Biography All Music GuideWikipedia
All Music Guide:
Soul diva Patti LaBelle enjoyed one of the longest-lived careers in contemporary music, notching hits in a variety of sounds ranging from girl group pop to space-age funk to lush ballads. Born Patricia Holt in Philadelphia on May 24, 1944, she grew up singing in a local Baptist choir, and in 1960 teamed with friend Cindy Birdsong to form a group called the Ordettes. A year later, following the additions of vocalists Nona Hendryx and Sarah Dash, the group was rechristened the Blue Belles; with producer Bobby Martin at helm, they scored a Top 20 pop and R&B hit in 1962 with the single "I Sold My Heart to the Junkman," subsequently hitting the charts in 1964 with renditions of "Danny Boy" and "You'll Never Walk Alone."
In 1965, the quartet -- now known as Patti LaBelle & the Bluebelles -- signed to Atlantic, where they earned a minor hit with their version of the standard "Somewhere Over the Rainbow." The group's Atlantic tenure was largely disappointing, however, and in 1967 Birdsong replaced Florence Ballard in the Supremes. The remaining trio toured the so-called "chitlin circuit" for the remainder of the decade before signing on with British manager Vicki Wickham in 1970; Wickham renamed the group simply LaBelle and pushed their music in a funkier, rock-oriented direction, and in the wake of their self-titled 1971 Warner Bros. debut they even toured with the Who. (The trio also collaborated with Laura Nyro on her superb R&B-influenced album Gonna Take a Miracle.)
By 1973, LaBelle had gone glam, taking the stage in wildly theatrical, futuristic costumes; a year later they became the first African-American act ever to appear at New York's Metropolitan Opera House, a landmark performance that also introduced their lone chart-topping single, the Allen Toussaint-produced classic "Lady Marmalade." However, after two more albums -- 1975's Phoenix and the following year's Chameleon -- LaBelle disbanded, and its namesake mounted a solo career, issuing her eponymous debut in 1977. In addition to subsequent releases including 1979's It's Alright with Me and 1980's Released, LaBelle also turned to acting, co-starring in a 1982 Broadway revival of Your Arms to Short to Box with God.
Upon signing with the Philadephia International label, LaBelle scored a number one R&B hit with "If You Only Knew," from 1983's I'm in Love Again. Two years later, she reached the pop Top 20 with her Beverly Hills Cop soundtrack contribution "New Attitude." Her subsequent MCA debut, 1986's The Winner in You, went platinum on the strength of the Burt Bacharach-penned "On My Own," a duet with Michael McDonald, while the follow-up, 1989's Be Yourself, featured a pair of cuts written by Prince. Released in 1991, Burnin' earned a Grammy for Best Female R&B Performance. LaBelle recorded less and less frequently in the years to follow, in 1995 publishing her autobiography, Don't Block the Blessings: Revelations of a Lifetime. She returned five years later to release When a Woman Loves and then signed to Def Soul for 2004's Timeless Journey and 2005's all-covers Classic Moments. In 2007 the holiday album Miss Patti's Christmas appeared, while 2008 saw the release of Live in Washington D.C., a live album recorded in 1982.
Patricia Louise Holte-Edwards (born May 23, 1944), better known under the stage name Patti LaBelle, is an American singer, author, and actress who has spent over 50 years in the music industry. LaBelle spent 16 years as lead singer of Patti LaBelle and the Bluebelles, who changed their name to Labelle in the early 1970s and released the iconic disco song "Lady Marmalade". Labelle are also noted for being the first African American group to play at the prestigious Metropolitan Opera House and the first African American vocal group to land the cover of Rolling Stone magazine.
Her solo career began shortly after the group disbanded in 1977 with the release of her self-titled and critically acclaimed debut album. In 1982 Labelle achieved her first #1 RnB hit with If Only You Knew, while in 1984 she crossed over to pop music with singles such as "New Attitude" and "Stir It Up", both becoming pop radio staples. She continued her success with the number single "On My Own" which was taken from her platinum selling album Winner in You as well as 1989's "If You Asked Me To". With the release of her 10th album Burnin' in 1991 Patti Labelle earned her first Grammy. She maintained commercial appeal and gained a younger audience with albums such as 1994's Gems and 1997's Flame. In 1998 Patti Labelle earned her second Grammy award for her Live! One Night Only C.D. Her 2004 release Timeless Journey earned her another top 5 RnB album, while in 2008 Labelle reunited as a group after over 32 years releasing the acclaimed Back to Now which was followed by a successful reunion tour.
