold-out show at New York City's Madison Square Garden on 3 December 2012.
In February 2013, One Direction released a cover version of "One Way or Another" and "Teenage Kicks", "One Way or Another (Teenage Kicks)", as the 2013 Comic Relief single. As part of their involvement with the UK charity, One Direction travelled to Ghana to volunteer at a children's hospital, visit a school and make donations.
In addition, the Official Charts Company revealed that One Direction had sold 2,425,000 records in the UK by February 2013. One Direction embarked on their second concert tour in February 2013, the Take Me Home Tour. The concert tour consists of over 100 shows in Europe, North America and Australasia. Ticket sales reached 300,000 within a day of release in the UK and Ireland, which included a six-date sell-out at London's The O2 Arena. In the Australian and New Zealand markets, tickets grossed US$15.7 million, with all 190,000 tickets being sold for the eighteen shows to be held. The tour received critical acclaim from music critics who praised the band's live vocals and their performance abilities and was a commercial success, selling 1,635,000 tickets from 134 shows.
2013–14: Midnight Memories and This Is Us
One Direction: This Is Us, a 3D documentary and concert film about the group directed by Morgan Spurlock and produced by Spurlock, Ben Winston, Adam Milano and Simon Cowell, was released by TriStar Pictures on 30 August 2013. The film features the song "Best Song Ever", released on 22 July 2013. "Best Song Ever" slated to serve as the lead single of the group's third studio album Midnight Memories. The film was a box office success, topping the UK and US box offices and grossing over $60 million worldwide. It is currently the fourth highest grossing concert movie.
On 16 May 2013, the band announced their first stadium tour, the Where We Are Tour, which began in April 2014. On 30 May 2013, the band announced a partnership with Office Depot on a limited-edition capsule collection of back to school supplies. They also confirmed that a portion of the proceeds from the alliance would go toward an anti-bullying educational program intended to promote kinder behaviour in schools. The campaign raised over one million dollars.
On 23 November 2013, in support of Midnight Memories, the band participated in "1D Day", a day dedicated to One Direction fans. The day constituted of a landmark 7.5 hour socially interactive YouTube live-stream featuring live band performances, celebrity guests including, Simon Cowell, Cindy Crawford, Piers Morgan, Jerry Springer and many more. The event was unique not only because of its long runtime but the unprecedented use of social media whereby fans got to participate in the show interact directly with the band via Google+ Hangout.
Midnight Memories was released globally on 25 November 2013. It debuted at number one in the UK and in the US, making them the first group to debut at number one on the Billboard 200 with its first three albums, and the second to reach the top after The Monkees in 1967. The album was described by the band as edgier and as having a "slightly rockier tone" than their previous efforts. "Story of My Life" was revealed as the second single of the album with each member posting a photo from their childhood. To promote the album, the band performed on both the American and British versions of The X Factor.
In December 2013, One Direction broke yet another UK sales record with the DVD and Blu-ray release of their 3-D concert film This is Us. Nearly 270,000 copies of the film were sold in the UK within three days of its release, beating the record previously set by Michael Jackson's This Is It in 2010 by 10,000 copies. The group was named Top Global artists of 2013 by the IFPI because of strong digital downloads, physical albums, on-demand streams, and music videos.
2014–present: Four and Malik's departure
On 21 July, One Direction announced One Direction: Where We Are - The Concert Film, a film which documents the 28 and 29 June 2014 concerts that took place in San Siro Stadium during their Where We Are Tour. After the announcement, the band announced the film will also have a limited 10–11 October 2014 international cinema release before its home media release in November 2014 The group also released an autobiography book titled Who We Are on 25 September 2014.
On 8 September, One Direction announced their fourth studio album to be titled Four, set to be released on 17 November 2014. As part of the announcement, one of the songs from the album, "Fireproof" was released for free download for 24 hours on their official website. "Steal My Girl", the album's lead single, was released on 29 September, and the music video was released on 24 October. The second single from the album, "Night Changes", was released on 14 November, three days before the album's release. Four was released on 17 November, topping the Billboard 200 and the UK Album Chart.
On 22 November, Paul Higgins, the group's tour manager who has been with them since its formation, parted ways with the band. The band confirmed at the BBC Music Awards that following the success of Four, they had hopes to continue to go "somewhere else" on their fifth album.
