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Wielding a rich, deep voice, Rick Astley became an overnight sensation in the late '80s with his well-crafted dance-pop. Astley was discovered by producer Pete Waterman in 1985, when the Merseyside native was singing in the English soul band FBI. After that, Waterman's production team -- Stock, Aitken & Waterman -- took Astley under their wing, writing and producing such impeccably crafted pop singles as "Never Gonna Give You Up" and "Together Forever." After two hugely successful albums in the U.S. and the U.K., Astley grew tired of being labeled Stock, Aitken & Waterman's "puppet" and severed his connections with the team; he resurfaced in 1991 with the soul-injected Free, which contained the Top Ten hit "Cry for Help."
Free didn't fare as well as its two predecessors, however, and the follow-up effort, Body & Soul, was an outright flop. Astley retired from music shortly thereafter, only to return in the 2000s with several new releases. He also became the subject of "Rickrolling," an Internet phenomenon involving the video for "Never Gonna Give You Up" and a series of bait and switch tactics.
Richard Paul "Rick" Astley (/ˈɪ ˈæ/; born 6 February 1966) is an English singer-songwriter, musician, and radio personality. He is known for his 1987 song, "Never Gonna Give You Up", which was a No. 1 hit single in 25 countries. Astley holds the record for being the only male solo artist to have his first 8 singles reach the Top 10 in the UK and by retirement in 1993 had sold approximately 40 million records worldwide.
After retiring from the music industry in 1993, Astley made a comeback in 2007 when he became an Internet phenomenon, as his video for "Never Gonna Give You Up" became part of a popular Internet meme known as "rickrolling". Astley was voted "Best Act Ever" by Internet users at the MTV Europe Music Awards 2008."Biography". Mike Stock Music. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Rickastley.com – Biography. Retrieved 28 April 2010. US (29 July 2008). "Rick Astley". MySpace.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. Shropshire Star.com – 7 June 2008. Retrieved 28 January 2010. Liverpool Echo – 12 November 2007. Retrieved 28 January 2010. Rick Biografia. VH1 Spañol (undated). Retrieved 27 December 2006. "Astley shortlisted for MTV award". BBC News. 2 October 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008.
Richard Paul Astley was born on 6 February 1966 in Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, England, the fourth child of his family. His parents divorced when he was five, and Astley was brought up by his father. His musical career started when he was ten, singing in the local church choir. During his schooldays, Astley formed and played the drums in a number of local bands, where he met guitarist David Morris. After leaving school at sixteen, Astley was employed during the day as a driver in his father's market-gardening business and played drums on the Northern club circuit at night in bands such as Give Way – specialising in covering Beatles and Shadows songs – and FBI, which won several local talent competitions."Rick Astley: The pop idol returns". London: The Independent. 13 October 2005. Retrieved 16 May 2010. "Rick Astley – About". lookstudio.com. Retrieved 16 May 2010. Cite error: The named reference RickBio was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference BBC12523570 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
§Signing to Stock Aitken Waterman
In 1985, Astley was performing as a drummer with a soul band named FBI, with Morris on guitar. They were a well-known local band writing and performing their own music, gigging in pubs and clubs. When FBI's lead singer left the band, and Morris left to concentrate on his career in hairdressing, Astley offered to be the lead vocalist. This was when he was noticed by the record producer Pete Waterman, who persuaded him to come to London to work at the PWL recording studio, with RCA Records publishing his records. Under the tutelage of the production team of Mike Stock, Matt Aitken and Pete Waterman, known as Stock Aitken Waterman, Astley was taught about the recording process and groomed for his future career, supposedly starting off as the recording studio "tea boy". The reason for Astley to be hired initially as a "tape op" was to overcome his shyness. SAW also hired most of FBI, including Morris as a guitarist/songwriter."MP David Morris on his journey from pop to politics". BBC. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2011. Cite error: The named reference RickBio was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "YouTube – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up (1987)". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 11 February 2010. "YouTube – Rick Astley Interview in 1987 (TVam) (1987)". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 14 May 2010.