She has been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, the Hollywood Walk of Fame, the Apollo Hall of Fame, and the Songwriters' Hall of Fame. The World Music Awards presented her with the coveted Legend Award. She has sold over 50 million records worldwide and possesses the vocal range of a soprano. Patti LaBelle is also commonly identified as the "Godmother of Soul", the "High Priestess of Good Vibrations", and the "Queen of Rock "n" Soul". "Patti LaBelle News, Pictures, and Videos". Tmz.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29. Tricker, Spencer (22 July 2008). "Patti LaBelle: The Essential Patti La Belle / Live In Washington, D.C.". Popmatters. Retrieved 17 April 2012.  Patti LaBelle. "Patti LaBelle Def Jam". Defjam.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29. "Queen Of Rock 'N' Soul On Hollywood Walk Of Fame - Orlando Sentinel". Articles.orlandosentinel.com. 1993-03-08. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
Patricia Louise Holte was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on May 23, 1944. Her father, Henry Holte (alternatively, Holt), was a railroad worker and lounge singer. Her mother, Bertha Holte, was a domestic and housewife. Patti was third of four daughters (Vivian, Barbara, and Jacqueline). She recalls having a happy childhood but said her parents had an unhappy marriage. When she was twelve, her parents split up and Bertha Holte raised her daughters as a single mother. Her mother later adopted Claudette Grant, who would become one of Patricia's closest friends.
Despite her shyness, she was known for her gifted voice even as a child. After first joining her church choir at ten, she sang her first solo at the Beulah Baptist Church at twelve. Growing up, Holte listened not only to gospel, but jazz and rhythm and blues. By her teens, "Patsy", as friends and family called her, also began listening to doo-wop and was encouraged to form a girl group in the late fifties. In 1958, she formed The Ordettes with three other friends. The following year, when two members of the group dropped out, singers Nona Hendryx and Sarah Dash, from a former rival group, joined them. Eventually with Cindy Birdsong included in the lineup by 1961 and with respected music impresario Bernard Montague managing them, the group gained a reputation around Philadelphia and soon caught the eye of a record scout, who introduced them to Newtown Records president Harold Robinson.
After hearing Holte's voice during an audition, Robinson, who nearly ditched the group due to their looks — he allegedly thought Holte was "too plain and dark" to lead a singing group - agreed to sign the group, renaming them The Blue Belles (the name would simply be "The Bluebelles" by the mid‑1960s), after a Newtown subsidiary label."Patti LaBelle Biography (1944-)". .com. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
ContentsCareer1.1 Early career1.2 Labelle1.3 Solo career1.4 Later career
Not long after that, the group made a hit single, "I Sold My Heart to the Junkman", though the song was actually recorded by another girl group, the Chicago-based The Starlets. This led to a lawsuit by a manager of the group and its record label boss, later resulting in the group winning $5,000 in damages. "I Sold My Heart to the Junkman" eventually reached the Billboard' top 20. Despite this credited success, the group could not follow up with any other hit. The Blue Belles supported themselves by constantly touring including an appearance at the Apollo Theater.
In 1963 a record label executive sued Harold Robinson for use of the name "Blue Belles", since another group was using the name. As a result, Robinson gave Holte the nickname, Patti La Belle (La Belle is French for "the beautiful one") and the group's name was altered to "Patti La Belle and Her Blue Belles". A year later, the group left Newtown switching over to Cameo-Parkway Records after they had their final Newtown hit "Down the Aisle (The Wedding Song)" (also released on King). Their Cameo-Parkway hits included "You'll Never Walk Alone" and "Danny Boy".
