"Summertime Sadness" is a song by American singer-songwriter Lana Del Rey from her second studio album, Born to Die. It was released on June 22, 2012 by Interscope Records as the fourth single of the album. Charting across Europe, the single reached the top ten in Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Luxembourg, and Switzerland. In the spring of 2013, "Summertime Sadness" became a number-one hit in Poland and Ukraine. Trap and house remixes of "Summertime Sadness" helped Del Rey break into the US Hot Dance Club Songs chart. That chart is where Del Rey's song became a modest hit and marked her first foray into the chart. On the accompanied Dance/Mix Show Airplay chart, the single gave Del Rey her first US number-one single in August 2013. Earlier in 2012, the song also managed to become a rock hit in the US.
In the summer of 2013, a remixed version of the track by Cedric Gervais was released to American contemporary hit radio and helped the single become a sleeper hit, debuting it at 72 on the Billboard Hot 100 and becoming the highest charting single of her career in that country with a peak of 6. Switzerland and Austria gave "Summertime Sadness" a gold certification; it reached platinum status in Germany and became a top forty year-end hit. The record also reached number 4 in the UK Singles Chart. It joined BBC Radio 1's and BBC Radio 2's playlists. Gervais' remixed version won a 2014 Grammy Award for Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical.
A music video for the song features two lovers, one played by Jaime King and the other played by Del Rey. As the storyline progresses, both characters commit suicide by jumping from perilous heights. Cinematography was handled primarily by King's husband, Kyle Newman. The video gained success on video-hosting website, YouTube, and circulated through social media websites such as Facebook and Twitter. In general, critics lauded the artistry of the single's music video, comparing it to Instagram. The musical arrangement was composed by Del Rey's long-time collaborators Emile Haynie and Rick Nowels, with Nowels and Del Rey writing the lyrics."Lana Del Rey Scores Her Second Top 40 Hit on Billboard with Summertime". AXS. Retrieved November 24, 2014. "Billboard Top 40 Update (August 5, 2013)" (PDF). Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 2013-08-05. McCarthy, Zel. "Cedric Gervais Talks 'Summertime Sadness' Remix Smash, Linking with Lana Del Rey and Blowing Up". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
Background and composition
"Summertime Sadness" was released as a digital download on June 22, 2012 in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Written by Lana Del Rey and her long-time collaborator, Rick Nowels, the record was produced by Nowels and Emile Haynie. "Summertime Sadness" is a pop ballad with the lyrics, "Baby you da best…kiss me hard before you go." Music journalist Amy Sciarretto pinned "Summertime Sadness" as a song among an album of shoegazing moments. Various club remixes of the song were created, including one by Mikky Ekko. Spin said Ekko's trap remix, "teases us with a little stoney dubwise bubble, and then dunks the entire thing into a glistening pool of purple promethazine goo. The only sharp sounds come from the barrage of skittering beats, plus some space lasers and the like." "Summertime Sadness" 's Adam Freeland remix employed house beats and strong synthesizers that creates a "dazzling dance floor production."Hamper, Andrew (January 25, 2012). "Lana Del Rey's 'Born To Die': Track-By-Track Review". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved January 28, 2012. Cite error: The named reference aus was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference ger was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference swi was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "Lana Del Rey lança novo remix de "Summertime Sadness"". Billboard Brasil (in Portuguese). Prometheus Global Media. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013. Denney, Alex (February 3, 2012). "Review: Lana Del Rey – Born to Die". NME. Retrieved February 17, 2012. Cite error: The named reference billboard was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Cite error: The named reference shoegaze was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Martins, Chris (7 March 2013). "Ryan Hemsworth Takes Lana Del Rey's 'Summertime Sadness' to the Trap". SPIN. Buzz Media. Retrieved 10 March 2013. Stern, Brad (19 February 2013). "Kylie Minogue, Janet Jackson + Lana Del Rey: 5 Must-Hear Pop Songs Of The Week". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
In his track-by-track review for Billboard magazine Andrew Hampp wrote about "Summertime Sadness" that "the pouty title alone drew giggles at Del Rey's Bowery gig, but the song itself proves to be one of the more durable tracks here even if its lyrics start to get redundant ('Kiss me hard before you go... That baby you're the best')". Amy Sciarretto of PopCrush noted that "on an album marked by shoe gazing moments, [the song] is Lana Del Rey at her most head down. But even though there is a palpable damaged girl in her voice, she commands attention with her lazy delivery." Los Angeles Times named it among the best tracks on the album along with "Video Games" and "Dark Paradise".Hampp, Andrew (2012-01-25). "Lana Del Rey's 'Born To Die': Track-By-Track Review". Billboard. Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24. Sciarretto, Amy (2012-01-27). "Lana Del Rey, Born To Die, Album Review". Pop Crush. Retrieved 2012-09-24. "Album review: Lana Del Rey's 'Born to Die' - latimes.com". Los Angeles Times. 27 January 2012.