His first single was the little-known "When You Gonna", released as a collaboration with Lisa Carter, with little promotion. It did not chart. His first solo offering was "Never Gonna Give You Up", recorded on New Year's Day 1987, and released eight months later, in August. Astley's distinctive rich, deep voice combined with dance-pop, made the song an immediate success, spending five weeks at the top of the British charts and becoming the year's highest-selling single. The song was also a worldwide number one hit, topping the charts in 24 other countries, including the U.S., Australia, and Germany. It would become the first of 13 (worldwide) top 30 hit singles for him. "Never Gonna Give You Up" won Best British single at the 1988 BPI awards (now called the BRIT Awards), and he performed the hit in front of a global audience of 100 million.
His next single was "Whenever You Need Somebody", which was released in October. The single was a recycled Stock, Aitken, Waterman song, originally recorded by O'Chi Brown in 1985. It became a successful European hit, reaching No. 1 in seven countries, including Germany and Sweden, following up the success of his debut single. It also reached No. 3 in the UK. It was not released in North America.
In November 1987, the album Whenever You Need Somebody, containing four Astley-written tracks, also reached number one in the UK and Australia, and No. 10 in the U.S. It was certified 4x Platinum in the UK and Canada, and 2x Platinum in the US. Overall Whenever You Need Somebody sold 15.2 million copies worldwide, making him the top-selling British act of the year.
In December 1987, Astley released a cover version of the Nat King Cole classic "When I Fall in Love". This single is mainly remembered for a closely fought contest for UK Christmas Number 1. Rivals EMI, hoping to see their act the Pet Shop Boys reach No. 1, re-released the version by Nat King Cole. This led to a slowdown of purchases of Astley's version, allowing the Pet Shop Boys to reach the coveted top spot. Despite selling over 200,000 copies and gaining a Silver certification from the BPI, it peaked in the UK at No. 2 for two weeks. The re-release of Nat King Cole's version reached No. 4. The B side was a dance number "My Arms Keep Missing You", which was successful in mainland Europe.
Astley's fourth single release would be "Together Forever" in 1988, reaching No. 2 in the UK. It was denied the top spot by Neighbours sensation Kylie Minogue's debut "I Should Be So Lucky". "Together Forever" was more successful state-side, topping the U.S charts, making it his second U.S chart topper, which meant Astley was one of the few British acts to crack the American market. In 1989 he was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best New Artist, but lost to Tracy Chapman.
His fifth and final release from his debut album was "It Would Take a Strong Strong Man". It was a more soulful song, when compared to his other releases, and was mainly intended for the North American market. Thus, it was not released in Britain. It was another hit for Astley, reaching No. 10 on the U.S Billboard Hot 100, and No. 1 in Canada. During the period between his debut release and his fifth single, Astley outsold every other artist in the world. In the UK, he was in the Top 40 every week for the first 6 months of his career.
A fire in the PWL studios destroyed much of Astley's new material, causing a delay in the release of his second album. Hold Me in Your Arms was eventually released in January 1989, containing five singles, and reached No. 8 in the UK and No. 19 in the US, being certified platinum in the UK and gold in the US.
Astley's relationship with British media deteriorated significantly after the release of Whenever You Need Somebody, with the media calling him a "puppet" of Stock Aitken Waterman. This was despite Astley writing five of his new album's tracks. The negative press inevitably affected the sales of his singles. The first single from the album to be released was "She Wants To Dance With Me", a number penned by Astley himself. It was another successful single, reaching No. 6 on both the UK and US charts. "Take Me to Your Heart" was the next single to be released from the album. It reached No. 8 in the UK and was not released in the US. The Astley-written ballad "Hold Me in Your Arms" reached No. 10 in the UK and was also not released in North America. The next two singles released from the album were intended for the North American market. "Giving Up on Love" and a cover of The Temptations song "Ain't Too Proud To Beg" charted at No. 38 and No. 89 in the US respectively.
In December 1989, Astley set off on his first world tour, touring 15 countries including the UK, US, Australia, and Japan. By the end of the tour, he was tiring of the negative press, and wanted to explore alternative paths as a musician. Thus, he left his producers Stock Aitken Waterman, with RCA records buying out his contract with PWL."allmusic – Rick Astley – Overview". allmusic. Retrieved 14 May 2010. "Rick Astley – Biography". TalkTalk. Retrieved 15 May 2010. Cite error: The named reference RickBio was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "YouTube – Rick Astley – Never Gonna Give You Up (live) 1988". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 17 May 2010. "Discography – Whenever You Need Somebody". www.rickastley.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "The Ultimate Collection by Rick Astley". itunes.apple.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "Discography – When I Fall in Love". www.rickastley.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "Certified Awards Search". BPI. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "Singles Chart 12/03/88". chartstats. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "Ask Rick Astley". Sunday Sun. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "Discography -Hold Me in Your Arms". www.rickastley.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2010.