In 1965 Atlantic Records president Ahmet Ertegun signed the group to the label, working with the group for a year. The group issued their first studio album (as Patti LaBelle and the Bluebelles) entitled Somewhere Over the Rainbow in 1966. While they had a modest pop-charted hit with "All or Nothing" and its b‑side, a pop cover of Judy Garland's "Over The Rainbow", the group was not as successful as the label predicted. In 1967, their second release, Dreamer, issued two singles, "Take Me For A Little While" and the Curtis Mayfield standard "I'm Still Waiting". In the middle of touring for that album, Cindy Birdsong suddenly left the group to join The Supremes, replacing Florence Ballard. The remaining trio of LaBelle, Nona Hendryx and Sarah Dash struggled with subsequent recordings and by 1970, Atlantic had dropped the group from its roster, as had longtime manager Bernard Montague, who had by now focused his full energy on more successful Philly groups such as The Delfonics and The Stylistics.
After almost signing a management deal with Frankie Crocker and Herb Hamlett, the group settled on British manager Vicki Wickham (producer of the UK pop show Ready, Steady, Go!) after Dusty Springfield had mentioned signing them. Wickham advised the group to perform in London and work on a brand new image and sound. LaBelle would later have disagreements with Wickham over changes often saying in interviews that she liked things the way they were. This led to some musical disagreements between LaBelle and Nona Hendryx.
LabelleMain article: Labelle
In late 1970, the group returned to the United States changing their name to Labelle and signing a contract with MCA imprint, Track Records. Wickham then had the group open for rock group The Who. In 1971 the group released their debut, Labelle. The record mixed harder-edged soul music with rock music elements, a marked departure from the doo-wop sound of the Blue Belles. The album failed to catch on, as did their 1972 follow-up, Moon Shadow. The group, however, did find success singing alongside Laura Nyro on her acclaimed album, Gonna Take a Miracle. The group would tour with Nyro off and on for the next couple of years.
In 1973 Wickham had the group signed to RCA Records, in Chicago where they recorded the Pressure Cookin' album. In the middle of recording, LaBelle gave birth to her only child, Zuri. While promoting the album opening for The Rolling Stones, Wickham advised the group to adapt the same flamboyant costumes of rock artists such as T. Rex, Elton John, and David Bowie. Soon, their own stage entrances started to take a life on its own, at one point the group members flew into the concert stage, while singing. Despite this change in direction, their third album failed to become a success. However, a scout for Epic Records advised the group to sign with them in 1974 at the end of the Rolling Stones tour.
Later that year, Labelle issued their most acclaimed album, Nightbirds. In October 1974, the group made history by becoming the first pop group to perform at the Metropolitan Opera House. In late December, Epic issued the single "Lady Marmalade". Within six months, the record became a smash hit and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100, the group's first to do so. This helped their album sell over a million copies. Their fame was so massive during this time that they made the cover of Rolling Stone magazine later in 1975.
Later in 1975, the group issued their follow-up, Phoenix, which did not quite catch on as fast though it was critically raved. They had a little more success with the Chameleon album in 1976, with the songs "Get You Somebody New" and "Isn't It A Shame"; the latter song Patti LaBelle would say was "the last record we ever did together". Despite her success, LaBelle was not pleased at the group's direction and by late 1976, neither LaBelle, Dash, nor Hendryx could agree on a musical direction. Following a concert in Baltimore in December 1976, LaBelle advised the others to break up.
LaBelle released her self-titled album in 1977 on Epic. The record was a critical success, with the highlights being the dance singles "Joy To Have Your Love" and "Dan Swit Me", and the pop-R&B ballad "You Are My Friend", a song she and her husband co‑wrote. Her subsequent follow-ups, however, 1978's Tasty, 1979's It's Alright with Me, and 1980s Released, failed to be as successful. Though well-established in some circles, LaBelle never followed her live performance success with hit records, which was often the case with the Bluebelles. In 1981, she was switched to the CBS subsidiary, Philadelphia International Records, issuing the album The Spirit's In It.
LaBelle found success outside music, performing in the Broadway revival of Your Arms Too Short to Box with God, with Al Green. However, the play was criticized for what critics felt was vocal showboating by Green and LaBelle, criticism that LaBelle did not take lightly. In 1982 she recorded the Grover Washington ballad "The Best Is Yet To Come", which led to her first top-20 R&B hit and her first Grammy nomination in the spring of 1983. Later that year, LaBelle appeared in the PBS-produced play Working. In October 1983, the mid-tempo love song "If Only You Knew" was released. The parent album, I'm in Love Again, was released the following month. In January 1984, "If Only You Knew" reached number-one on the Hot R&B Singles chart, where it stayed for four weeks. The song became LaBelle's first charted hit on the Billboard Hot 100 as a solo artist, reaching the lower regions of the top fifty, peaking at number 46. The success of that single and its similar-sounding follow-up, "Love, Need and Want You", which reached number 10 on the R&B chart, helped I'm in Love Again reach gold in the United States.