The music video for "Summertime Sadness" was filmed in April and May 2012. It was directed by Kyle Newman and Spencer Susser. Newman's wife, actress Jaime King, stars along with Del Rey in the video, which tells the sad love story of two women, one of whom ends her life. King said about the video that, "It's about not being able to live without the one you love, friend or lover it doesn't matter, that's whatever you want it to be." Actor Alex Pettyfer reportedly also helped out on set as a production assistant.
The radio edit of the video was released on July 20, 2012, in Germany on ClipFish. The same day, the video with the album version of the song was released worldwide on Del Rey's official YouTube channel. As of January, 2014 the music video has gained more than 123 million views on video-hosting website, YouTube. It garnered 4 times more of the views "National Anthem" managed to gain in its first full month of release. For that week, Del Rey gained 69,000 new followers on both Facebook and Twitter after "Summertime Sadness" caused a 32% increase in weekly video views for her official YouTube channel. Combined with the views "Born to Die" netted, Del Rey reemerged on Billboard's Social 50 chart at number 42.
The music video opens with a woman leaving her lover a final voice message, "Remember, I'll always love you, bye". After the phone call, Del Rey sings the opening lyrics and jumps off the cliff. The next scenes tell the love story about two women (played by Del Rey and Jaime King) who, once having valued their relationship, emotionally drifted apart; the days of their romance long gone.
In the next scene, the forlorn King seeks out the nearest bridge in the city, then stands on its ledge in a tear-stricken state. The next scenes depict a statue of Jesus Christ, Del Rey looking onto the distance and a phone smashing into pieces as it hits the floor, hinting at Del Rey's realization that her lover has killed herself. Feeling at fault for her lover's death, Del Rey spreads her arms wide mimicking the statue of Jesus Christ and jumps off the cliff.
The last scenes show both women in happier times, Del Rey turns to see King and smiles; both women are seen pouting and glancing seductively over their shoulders towards one another. As the women embrace, the smoke in the atmosphere gathers and they disappear. It's shown after both suicides that an haunting image of Del Rey (presumably her ghost) is seen walking down a long road towards the camera.Breihan, Tom. "Lana Del Rey – "Summertime Sadness" Video (Feat. Jaime King)". Stereogum. Buzz Media. Retrieved 9 September 2012. "Lana Del Rey unveils new video for 'Summertime Sadness' – watch". NME. 2012-07-21. Retrieved July 21, 2012. Bell, Crystal (20 July 2012). "Lana Del Rey 'Summertime Sadness' Video: Jaime King Is Lana's Suicidal Lesbian Lover". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 August 2012. King, Jaime. "Jaime King's Twitter Status". Twitter. Retrieved 9 September 2012. "LANA DEL REY - SUMMERTIME SADNESS VIDEO". Clipfish. Retrieved July 20, 2012 "Lana Del Rey - "Summertime Sadness"". YouTube. Google. Retrieved 9 September 2012. Gruger, William. "The xx Marks the Spot on Billboard's Social 50". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
The video received generally favourable reviews from critics. Crystal Bell, a blogger for Huffington Post, called the video an "ode to Instagram," and compared it to Del Rey's previous videos. Carrie Battan of Pitchfork Media wrote, that "it's certainly no seven-minute re-enactment of the life of the Kennedy family, but it still offers the trademark LDR touch. Instagram-like footage, very forlorn faces, possible suicide attempts, and a very special guest." Jenna Hally Rubenstein, of MTV's Buzzworthy blog, considers that the coral-smoked scenes are Del Rey in the afterlife, post-suicide, saying it may be unlikely as, "the clip closes with an image of Lana and her ghost walking alone down an empty road." Further, she said, "Sad, sad times, y'all. But then again what else did you expect from a Lana