On 25 March 2015, the band released a statement announcing Malik's departure. The group made their first official public appearance as a four piece on The Late Late Show with James Corden on 14 May, where they confirmed that they would continue working without a new fifth member.Kelly, Kristy (26 July 2011). "Nicole Scherzinger: 'I did Simon Cowell a favour with One Direction'". Digital Spy (UK: Hearst). Retrieved 26 July 2011. McMahon, Kate (12 July 2010). "Cheryl Tweedy cancels X Factor Boot Camp and V Festival appearances". The Daily Mirror (Trinity Mirror). Retrieved 12 July 2010. Wyatt, Daisy. "One Direction film claims she founded band, not Simon Cowell". The Independent (London). "Without Nicole Scherzinger there would be no One Direction". NOVA Fm (Australian radio). Harp, Justin (24 November 2013). "Simon Cowell talks One Direction formation: 'It was my idea'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved 24 November 2013. Walker, Stan; Stack, Short; Paynter, Michael; Meredith, Amy. "One Direction Biography". The Hot Hits Live from LA (MCM Media). Retrieved 27 April 2012. "One Direction prepare for Cardiff sell-out shows". South Wales Echo. Media Wales. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2012. "The X Factor 2010: the 12 acts who made it to the Live Shows". STV. SCO, UK. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2011. Greene, Andy (9 April 2012). "Exclusive Q&A: Simon Cowell on One Direction's Rise to Stardom". Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved 11 May 2012. Bull, Sarah (31 October 2010). "X Factor 2010: Flaky Katie Waissel survives by the skin of her teeth as Simon Cowell is down to one act after Belle Amie are voted off". The Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 26 August 2012. Heritage, Stuart (12 December 2012). "The X Factor 2010 final results show". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 15 March 2012. Cara, Lee (15 December 2010). "Father Xmas Si's three special gifts". The Sun (London: News International). Retrieved 4 January 2012. Nissim, Mayer (28 January 2011). "One Direction 'get £2m Syco investment'". Digital Spy (UK: Hearst). Retrieved 23 October 2011. Miller, Ed (16 August 2011). "Sony excited about One Direction potential". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 27 July 2012. Fletcher, Alex (17 February 2011). "One Direction release autobiography". Digital Spy. UK: Hearst. Retrieved 14 January 2012. "One Direction book number one on Sunday Times bestsetller list". Sugarscape (Hachette Filipacchi Médias). 5 April 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012. Freeman, Sophie (19 November 2010). "Now Treyc Cohen snubbed by X Factor for £100,000 tour... but reject Aiden Grimshaw IS invited". The Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 19 November 2010. "Tickets for One Direction at HMV Apollo Hammersmith, London, now available from hmvtickets.com". HMV. Retrieved 11 May 2012. "Up All Night – One Direction". Rovi Corporation. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2012. Up All Night (liner notes). One Direction. Syco Music, Sony Music Entertainment. 2011. Corner, Lewis (19 August 2011). "One Direction's 'What Makes You Beautiful' breaks pre-order sales record". Digital Spy (UK: Hearst). Retrieved 19 August 2011. Jones, Alan (19 September 2011). "What Makes You Beautiful becomes fastest seller of the year". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 5 January 2012. Jones, Alan (21 November 2011). "UK Singles Chart Analysis: Rihanna equals Adele record". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 11 June 2012. Jones, Alan (20 February 2012). "Official Chart Analysis: Emeli Sande album sells 113k, DJ Fresh single shifts 128k". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 17 March 2012. Corner, Lewis (22 November 2011). "One Direction sign U.S. record deal with Adele label Columbia". Digital Spy. UK: Hearst. Retrieved 14 January 2012. McKinley, James C, Jr (23 March 2012). "One Direction and the Wanted: Boy Bands Return". The New York Times. Hasaka, Amanda (14 February 2012). "One Direction's Debut Single 'What Makes You Beautiful' Now Available On iTunes!". Celebuzz (Buzz Media). Retrieved 15 February 2012. "One Direction Has Highest Hot 100 Debut For New UK Act Since 1998". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012. Grein, Paul (30 January 2013). "Week Ending Jan. 27, 2013. Songs: Another F**kin' Top 10 Hit". Music (Yahoo!). Retrieved 30 January 2013. Savage, Mark (21 May 2010). "The U.S. love affair with British pop". News (BBC). Retrieved 25 July 2010. Lee, Stephan. "Exclusive Photo: One Direction and Big Time Rush unite for North American tour!". Entertainment Weekly. Time. Retrieved 4 February 2012. Horowitz, Steven J (27 March 2012). "One Direction & The Wanted: The Billboard Cover Story". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 16 April 2012. Markovitz, Adam (20 March 2012). "Up All Night (2012) One Direction". Entertainment Weekly (review) (Time). Retrieved 21 March 2012. "Listen Up: Stay 'Up All Night' with One Direction". USA Today (Gannett Co). 13 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Chisling, Matthew (21 November 2011). "Up All Night – One Direction". AllMusic (Rovi Corporation). Retrieved 5 January 2012. "One Direction Thank Fans For 'Up All Night' Chart Success". Capital FM (Global Radio). 28 November 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2012. "One Direction to hold global Twitter viewing party for new concert DVD". Music Week (Intent Media). 30 May 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2012. Caulfield, Keith (20 March 2012). "One Direction Makes History With No. 1 Debut on Billboard 200". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 21 March 2012. Daniels, Colin (7 September 2012). "Adele, One Direction enter 'Guinness World Records'". Digital Spy (UK: Hearst). Retrieved 8 September 2012. Grein, Paul (24 October 2012). "Week Ending Oct. 21, 2012. Albums: Aldean's Fast Train To #1". Music (U.S.: Yahoo!). Retrieved 24 October 2012. Lane, Dan (2 August 2012). "One Direction sell 12 million singles, albums and DVD and Blu-rays worldwide". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 2 August 2012. Jones, Rhian (11 April 2012). "One Direction sued for trademark infringement". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 27 April 2012. "One Direction win fight against U.S. band to keep name". Newsbeat. BBC. 7 September 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2012. "One Direction Prepare For 'Up All Night' Tour With Watford Concert". Capital FM (Global Radio). 19 December 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012. McGarry, Lisa (24 February 2012). "One Direction announce 2012 tour dates for Australia and New Zealand". Unreality TV. Retrieved 31 March 2012. "One Direction Reveal North American Tour Dates". Idolator (Buzz Media). 21 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Robertson, James (11 January 2012). "One Direction's Hammersmith Apollo gig". The Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. Ryan, Alexandra (25 January 2012). "One Direction show has fans up all night". Evening Herald. Independent News & Media. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. Brandle, Lars (19 April 2012). "One Direction Live: Shriek Show in Australia". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 9 July 2012. Adams, Cameron; Siobhan, Duck (2 March 2012). "One Direction's Melbourne concert sells out in three minutes". Herald Sun (AU: The Herald and Weekly Times). Retrieved 1 July 2012. Jones, Bridget (2 March 2012). "One Direction's NZ tour sold out". Stuff (NZ: Fairfax Media). Retrieved 1 July 2012. Hewett, Emily (1 October 2011). "One Direction tickets: Fans bombard Ticketmaster as eBay touts capitalise". Metro (Associated Newspapers). Retrieved 1 July 2012. "One Direction to Headline Madison Square Garden December 3, 2012". KAIT (Raycom Media). 3 April 2012. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. Corner, Lewis (12 April 2012). "One Direction perform 'Moments' on tour". Digital Spy (video) (UK: Hearst). Retrieved 27 April 2012. Jones, Rhian (8 June 2012). "One Direction live DVD hits No.1 in 25 countries". Music Week (Intent Media). Retrieved 11 June 2012. Cowles, Gregory (10 June 2012). "Best Sellers". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 August 2012. Vena, Jocelyn (15 June 2012). "One Direction Set To Become Booming $100 Million Business". MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 15 June 2012. Makarechi, Kia (12 August 2012). "One Direction & Closing Ceremony: Olympics Get A Dose Of 'What Makes You Beautiful'". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 13 August 2012. Butterfly, Amelia (7 September 2012). "One Direction win three MTV Video Music Awards in LA". Newsbeat (UK: BBC). Retrieved 7 September 2012. "Take Me Home". iTunes Store (in Dutch). Netherlands: Apple. Retrieved 16 November 2012. Wol, Douglas (28 June 2012). "One Direction's songwriters: They're what make the boy band beautiful". Time. Retrieved 25 August 2012. Take Me Home (liner notes). One Direction. Syco Records. 2012. "One Direction Recording Second Album". MTV News (Viacom). 11 May 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. "One Direction Enjoy "Amazing Day" In The Studio Recording New Album". Capital (Global Radio). 12 May 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. Wheeler, Rachael (30 August 2012). "One Direction reveal album artwork for Take Me Home - 3am & Mirror Online". Mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Collar, Matt (11 November 2012). "Take Me Home (CD – Sony Music Distribution #88725475972)". AllMusic (Rovi Corporation). Fox, Al (12 November 2012). "One Direction – Take Me Home". BBC Music (review) (BBC). Retrieved 16 November 2012. Markovitz, Adam (11 November 2012). "Take Me Home — One Direction". Entertainment Weekly (review) (Time). Retrieved 16 November 2012. Cite error: The named reference NYT was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference Guardian was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference NZH was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Hart, Tina (21 October 2012). "One Direction achieve fastest-selling single by a UK act in the U.S.". Music Week (United Kingdom: Intent Media). Retrieved 11 October 2012. Jones, Alan (19 November 2012). "Official Charts Analysis: One Direction youngest ever act to score No. 1 Album and Single simultaneously". Music Week (UK: Intent Media). Retrieved 19 November 2012. "One Direction's 'Take Me Home' Debuts at No. 1 With Year's Third-Biggest Opening". Billboard. U.S.: Prometheus Global Media. 20 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012. Hart, Tina (29 November 2012). "Imagem Music signs One Direction hit-writer Fiona Bevan". Music Week (UK: Intent Media). Retrieved 1 December 2012. "One Direction". Modest Management. Retrieved 2 August 2014. "Royal Variety Performance 2012: One Direction and Girls Aloud sing for The Queen". The Daily Telegraph (London). 20 November 2012. Retrieved 24 November 2012. Hampp, Andrew (4 December 2012). "One Direction Headlines Sold-Out Show at Madison Square Garden". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 5 December 2012. Robertson, James (15 January 2013). "'We are the most selfish people ever': One Direction reflect on 'life changing' charity trip to Africa 'slums'". Metro. Retrieved 16 February 2013. Lane, Dan (20 February 2013). "The BRIT Awards 2013: The biggest selling nominees revealed". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 21 February 2013. Vena, Jocelyn (12 April 2012). "One Direction Announce U.S. Dates On 2013 World Tour". News (MTV). Retrieved 20 April 2012. "One Direction Fans in Ticket-Buying Frenzy". News (MTV). 26 February 2012. Retrieved 20 April 2012. Stack, Brittany (29 April 2012). "How One Direction cashed in on their hugely successful Australian tour". The Daily Telegraph (AU: News Limited). Retrieved 11 June 2012. "One Direction | Welcome to the One Direction website!". Onedirectionmusic.com. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Schneider, Marc (13 November 2012). "One Direction 3D Film Gets 'Super' Director". Billboard (New York: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 15 November 2012. Brandie, Lars (26 June 2013), "One Direction Tease 'Best Song Ever'; Release New Movie Trailer", Billboard "One Direction Announce New Single 'Best Song Ever'". UK: MTV. Retrieved 1 July 2013. "Welcome to 1D Day – 1D Day – One Direction". 1dday.com. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. "One Direction '1D Day' Live Stream - watch - Showbiz News". Digital Spy. 23 November 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. Caulfield, Keith (4 December 2013). "One Direction Scores Historic Third No. 1 Album on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 4 December 2013. Percival, Ashley. "One Direction Big Announcement: 'Where We Are' Stadium Tour Confirmed For 2014". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 July 2013. Crawley, Joanna (11 October 2013). "Breaking hearts from the get go: One Direction share adorable childhood photos to promote new single Story of My Life". Daily Mail (London). Chung, Gabrielle (11 October 2013). "One Direction Announces 'Story of My Life' Single Through Baby Photos". Celebuzz. Lewis, Anna. "One Direction confirmed for The X Factor 2013 live shows". heatworld.com. "One Direction beat Michael Jackson's chart record". Officialcharts.com. 23 December 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. Sherwin, Adam (30 January 2014). "One Direction named top Global Recording Artist in new award". London: The Independent. Retrieved 30 January 2014.  "Where We Are: Live From San Siro Stadium [DVD]: Amazon.co.uk: One Direction: DVD & Blu-ray". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 25 July 2014. "Attention, Directioners: 1D Is Releasing an Autobiography! Here's the Scoop on Your New Favorite Book". Teen Vogue. Retrieved 13 September 2014. Locker, Melissa (8 September 2014). "One Direction Announces New Album Four, Out November 17". Time (Time.com). Time Inc. Retrieved 8 September 2014. Kennedy, Gerrick D. (8 September 2014). "One Direction to release new album 'Four' on Nov. 17". Los Angeles Times (LATimes.com). Tribune Publishing. Retrieved 8 September 2014. Lynch, Joe (8 September 2014). "One Direction Reveal New Album 'Four,' Release Free Song (for 24 Hours Only)". Billboard (Billboard.com). Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 8 September 2014. "One Direction Announces 'Four' Album Lead Single 'Steal My Girl,' Due Late September - Billboard". Billboard. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. "One Direction Performs New Single ‘Night Changes’ - Billboard". Billboard. Keith Caulfield (26 November 2014). "One Direction's 'Four' Makes Historic No. 1 Debut on Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 28 November 2014. http://www.officialcharts.com/chart-news/four-scores-one-direction-a-third-consecutive-official-albums-chart-number-1-3302/ http://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/one-direction-tour-boss-quits-4678063 Davidson, Amy (12 December 2014). "One Direction confirm fifth album, with sound to go "somewhere else"". United Kingdom: Digital Spy. (Hearst Corporation). Retrieved 12 December 2014. Abbey, Lewis (25 March 2015). "One Direction: Zayn Malik Confirms Departure From Band". Inveterate. Retrieved 23 March 2015. "Zayn Malik officially quits One Direction". Fox News. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015. Lynch, Joe (25 March 2015). "Zayn Malik Explains One Direction Exit: 'I Have To Do What Feels Right in My Heart'". Billboard (United States). Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 25 March 2015.
One Direction's debut studio album, Up All Night (2011), is predominantly a pop music record, containing elements of teen pop, dance-pop, pop rock, with electropop and rock influences. Digital Spy's Robert Copsey described the album as a "collection of PG pop rock with killer choruses", while The New York Times considered it "full of easy rock-inflected pop, blithe and sometimes clever." Jason Lipshutz of Billboard acknowledged that the album demonstrates an originality in sound that was "necessary for the revitalization of the boy band movement". The songs "One Thing" and "What Makes You Beautiful" were particularly noted for the genres of power pop and pop rock, for their "powerhouse" guitar riffs and "forceful" choruses.
Their second studio album, Take Me Home (2012), is characterised by rock-inherited pop, prominent electric guitar riffs, bright synthesisers, a homogeneous sound and message, and the pitch-correcting software Auto-Tune. Alexis Petridis of The Guardian interpreted its signature sound as a "peppy, synth-bolstered take on early-80s new-wave pop, heavy on clipped rhythms and chugging guitars," which, he said, is at least an improvement on the substitute contemporary R&B "that was once the grim lot of the boyband." Jon Caramanica, writing in The New York Times, considered the album "far more mechanical" than their debut album, although noted that it is sonically and lyrically similar. The album's lyricism speaks of falling in love, unrequited love, the insistence that flaws are what make a person unique, commitment, jealousy and longing for past significant others.