Later in 1984, LaBelle appeared in her first film, A Soldier's Story. In the fall of 1984, LaBelle recorded the songs, "New Attitude" and "Stir It Up", later issued for the soundtrack of Beverly Hills Cop, released in December 1984. The soundtrack became a hit, thanks to the releases of "New Attitude" and "Stir It Up". The former single reached as high as number 17 on the Hot 100 and was number 1 on the Hot Dance Club Songs chart in the spring of 1985, introducing LaBelle to pop audiences. In 1985 LaBelle left Philadelphia International signing a lucrative contract with MCA. PIR issued the final contractual LaBelle album, Patti. The album was not successful.
LaBelle garnered headlines in 1985 for her showstopping performances, first at Motown Returns to the Apollo where she opened the show with Joe Cocker singing You Are So Beautiful in which she received very high praise. In the same show she engaged in the so-called "infamous mic toss" between her and Diana Ross during the show's finale, to the Foreigner song, "I Want to Know What Love Is". LaBelle later alleged that Ross grabbed the microphone away from LaBelle following her taking over the lead, though someone else gave LaBelle another microphone where she finished singing. That same year, LaBelle was accused again of showboating, after singing in the finale of Live Aid to "We Are the World" so loud that she sounded as the only audible singer. Due to this press, she was given her own television special later that fall. Because of these performances, Patti gained even more mainstream popularity culminating in the release of LaBelle's eighth album, 1986's Winner in You, which peaked at number 1 on the Billboard 200 on the strength of the pop hit "On My Own", a duet with singer Michael McDonald. The song became LaBelle's first number-1 hit since "Lady Marmalade" and her highest-selling album. Winner in You eventually sold a million copies, becoming platinum. It remains her best-selling album. LaBelle took a break in 1988, re-emerging with Be Yourself, in 1989. The album went gold thanks to LaBelle's soft rock ballad, "If You Asked Me To", which also was the song for the final credits in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. In 1989 LaBelle also sang the role of "The Acid Queen" in The Who's star-studded performance of TOMMY in Los Angeles.
Her 1991 album, Burnin', resulted in LaBelle's first Grammy win in 1992 for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, an honor she shared with noted singer Lisa Fischer. This was the first instance of a 'tie' in Grammy history and caused controversy. Burnin' spawned three top ten hits on Billboard's R&B chart and also went on to sell half a million copies, becoming her third gold album. Her 1994 album, Gems and 1997 follow-up, Flame, also were certified gold and LaBelle's 1990s singles, "The Right Kinda Lover" and "When You Talk About Love" hit number 1 on the dance charts. She won a second Grammy in 1998 for her live album, One Night Only! Following the announcement of the end of her marriage to her husband, Armstead Edwards, who also dismissed himself as LaBelle's manager after more than 20 years, LaBelle released the ballad-heavy When A Woman Loves album in 2000. She would not release another album until, after signing with the Def Jam Records imprint, Def Soul Classics, she released Timeless Journey, in 2004. The album became her highest-charted album in eighteen years. In 2005 a follow-up album, Classic Moments, was released. Shortly after, LaBelle left Def Jam Records in 2006 over a public dispute with Antonio "L.A." Reid. She released her first gospel album, The Gospel According to Patti LaBelle on the Bungalo label, the album later peaking at number 1 on Billboard′s gospel album chart. She returned to Def Jam in 2007 and released her second holiday album, Miss Patti's Christmas. As of 2011, LaBelle has yet to release a new solo album. In 2008, LaBelle briefly reunited with Nona Hendryx and Sarah Dash as Labelle on the group's first new album in over thirty years, Back to Now.