video? Sunshine, glitter and ice cream cones? Probably not." Brennan Carley of Billboard noted that "keeping the buzz alive while sticking with sepia-tones and a healthy dose of melodramatics, Lana Del Rey probes a crumbling relationship in the music video [...] the video traces the women's relationship with spliced together film bits - much like the effects used in her earlier efforts - and foggy scenes of the stars pouting and glancing seductively over their shoulders." Spin magazine writer Marc Hogan found that the video recalled Del Rey's breakout video for "Video Games". He added, that "more provocative, though, is the hint of romance-gone-sour between Del Rey and the character played by actress Jaime King. Because this is a Lana Del Rey video, it's not spoiling anything to say there's a Thelma and Louise-like twist." Entertainment website Spinner called the visual "weird. It's beautifully shot, sepia-soaked and melodramatic. The singer's bestie, played by the very lovely actress Jamie King, is also pretty sad about summer ending." Tyler Monroe, writing for AUX, called the video "indistinguishable nothingness", adding "I don’t think Lana Del Rey is even trying anymore."Cite error: The named reference huffpost was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Battan, Carrie (July 20, 2012). "Video: Lana Del Rey: "Summertime Sadness"". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 2012-09-24. Rubenstein, Jenna Hally. "New Video: Lana Del Rey, 'Summertime Sadness'". MTV Buzzworthy. Viacom. Retrieved 9 September 2012. Carley, Brennan (2012-07-20). "Lana Del Rey Mourns a Lost Love in 'Summertime Sadness' Video". Billboard. Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24. Hogan, Marc (2012-07-20). "Lana Del Rey's 'Summertime Sadness' Video Is Quite Melancholy". Spin. Spin.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24. "Lana Del Rey, 'Summertime Sadness' -- VIDEO". Spinner. Spinner.com. 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2012-09-24. Monroe, Tyler. "Lana Del Rey releases another film-crackle filled video. Here are 5 effects worth considering for her next one". Aux. Glassbox Television. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
In 2012, Del Rey performed "Summertime Sadness" at the Irving Plaza, along with "Million Dollar Man", while drenched in purple lights. New York Times writer Bradley Sterns described Lana Del Rey's vocal style during the Irving Plaza performance as "lounge singer crooning". Along with "Million Dollar Man" and "Summertime Sadness", Del Rey also sang "Video Games", "Born to Die", "Lolita", and "Without You".Stern, Bradley (8 June 2013). "Life, Death and Lana Del Rey: Live at Irving Plaza)". MuuMuse. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
Cedric Gervais remix
In January 2013, a remix by Cedric Gervais was commissioned for the record label Universal Germany. However, the remix was initially turned down by Interscope and Polydor Records, Lana Del Rey's record labels in America and the UK. In the spring of 2013, the remix quickly surged to number one on Beatport, resulting in several radio programmers and DJs, such as Pete Tong, working the song into their radio station's rotation. BBC Radio 1 added the remix to its playlist, helping it to gain popularity around the world. Several Sirius XM radio stations began playing it, and Interscope decided to push at Top 40 radio in the United States. After positive feedback, Interscope agreed to release the remix.
Hesitant to accept requests for remixes from other artists, Gervais immediately consented to assisting Del Rey with remixing "Summertime Sadness". "To me," he said, "it is not about the money, so I turned down a lot of people. But Lana Del Rey came in. I didn't even ask how much money I just said please send me the vocals right away and I did the track in one day. I wasn't thinking if it was going to be a hit or not, I just love and respect the artist that she is." Satisfied with the finished product, Del Rey's team commissioned Gervais to produce a mix version of "Young and Beautiful".