§Switching to soul and AC
By 1990, Astley had parted company with Stock, Aitken, and Waterman. He also decided to leave his dance-pop days behind him, moving towards his passion, soul. This shift in musical genre led him to change his image too, ditching the boy next door look, presenting himself as a mature and passionate musician. His third album, Free, was released in 1991 containing collaborations with Elton John. The album contained three singles, and reached No. 9 in the UK and No. 31 in the US.
He achieved one more major success with the 1991 ballad "Cry for Help", which reached No. 7 in both the UK and the US. This would place Astley in The Guinness Book of Records, as he became the first male solo artist to have his first eight singles all chart in the UK Top 10. This record still stands to this day. The other two singles from Free were not as successful. "Move Right Out" reached No. 58 in the UK and No. 81 in the US; and "Never Knew Love" reached No. 70 in the UK and did not chart in the US. Free would mark the end of Astley's successful period, and "Cry for Help" would be the last Astley single to make the Top 10 in either the UK or US to date.
His next album, Body and Soul, was released in 1993, and was largely an Adult Contemporary album. By the time the album was released, Astley had decided to retire from the music industry. As a result, the album did not get a lot of promotion, not charting in the UK but managing to make the Billboard 200, peaking at No. 182. The two singles, "The Ones You Love" and "Hopelessly", performed very well on the US adult contemporary chart, peaking at No. 19 and No. 4 respectively. "The Ones You Love" peaked at No. 48 in the UK but did not chart in the US. "Hopelessly" also crossed over and peaked at No. 28 on the US Billboard 100, staying in the US top 40 for five weeks, and No. 33 in the UK. It was named as one of the most performed songs at the 1994 BMI Awards, and is one of the few songs to achieve BMI 'Million-Air' status.Cite error: The named reference talktalk was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference RickBio was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "The Eighties Club". Eightiesclub.tripod.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013. "BMI Million-Airs". Chartts.tripod.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
After 1993, Astley decided to retire from the music industry at the age of 27, deciding that family life was more important. During Astley's time out of the music business, he raised his daughter Emilie, born in 1992. Thus, for much of the 1990s and early 2000s, Astley remained largely out of the spotlight.Cite error: The named reference NGGYU was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
§Return to singing
Almost 10 years after Body and Soul, Astley finally returned to the music world, signing a co-publishing deal with Polydor and releasing Keep It Turned On in 2002. The album featured the single "Sleeping", which became a minor club hit, thanks to a set of remixes from U.S. house producer Todd Terry. Keep It Turned On was only released in Continental Europe.
Astley's first compilation album, Greatest Hits, was released in 2002, and reached No. 16 on the UK Albums Chart. With no promotion from Astley, it sold over 100,000 copies and was certified Gold by the BPI. After retirement in 1993, Astley continued to write songs for various acts and in 2003 he managed to chart at No. 10 in the UK as a songwriter with "Shakespeare's (Way With) Words" performed by short-lived boy band One True Voice.
In 2004, Astley toured for the first time in 14 years, which led him to a record contract with Sony BMG.
In March 2005, Astley released the album Portrait, in which he covered many classic standards such as "Vincent", "Nature Boy" and "Close to You". Both Astley and Sony BMG were unhappy with the end result so the album was poorly promoted, yet managed to reach No. 26 on the UK Albums Chart.
In April 2008, the album The Ultimate Collection: Rick Astley was released by Sony BMG and by early May it had reached #17 on the UK Top 40 Albums Chart, again with no promotion from Astley.
In September 2008, Astley was nominated for the 'Best Act Ever' award at the MTV Europe Music Awards The push to make Astley the winner of the award continued after the announcement, as well as efforts to encourage MTV to personally invite Astley to the awards ceremony. On 7 November, following a massive Internet campaign by fans, Astley won the award in Liverpool, but was not there in person to receive it. Perez Hilton collected the prize on his behalf. On the back of this, "Never Gonna Give You Up" returned to the UK charts, over 21 years after it was released, peaking at No. 73 during the Christmas period.