Following her roles in A Soldier's Story and Sing, LaBelle won a recurring role as Kadeem Hardison's mother on the hit show, A Different World. In 1992 following her success on the sitcom and responding to the success of rapper Will Smith's Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, LaBelle starred in her own sitcom, Out All Night. The show was cancelled after only 19 episodes. In 1993 she earned a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and two years afterwards, performed at the Super Bowl half-time show. For a period, LaBelle's theme song for The Oprah Winfrey Show, entitled "Get With the Program", proved to be popular along with its catchphrase. In 2002, LaBelle appears in the 44th Grammy Awards ceremony in a performance of the new version of "Lady Marmalade", with Christina Aguilera, Lil' Kim, Mýa and Pink. In 2003, LaBelle participates in the tribute organized by the Spanish Television network Telemundo to the Cuban singer and legend of the Latin music Celia Cruz, singing with Gloria Estefan. In 2003 she starred in her own lifestyle show, Livin' It Up With Patti LaBelle, which aired for three years on the TV-One channel. In 1996 LaBelle issued her autobiography, Don't Block the Blessings. She released her first of five cookbooks in 1997, and in 2006, released the book Patti's Pearls. In addition, LaBelle began to sell collections of spices, lipstick and even wigs on her website. Her wig collection, Especially Yours, was sold for some time but has since stopped.
On September 14, 2010, LaBelle made a return two decades after her last Broadway performance to star in the award-winning musical Fela! about Afrobeat legend Fela Anikulapo-Kuti. LaBelle replaced Tony Award-nominee Lillias White as Fela's mother, Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti, and remained with the production through the end of its run on January 2, 2011. On May 23, 2011, LaBelle appeared on "Oprah's Farewell Spectacular, Part 1" the first show in a series of three shows constituting the finale of The Oprah Winfrey Show, singing "Over the Rainbow" with Josh Groban. LaBelle was honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the BET Awards on June 26, 2011.
She performed for President Barack Obama at the 9/11 tribute, singing "Two Steps Away". She received a standing ovation, after she walked away from the microphone and continued to be heard. On December 21, 2011, she appeared on an episode of the Bravo television series Top Chef, surprising the ten remaining chefs after their "Quickfire" challenge. A shortened version of "Lady Marmalade" was in the broadcast, which was filmed in Austin, Texas. She then served as a guest judge on the episode. On January 2, 2012, she performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" at the NHL Winter Classic between the New York Rangers and Philadelphia Flyers at Citizens Bank Park. In February 2012, LaBelle honored Mariah Carey singing Carey's hit single "Hero" at that year's BET Honors.
In August 2013 the singer performed the socially conscious track What Can I Do For You on the Tonight Show with Jay Leno which included the high profiled guest Barack Obama.
In October 2013 Mariah Carey took the stage at the 2013 Black Girls Rock! event to honor Patti LaBelle with the evening’s Living Legend award.
Patti LaBelle and Aretha Franklin headlined the “Women of Soul: In Performance at the White House” concert hosted by First Lady Michelle Obama at the White House, recorded March 6, 2014. Melissa Etheridge, Janelle Monáe, Ariana Grande, Tessanne Chin, and Jill Scott also performed.
Patti LaBelle performed alongside Gladys Knight and Fantasia at the 68th Tony Awards.
