Biography All Music GuideWikipedia
All Music Guide:
An admirer of the seminal Jimmy Smith, Shirley Scott has been one of the organ's most appealing representatives since the late '50s. Scott, a very melodic and accessible player, started out on piano and played trumpet in high school before taking up the Hammond B-3 and enjoying national recognition in the late '50s with her superb Prestige dates with tenor sax great Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis. Especially popular was their 1958 hit "In the Kitchen." Her reputation was cemented during the '60s on several superb, soulful organ/soul-jazz dates where she demonstrated an aggressive, highly rhythmic attack blending intricate bebop harmonies with bluesy melodies and a gospel influence, punctuating everything with great use of the bass pedals. Scott married soul-jazz tenor man Stanley Turrentine, with whom she often recorded in the '60s. The Scott/Turrentine union lasted until the early '70s, and their musical collaborations in the '60s were among the finest in the field. Scott wasn't as visible the following decade, when the popularity of organ combos decreased and labels were more interested in fusion and pop-jazz (though she did record some albums for Chess/Cadet and Strata East). But organists regained their popularity in the late '80s, which found her recording for Muse. Though known primarily for her organ playing, Scott is also a superb pianist -- in the 1990s, she played piano exclusively on some trio recordings for Candid, and embraced the instrument consistently in Philly jazz venues in the early part of the decade. At the end of the '90s, Scott's heart was damaged by the diet drug combination, fen-phen, leading to her declining health. In 2000 she was awarded $8 million in a lawsuit against the manufacturers of the drug. On March 10, 2002 she died of heart failure at Presbyterian Hospital in Philadelphia.
Shirley Scott (March 14, 1934 – March 10, 2002) was an American hard bop and soul-jazz organist. She was best known for working with her husband, Stanley Turrentine, and with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, both saxophonists. She was known as "Queen of the Organ".
Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Scott was an admirer of Jimmy Smith, and played piano and trumpet before moving to the Hammond organ, her main instrument, though on occasion she still played piano. In the 1950s she became known for her work (1956–1959) with the saxophone player Eddie Davis, particularly on the song "In the Kitchen". She was married to Stanley Turrentine and played with him from 1960 to 1969. Later, she led her own group, mostly a trio. Saxophonist Harold Vick often played with her.
In the 1980s, she became a jazz educator and became a highly known and respected member of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania's jazz community.
Scott died of heart failure in 2002, which was hastened by the diet drug fen-phen. Scott won an $8 million settlement in February 2000 against American Home Products, the manufacturers of the drug cocktail.
Selected discography 
As leader 1958: Great Scott! (Prestige)1958: Scottie (Prestige)1959: Scottie Plays the Duke (Prestige)1959: Soul Searching (Prestige)1958-60: Shirley's Sounds (Prestige) - released 19611958-60: The Shirley Scott Trio (Moodsville)1960: Soul Sister (Prestige) - released 19661960: Mucho, Mucho (Prestige)1960: Like Cozy (Moodsville)1961: Satin Doll (Prestige)1958-61: Workin' (Prestige) - released 19671960-61: Stompin' (Prestige) - with Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis released 19671961: Hip Soul (Prestige)1961: Blue Seven (Prestige) - released 19651961: Hip Twist (Prestige)1961: Shirley Scott Plays Horace Silver (Prestige)1962: Happy Talk (Prestige) - also released as Sweet Soul1963: The Soul Is Willing (Prestige) - with Stanley Turrentine1962: Drag 'em Out (Prestige)1963: For Members Only (Impulse!)1963: Soul Shoutin' (Prestige) - with Stanley Turrentine1964: Travelin' Light (Prestige) - with Kenny Burrell1958-64: Now's the Time (Prestige) - released 19671964: Blue Flames (Prestige) - with Stanley Turrentine1964: Great Scott!! (Impulse!)1964: Everybody Loves a Lover (Impulse!)1964: Queen of the Organ (Impulse!)1965: Latin Shadows (Impulse!)1966: On a Clear Day (Impulse!)1966: Roll 'Em (Impulse!)1967: Soul Duo (Impulse!)1967: Girl Talk (Impulse!)1968: Soul Song (Atlantic)1969: Shirley Scott & the Soul Saxes (Atlantic)1970: Something (Atlantic)1971: Mystical Lady (Cadet)1972: Lean on Me (Cadet)1973: Superstition (Cadet)1974: One for Me (Stata East)1979: Oasis (Muse)1991: Great Scott! (Muse)1991: Blues Everywhere (Candid)1991: Skylark (Candid)1992: A Walkin' Thing (Candid)
With Stanley Turrentine1961: Dearly Beloved (Blue Note)1963: Never Let Me Go (Blue Note)1963: A Chip Off the Old Block (Blue Note)1964: Hustlin' (Blue Note)1966: Let It Go (Impulse!)1968: Common Touch (Blue Note)
As sidewoman 
With Mildred AndersonPerson to Person (Bluesville, 1960)
With Eddie "Lockjaw" DavisCount Basie Presents Eddie Davis Trio + Joe Newman (Roulette, 1957)The Eddie Davis Trio featuring Shirley Scott (Roost, 1958)The Eddie Davis Trio featuring Shirley Scott, Organ (Roulette, 1958)The Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis Cookbook (Prestige, 1958)Jaws (Prestige, 1958)The Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis Cookbook, Vol. 2 (Prestige, 1958)The Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis Cookbook Volume 3 (Prestige, 1958)Smokin' (Prestige, 1958) - released 1964Very Saxy (Prestige, 1959)Jaws in Orbit (Prestige, 1959)Hear My Blues (Bluesville, 1959)Bacalao (Prestige, 1959)Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis with Shirley Scott (Moodsville, 1960)Misty (Moodsville, 1960) - released 1963
With Al GreyAl Grey Live at Travelers Lounge (Travelers, 1977)Al Grey / Jimmy Forrest Quintet Live at Rick's (Aviva, 1981)
With Joe NewmanSoft Swingin' Jazz (Coral, 1957)