During the late 2000s, Astley continued touring across the globe, touring with various other 1980s acts, such as Boy George and Belinda Carlisle, in the Here and Now Tour. In April 2009, he wrote an article for Time about moot.
Astley was a special guest throughout Peter Kay's new tour, The Tour That Doesn't Tour Tour...Now on Tour, from 27 April to 22 May 2010. To mark the occasion, Rick Astley released a new single "Lights Out" on his own label. It was released on 7 June 2010. This was Astley's first release in the UK Singles Chart in 17 years. It was well received by radio, peaking No. 15 on the UK Airplay Charts, but failed to become a commercial hit, reaching only No. 97 on the UK Singles Chart.
During the summer of 2010, Astley became a radio DJ for London's Magic FM, presenting a Sunday show. Initially the contract was 8 weeks, but he proved popular with listeners and his contract was extended till the end of the year. In December 2010, Astley co-hosted the Chris Evans Breakfast Show on BBC Radio 2 with Peter Kay, and in March 2011 appeared in Comic Relief's Red Nose Day telethon on the BBC.Cite error: The named reference RickBio was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Astley, Rick. "Vincent (Live)" (video). YouTube. "Madonna celebrates chart double". BBC News. 4 May 2008. Retrieved 22 May 2010. Cite error: The named reference bbc1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Bestactever.com 10 October 2008. Retrieved 12 October 2008. "US stars scoop MTV Europe awards". BBC News. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2008. "The 2009 Time 100". Time. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2010. "Rick Astley Returns With Peter Kay". Fame Magazine. 28 April 2010. "Rick Astley's Summer Soundtrack". Magic FM 105.7. Halliday, Josh (5 July 2010). "Rick Astley to host Magic 105.4 Sunday show". London: The Guardian. "Magic 105.4 Extends Rick Astley's Show". Bauer Media. "Friday – It's Kay Day!". BBC. "The Chefs Choir Sing "Never Gonna Give You Up" – Red Nose Day 2011". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011. "Celebrity choir sing Take That classic to wrap up Red Nose Day 2011". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
Rick Astley is married to Lene Bausager, and the couple have a daughter, Emilie, who was born in 1992. Astley met Lene when she was working as a promoter with RCA in 1988. Lene is a film producer, and was nominated for the 2006 Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film for the Sean Ellis film Cashback, where she was the main producer. The family lives in the London suburb of Richmond.Cite error: The named reference Independent was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Lene Bausager – IMDB at the Internet Movie Database "Photo 29 Lene Bausager and Rick Astley | 78th Annual Academy Awards". Digitalhit.com. Retrieved 22 May 2010. "RICK ASTLEY: 'I'M TOO NICE TO BE A POP IDOL'". Daily Express.
§Rickrolling Internet phenomenonMain articles: Rickrolling and Never Gonna Give You Up
In 2007, Rick Astley became the subject of a viral Internet meme known as rickrolling. This is where internet users are tricked into watching Rick Astley's video "Never Gonna Give You Up" by following a link that claims to be something else. Views of this video on various websites are now in the millions. The phenomenon became so popular that on 1 April 2008, YouTube pranked its users by making every single featured video on its front page a rickroll.
Later in April 2008, Shea Stadium in New York was rickrolled. Fans quickly drowned out the music with boos.
On 27 November 2008, Astley himself participated in a live rickroll during the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, while the Foster's Home for Imaginary Friends characters were singing "Best Friend", the theme from the 1970s TV series The Courtship of Eddie's Father. Midway through the song, Astley emerged from the float and began to lip sync his signature hit. At the end of Astley's performance, Cheese (a character from Foster's) shouted out "I like Rickrolling!".
Despite the video garnering millions of hits on YouTube, Astley has earned almost no money from the meme, receiving only US$12 in royalties from YouTube for his performance share."Rick Roll related Google Trends". Google Trends. Google. Retrieved 4 April 2008. Savage, Mark (1 April 2008). "Rickrolling and the league of web fame". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 2 April 2008. "YouTube RickRolls Users". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 June 2008. "Mets Rick Roll". YouTube. 8 April 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2014. North, Jesse (27 November 2008). "Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade: Best and worst moments". Retrieved 15 May 2010. "YouTube – Macy's Thanksgiving Parade Rickroll". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 15 May 2010. "German judge chides Google over YouTube freeloading". The Register. 31 August 2010.