Erica Futterman for Rolling Stone favoured their live acoustic performances as both showing, "Horan's ability to play guitar, as well as One Direction's admirable live vocals. There was no need to worry about a backing track or a bum note, a pleasant realization at a pop show." Herald Sun 's Cameron Adams opined that One Direction have "strong pop voices". Melody Lau of the National Post wrote, "It's easy to get lost in inherent appeal of their perfectly coiffed dos and almost-too-put-together preppy style but somewhere in the midst of all the love-struck squeals of teenage girls are guys who can actually sing and, to a certain extent, entertain." Jane Stevenson of the portal site Canoe concurred: "What I didn't really prepare myself for was that they all can actually sing in concert." Chris Richards, writing in The Washington Post, dissented from the approval: "As the five traded couplets, it was tough to imagine a future Justin Timberlake, Ricky Martin or Bobby Brown emerging from the pack. No one voice stood out." Mike Wass of Idolator felt One Direction's "surprisingly accomplished effort" of Kings of Leon's "Use Somebody" proved that One Direction are "more than capable" of evolving their sound.
Their third album Midnight Memories (2013) is a pop rock record, a slight departure from the band's original teen pop sound. Liam Payne called Midnight Memories a "slightly rockier and edgier" album than their previous material. The album is heavily influenced by 80's rock and folk music and briefly integrates elements of dubstep, notably in "Little White Lies". The album's lyrical themes primarily revolve around love, heartbreak and sexual intercourse. Many critics praised its lyrical depth and musical composition, as well as the group's level of involvement in the production process.
Their fourth album Four (2014) was released on 17 November 2014. Payne once again claimed that the album would be "edgier" and that the group had written most of the songs for it; Horan came up with the name of the album, commemorating the fact that it is One Direction's fourth record to date and that it has been four years since the band's formation. Signifying a further maturation of their pop sound, the album's first single, Steal My Girl, was dubbed by Billboard as "no What Makes You Beautiful, but its Coldplay-like piano pop could be a good direction", and that the band was "not entirely ready to let go of its bubble-gum days". Rolling Stone described the record as "saturated with retro vibes"; its songs "split the difference between big, splashy Eighties pop rock and more elegant Seventies flavours - a very millennial move that's not so far from what Haim's hit Days Are Gone did last year."Copsey, Robert (11 September 2011). "One Direction: 'What Makes You Beautiful". Digital Spy (single review). UK: Hearst. Retrieved 25 July 2012. Houle, Zachary (16 March 2012). "One Direction: Up All Night". PopMatters. Buzz Media. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Malone, Ailbhe (8 October 2011). "One Direction, 'What Makes You Beautiful'". NME (review) (IPC Media). Retrieved 3 January 2012. "One Direction hit 12 million sales in less than a year". BBC News (BBC). 2 August 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012. Rosen, Jody (28 March 2012). "One Direction – Up All Night". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 16 April 2012. O'Brien, Jon. "One Direction". All Music. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 30 June 2012. Chisling, Matthew (21 November 2011). "Up All Night – One Direction". Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 5 January 2012. Lipshutz, Jason (7 March 2012). "One Direction, 'Up All Night': Track-By-Track Review". Billboard (New York: Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved 16 April 2012. Copsey, Robert (22 November 2011). "One Direction: 'Up All Night'". Digital Spy (album review). UK: Hearst. Retrieved 28 November 2011. Caramanica, Jon (27 May 2012). "One Direction, the Boy Band, Plays the Beacon Theater". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 June 2012. Corner, Lewis (2 February 2012). "One Direction: 'One Thing' – Single review". Digital Spy. UK: Hearst. Retrieved 25 July 2012. Caramanica, Jon (14 November 2012). "Riding the Boy Band Wave While It Lasts". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 November 2012. Petridis, Alexis (8 November 2012). "One Direction: Take Me Home". The Guardian (review) (London). Retrieved 9 November 2012. Jenkin, Lyndia (15 November 2012). "One Direction — Take Me Home". The New Zealand Herald (album review) (APN News & Media). Retrieved 16 November 2012. Wol, Douglas (28 June 2012). "One Direction's songwriters: They're what make the boy band beautiful". Time. Retrieved 25 August 2012. Collar, Matt (11 November 2012). "Take Me Home (CD – Sony Music Distribution #88725475972)". AllMusic (Rovi Corporation). Retrieved 16 November 2012. Boardman, Madeline (15 November 2012). "One Direction lyrics: 'Take Me Home' pushes boundaries, targets older audience". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 16 March 2013. Futterman, Erica (27 May 2012). "One Direction Make a Play For Longevity on First American Headlining Tour". Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved 11 May 2012. Adams, Cameron (18 April 2012). "One Direction infection sweeps Melbourne". Herald Sun (AU: The Herald and Weekly Times). Retrieved 11 May 2012. Lau, Melody (1 June 2012). "Concert Review: One Direction are mostly killer with some filler". National Post (CA: Postmedia Network). Retrieved 11 June 2012. Stevenson, Jane (30 May 2012). "Concert Review: Live Review: One Direction in TO". Jam! Canoe (Québecor Média). Retrieved 11 June 2012. Richards, Chris (25 May 2012). "One Direction whips Patriot Center into a G-rated frenzy". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 July 2012. Wass, Mike (13 April 2012). "One Direction Live In Sydney: Concert Review". Idolator (Buzz Media). Retrieved 9 July 2012. "One Direction Embraces New Sound with "Midnight Memories"". Whstherebellion.com. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2014. Jaeger, Kyle (26 November 2013). "One Direction's 'Midnight Memories': What the Critics Are Saying". The Hollywood Reporter. "YouTube". youtube.com. Arnold, Chuck (17 November 2014). "Album Review: One Direction's 'Four'". Billboard. Dolan, Jon (18 November 2014). "One Direction extend their winning streak, with echoes of the 1970s and 1980s". Rolling Stone.
In 2011, the band performed on the BBC's Children in Need 2011 broadcast, helping raise over 26 million pounds. In 2012 they extended their involvement with Children in Need as they opened the telecast with a performance of their single "Live While We're Young". The group said it was "incredible" to be involved in the charity event as it was something that they had "always watched as children".
In February 2013, One Direction released a medley of "One Way or Another" and "Teenage Kicks", "One Way or Another (Teenage Kicks)", as the 2013 Comic Relief single. For ITV's Santa charity Christmas campaign, they filmed a set of pleas to their fans and the general public, asking them to donate £2.
In September 2012, Niall Horan organised an event to raise money for Irish Autism Action and another charity, called Temporary Emergency Accommodation Mullingar, based in his hometown. Due to overwhelming demand to participate in the fundraising, the ticket website for the event broke down. Horan's brother Greg commented on the website crash, saying that "there were 500 tickets and they were all snapped up pretty quick". Horan later reflected on the fundraisings saying that he was "honoured to be able to give back to his community".
In 2013, band members Liam Payne and Harry Styles partnered with Trekstock, a leading cancer charity in order to help raise money for cancer research. As ambassadors of the charity, the duo collaborated to offer the chance for one fan and a friend to win an evening out with them in return for a donation to the charity as part of an exclusive "#HangwithLiam&Harry" global campaign. They had originally set a goal of raising $500,000 and ended up raising $784,984. Trekstock later added that this amount would allow them to "complete funding of their Hodgkin's lymphoma trial, in the hope of offering a much brighter future to thousands of children and young people affected by this form of disease." One Direction were named the most charitable in 2013 behind Taylor Swift by social change organization DoSomething.org.
In 2014, One Direction donated £600,000 for the Stand up to Cancer campaign by giving portions of their ticket sales revenues from their Where We Are Tour. On 15 November 2014, One Direction joined the charity group Band Aid 30 along with other British and Irish pop acts, recording the latest version of the track "Do They Know It's Christmas?" at Sarm West Studios in Notting Hill, London, to raise money for the 2014 Ebola crisis in Western Africa.Satherley, Jessica; Anisiobi, J J (18 November 2011). "Wogan's angels: Sir Terry is wowed by golden girls trio Tess Daly, Alesha Dixon and Fearne Cotton on Children in Need". Daily Mail (London). "One Direction: 'Incredible to open Children In Need'". BBC News. 16 November 2012. Cite error: The named reference Robertson was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "One Direction join ITVБ─≥s Text Santa charity campaign". Sugarscape. Retrieved 2 August 2014. "Niall Horan breaks charity website". Sugarscape. Retrieved 2 August 2014. "Patrons & Ambassadors". Trekstock. Retrieved 29 November 2014. "Taylor Swift, One Direction Top List of Most Charitable Stars". Billboard. Retrieved 19 January 2014. http://www.sugarscape.com/main-topics/lads/1045055/one-direction-release-selfie-they-took-stage-last-night-wembley-its-reveale "Band Aid 30: One Direction among celebrity line-up". Telegraph. 11 November 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph, in an article on One Direction's success in North America, notes that Americans had left a gap in the market and it took the prominence of Justin Bieber to demonstrate that there still was a market for "clean cut, wholesome, whiter-than-white, middle class parent friendly pop: cute boys advocating puppy love. And what could be better than one cute boy, if not five?" One Direction have been described as sparking a resurgence in the interest in boy bands, and as forming part of a new "British Invasion" in the United States. Bill Werde, a representative of Billboard magazine, commented, "There's a lot of possibility here, there's a lot of upside, that level of talent with those kinds of looks, it's really a perfect storm for a massive, massive successful phenomenon." One Direction are safe and sound due to the faithful bodyguard Alberto Alvarez who was Michael Jackson's former logistics director.