The decision to release the new version of "Summertime Sadness" on the DJ's primary label Spinnin' Records was made to expand the song's audience to Gervais' EDM fanbase, when the man responsible for the track, John Ehmann, heard 60,000 people singing along to the song at the Electric Daisy Carnival in Las Vegas. Months later, the house track was a sleeper hit, peaking at number 6 on Billboard 's Hot 100 chart. "In every country I’m going to, I hear my remix on the radio," the DJ commented on the song's success. "I heard it on the MTV Awards while they're introducing Selena Gomez. It motivates me. I started a long time ago in the business with the passion of being a DJ and all of the sudden I make a track like this I get even more excited and motivated. It opens the door to so many things." Becoming the most successful work of his career at the time, "Summertime Sadness" unlocked a plethora of opportunities for Gervais, including a contract for the release of a full-length album that features many high-profile dance singers, Rick Nowels (co-writer of "Summertime Sadness" 's lyrics) assisting him.
Gervais' interpretation of "Summertime Sadness" received a video treatment. The majority of the video includes the same footage of the original version produced by Kyle Newman. Sam Lansky of Idolator described the remake as being "...stitched together with familiar glitchy footage of Lana in her conventional Tumblrwave style." Expanding, he said: "the euphoric house production contrasts with the melancholy aesthetic in that way that feels quintessentially Lana and, well, if nothing else, the track is straight fire." Further, Lansky remarked on the audio, stating: "The gloomy cut has received a proper single treatment" from Cedric Gervais who metamorphosed "Lana"s lachrymose original into a dancefloor stomper"."iTunes - Music - Summertime Sadness (Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais) [Cedric Gervais Remix] - Single by Lana Del Rey & Cedric Gervais". iTunes. Retrieved 6 October 2014. "iTunes - Music - Summertime Sadness (Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais) [Cedric Gervais Remix] - Single by Lana Del Rey & Cedric Gervais". iTunes. Retrieved 6 October 2014. Lansky, Sam. "Lana Del Rey’s "Summertime Sadness" Gets An Excellent Cedric Gervais Remix & Video: Watch". Idolator. Spin Media. Retrieved 19 March 2014. "iTunes - Music - Summertime Sadness (Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais) [Cedric Gervais Remix] - Single by Lana Del Rey & Cedric Gervais". iTunes. Retrieved 6 October 2014. Ugwu, Reggie (15 September 2013). "Go Behind Lana Del Rey's 'Summertime' Surge". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved 6 February 2014. Coomes, Eric (11 October 2013). "Cedric Gervais on hitting the Billboard Top 10 and his latest Lana Del Rey collab[oration]". Beatport, LLC. Retrieved 6 February 2014. Cite error: The named reference GervaisInterview was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
Track listing"Summertime Sadness (2-Track)". Amazon.de. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness (Remixes) - EP von Lana Del Rey". iTunes Store. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness-The Remix EP (Limited Edition) [Vinyl Maxi-Single]". Amazon.de. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness (Asadinho Remixes) (2013)". 7digital.com. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness (Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais) [Cedric Gervais Remix] - Single by Lana Del Rey & Cedric Gervais". iTunes Store. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness [Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais] (Cedric Gervais Extended Remix) - Single by Lana Del Rey & Cedric Gervais". iTunes Store. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness (MK In the Air Remix) - Single by Lana Del Rey". iTunes Store. Retrieved July 16, 2014. "Summertime Sadness (2014)". 7digital.com. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
Credits and personnel
Credits for "Summertime Sadness" taken directly from Born to Die album liner.Lead vocals – Lana Del ReyProducers – Emile HaynieCo-producers – Rick NowelsLyrics – Lana Del Rey, Rick NowelsLabel – Interscope RecordsStrings arranged and conduction – Larry GoldFlute – Dan HeathAdditional strings, guitar, and keyboards – Patrick WarrenAdditional strings – Rick NowelsAdditional pads – Devrim KaraogluMixer – Dan Grech MargueratAssistant mixer – Duncan Fuller Born to Die album liner. Page 8. Accessed 6 September 2013.