On June 10, 2014, Patti LaBelle once again returned to broadway as the cast and creative team of the Tony Award-nominated smash hit Broadway musical After Midnight, welcomed her as 'Special Guest Star'."Musician Guide Biography: Patti LaBelle". Retrieved 2009-09-02. "PATTI LABELLE VS. ANTONIO 'LA' REID: Did mogul pull artists out of her all-star birthday celebration?". EURweb. October 18, 2005. Campbell, Dwayne (December 15, 2006). "Patti LaBelle's first gospel album recalls her Baptist roots". The Philadelphia Inquirer. "Renowned Multiple Grammy Award-Winner Patti Labelle Joins Cast Of Award-Winning Broadway Musical Fela!". Fusemix.com. Retrieved 2011-12-22. "Patti LaBelle Will Step into Fela! in September; Musical to Close in January". Playbill.com. Retrieved 2011-12-22. "Josh Groban and Patti LaBelle's Duet - Oprah's Farewell Spectacular". Oprah.com. 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2011-12-22.  Kimelman, Adam (January 2, 2012). "Legendary performer LaBelle ready for anthem first". NHL.com. National Hockey League. Retrieved January 2, 2012. "Mariah Carey Dazzles at 'Black Girls Rock!' While Honoring Patti LaBelle". Lovebscott.com. 2013-10-27. Retrieved 2014-07-29. "Aretha Franklin, Patti LaBelle and Ariana Grande White House Gig to Air April 7 @ARTISTdirect". Artistdirect.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29. "Tony Awards performance: Fantasia, Gladys Knight and Patti LaBelle join 'After Midnight' cast (Video)". Goldderby.com. 2014-06-08. Retrieved 2014-07-29. "BWW TV: Grammy Winner Patti LaBelle Joins Broadway's AFTER MIDNIGHT!". Broadwayworld.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
A longtime resident of Philadelphia, LaBelle currently lives in the Philadelphia suburb, Wynnewood, Pennsylvania. In 1969, she married Armstead Edwards. In July 1973, their first and only child, Zuri Kye Edwards, was born. In the late 1970s, Labelle and Edwards adopted two teenage boys, Stanley and Dodd, the children of their next-door neighbor, after their mother died of cancer. Following the death of her youngest sister Jackie Padgett, the couple raised Padgett's teenage children. Following the disbanding of the group Labelle in 1976, Edwards, who was a schoolteacher, took over as his wife's manager. In 2000, the couple announced their separation. Their divorce was finalized in 2003. LaBelle's son Zuri has since taken over as her manager.
Her youngest sister Jackie Padgett became president of her sister's fan club in the early 1980s. When Jackie later died of lung cancer in 1989, Patti dedicated her 1991 album, Burnin', to Jackie and filmed the video for "If You Asked Me To" a day after her funeral. Her two other sisters, Vivian and Barbara predeceased Jackie. LaBelle was diagnosed with diabetes in 1995. Prior to her marriage to Edwards, LaBelle was once engaged to The Temptations singer Otis Williams, breaking it off owing to conflicting schedules.
In June 2011, a West Point cadet filed a civil suit against LaBelle after he was allegedly assaulted by her bodyguards. LaBelle and her entourage were on their way to a gig in Louisiana when Richard King, a 23-year-old West Point Cadet who was on spring break and had been drinking before, during, and after his flight from Newark, approached her limousine. He then verbally attacked the LaBelle and exchanged heated words with her son Zuri Edwards, who was working as her driver at the time. King punched Edwards, and Holmes stepped in, striking King several times. According to court documents, King's intoxication level was almost 3.5 times the Texas legal limit that day. Initially, he could not remember what happened and authorities reported him as the aggressor, but no one from LaBelle's team pressed charges. Later, King was given a suspension from the U.S. Military Academy, and once his family saw the surveillance video, they sued LaBelle and Holmes for assault, seeking $1 million in civil court. LaBelle filed a counter suit. Efrem Holmes, the bodyguard for Patti LaBelle, was acquitted of misdemeanor assault on November 12, 2013, a charge stemming from the 2011 incident at George Bush International Airport in Houston."Patti LaBelle's Bodyguard Acquitted of Airport Assault | News". BET. Retrieved 2014-07-29.
As lead singer of the idiosyncratic group Labelle, Patti LaBelle has been called one of the pioneers of the disco movement due to singles such as "Lady Marmalade" and "Messin' With My Mind". In turn, "Lady Marmalade" has been also called one of the first mainstream disco hits (Jones and Kantonen, 1999). Rolling Stones Magazine includes LaBelle in its 100 Greatest Singers List, citing her as an influencing factor to "generations of soul singers" including Luther Vandross, Alicia Keys, Beyoncé, Mary J. Blige and Christina Aguilera. Other singers who have been inspired by Patti LaBelle include Ashford & Simpson, Celine Dion, Donna Summer, SWV, Coko, Tanya Blount, Jennifer Hudson, Jody Watley, Macy Gray, Mariah Carey, Martha Wash, Paula Abdul, Fantasia Barrino, Whitney Houston, and Ariana Grande as well as Oleta Adams, and Regina Belle."Patti LaBelle: 100 Greatest Singers". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-10-15. "Patti LaBelle". Retrieved 2012-10-15. "Patti LaBelle". Retrieved 2012-10-15.