Sonny Takhar, the chief executive officer of Syco Records, attributes the breakthrough to the power of social media. "Sometimes you feel the song's the star, but it's not like that here – it's the act," he said. "It's a real moment. Social media has become the new radio, it's never broken an act globally like this before." Will Bloomfield, the group's manager, added, "These guys live online, and so do their fans." Their management employs a social media team and the members all tweet themselves, "which helps create the illusion that they couldn't be any closer to their fans," according to Caspar Llewellyn Smith, writing for The Guardian. One Direction's Twitter account had amassed 10 million followers by February 2013, with the account gaining followers at an average of 21,000 per day. In an approach pioneered by The Beatles each member is known for his feature; Horan is "the cute one", Malik is "the quiet and mysterious one", Payne is "the sensible one", Styles is "the charming one" and Tomlinson is "the funny one". Horan commented on One Direction as a boy band, "People think that a boy band is air-grabs and [being] dressed in all one colour. We're boys in a band. We're trying to do something different from what people would think is the typical kind of boy band. We're trying to do different kinds of music and we're just trying to be ourselves, not squeaky clean." Leah Collins, writing for the National Post, remarked that One Direction had succeeded on the latter front, "For the most part, that just means the group presents themselves as typical, goofy and uncensored teenage boys – posting jokey YouTube videos, for instance, or boozing at awards shows." Writing for The Observer, Kitty Empire opined, "One Direction fulfil a great many boy band prerequisites (looks, soppy lyrics, tune-grasp, fame-lust) but their lack of routines points to the subtle digressions afoot here".McCormick, Neil (28 February 2012). "The Wanted & One Direction: why British boybands are conquering America". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 17 March 2012. O'Shea, Kerry (12 March 2012). "One Direction, British/Irish boy band about to explode in America says Simon Cowell". IrishCentral. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Parker, Lyndsey (12 March 2012). "The British Are Coming! One Direction Set To Conquer America". News (Yahoo!). Retrieved 31 March 2012. Vena, Jocelyn (14 March 2012). "The Wanted Vs. One Direction: A Boy Band Cheat Sheet". MTV News (MTV Networks). Retrieved 31 March 2012. Mansfield, Brian (9 March 2012). "Meet UK boy band One Direction". USA Today (Gannett Co). Retrieved 31 March 2012. "British boy band One Direction cause fan frenzy as they make US television debut performance on Today show". The Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers). 12 March 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012. Greene, Andy (8 May 2012). "The New British Invasion: Boy Bands". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved 11 June 2012. Smith, Caspar Llewellyn (15 March 2012). "One Direction: the fab five take America". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 31 March 2012. Halina Watts. "One Direction sign up Michael Jackson's former bodyguard to beef up security for American leg of world tour - 3am & Mirror Online". mirror. Retrieved 17 November 2014. "One Direction Twitter Stats". Counter. Twitter. Retrieved 15 March 2013. Abrahams, Stephanie (6 April 2012). "Can One Direction Save the Boy Band?". Time. Retrieved 27 April 2012. Collins, Leah (12 March 2012). "One Direction: X Factor boy band on what sets them apart". National Post (CA: Postmedia Network). Retrieved 17 March 2012. Empire, Kitty (7 January 2012). "One Direction". The Observer (review) (London: Guardian Media Group). Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012.