Radha and Jayalakshmi, popularly known as Radha Jayalakshmi (Tamil: ராதா ஜெயலட்சுமி), were Indian Carnatic music vocalist duo as well as playback singers in films in the 1940s and 1950s, before they became music teachers. The person who does the playback singing is Jayalakshmi but was named as Radha Jayalakshmi in the cine field. Actually, Radha was her cousin sister and singing partner on the stage performances. They were early singers in the trend of duo singing in Carnatic music, which started in the 1950s, with performers like Soolamangalam Sisters, and later continued by Bombay Sisters, Ranjani-Gayatri and Priya Sisters.
The duo was awarded the 1981 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in Carnatic Music – Vocal, given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama
Vidushi Jayalakshmi died in Chennai on 27 May 2014."Sisters in song". The Hindu. 30 January 2010. "SNA: List of Akademi Awardees". Sangeet Natak Akademi Official website. "Vidushi Jayalakshmi is no more".
Early life and training
Radha and Jayalakshmi were from G. N. Balasubramaniam school, where they learned classical vocal music from the noted vocalist and teacher himself."GNB, the good friend". The Hindu. 23 May 2003.
She had rendered her 'ringing' trained, cultured sweet voice in Tamil, Malayalam, Telugu and Kannada movies from the late 1940s till the end of the 1950s.
On rare occasion she had movies in her credit in the 1960s and 1970s.
In Deivam, Kunnakkudi Vaidyanathan had Radha and Jayalakshmi to render Thiruchendooril Por Purindhu, the song set in Thiruthani. This is perhaps the only film song to be sung by Radha of the duo.
Now they have stopped giving performances. But they are good teachers. They have performed throughout India. Shanmukhapriya and Haripriya, popularly known as the Priya Sisters, were their students.
Music composers she sang for
In the 50s, many music directors gave her memorable songs, including K. V. Mahadevan, S. M. Subbaiah Naidu, G. Govindarajulu Naidu, T. G. Lingappa, G. Ramanathan, Vedha, C. N. Pandurangan, S. Balachander, S. V. Venkatraman, Chittor V. Nagaiah, H. R. Pathmanaba Sastiri, Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy, M. S. Gnanamani, Adepalli Rama Rao, G. K. Venkatesh, G. Devarajan and Shankar-Ganesh.
Playback singers she sang with
She sang immemorable duets mostly with T. M. Soundararajan, Seerkazhi Govindarajan and A. M. Rajah. Others are T. A. Mothi, Ghantasala, S. Balachander, Thiruchi Loganathan, K. R. Ramaswamy and Pithapuram Nageswara Rao.
She also sang duets with female singers with most notably with P. Leela and Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi. Others are M. L. Vasanthakumari, N. L. Ganasaraswathi, T. V. Rathinam, K. Ranee, S. Varalakshmi and Jikki."We owe it to Radha-Jayalakshmi". The Hindu. 4 April 2008. Retrieved 18 May 2010.
Jayalakshmi, one of the duo, passed away, aged 82, in Chennai on 26 May 2014."Carnatic singer dead in Chennai". The Hindu. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.