ContentsCharts1.1 Weekly charts1.1.1 Original version1.1.2 Cedric Gervais Remix1.2 Year-end charts1.2.1 Original version1.2.2 Cedric Gervais Remix
Cedric Gervais Remix
Cedric Gervais Remix"Austriancharts.at – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. "Ultratop.be – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. "Ultratop.be – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" (in French). Ultratop 50. "15.10.2012-21.10.2012 - IFPI at bamp-br.org" Airplay Top 5. Bulgarian Association of Music Producers. "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201310 into search. "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201433 into search. Retrieved 2014-08-19. "Lescharts.com – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" (in French). Les classement single. "Officialcharts.de – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 2013-05-04. "Greece Digital Songs: Aug 3, 2013". Billboard. Retrieved August 3, 2013. "Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness Media Forest". Israeli Airplay Chart. Media Forest. "FIMI CHART TOP 100". FIMI. Retrieved November 4, 2013. "Charts.org.nz – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 2013-05-04. "Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video". Polish Airplay Top 20. "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201429 into search. Retrieved July 21, 2014. "Swedishcharts.com – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness". Singles Top 60. "Swisscharts.com – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness". Swiss Singles Chart. "Summertime Sadness - Lana Del Rey - Song Information - Rock Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 24 November 2012. Lana Del Rey - Chart history | Billboard "The ARIA Report: Week Commencing ~ 23 September ~ Issue #1230". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 26, 2013. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Lana Del Rey. Retrieved 28 July 2013. "Danishcharts.com – Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais – Summertime Sadness". Tracklisten. Retrieved 2013-08-27. "Digital Singles Charts - Greece". Billboard. "MAHASZ: Archívum › Kereső - előadó/cím szerint". MAHASZ. Retrieved October 9, 2013. "Chart Track: Week 36, 2013". Irish Singles Chart. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Luxembourg Digital Songs for Lana Del Rey. Retrieved 2013-05-04. "Dutchcharts.nl – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. "Charts.org.nz – Lana Del Rey vs. Cedric Gervais – Summertime Sadness". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 2013-08-27. "Archive Chart: 2013-08-10". Scottish Singles Top 40. "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201336 into search. "Spanishcharts.com – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" Canciones Top 50. "Archive Chart: 2013-08-10" UK Singles Chart. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Lana Del Rey. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Lana Del Rey. Retrieved 3 September 2013. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Lana Del Rey. Retrieved 2013-05-04. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Lana Del Rey. Retrieved 29 July 2013. "Lana Del Rey Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Rhythmic Songs for Lana Del Rey. Retrieved 3 September 2013. "Jahrescharts 2012". media control GfK. Retrieved 2013-01-04. "MAHASZ Rádiós TOP 100 - radios 2013" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved January 22, 2014. "The Official Top 40 Biggest Selling Singles Of 2013". The Official UK Charts Company. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. "Best of 2013 – Hot 100 Songs". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 8 July 2014.
Cedric Gervais Remix
(*) Note: The 2× Platinum-award in the U.S. are for all versions of "Summertime Sadness" combined."Austrian single certifications – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Lana Del Rey in the field Interpret. Enter Summertime Sadness in the field Titel. Select single in the field Format. Click Suchen "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Lana Del Rey; 'Summertime Sadness')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. "FIMI Certificazioni: Archivio" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 2014-10-24. Archivio "Lana Del Rey (Summertime Sadness)" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved 2014-06-07. "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Lana Del Rey; 'Summertime Sadness')". Hung Medien. "American single certifications – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH Ugwu, Reggie (September 15, 2013). "Go Behind Lana Del Rey's 'Summertime' Surge". Billboard. Retrieved September 15, 2013. "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2014 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 16, 2014. "Canadian single certifications – Lana Del Rey – Summertime Sadness". Music Canada. Retrieved November 01, 2013. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help) "Lana del Rey goes Gold in Mexico". Universal. Retrieved December 12, 2013. "NZ Top 40 Singles Chart - 26 August 2013". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved September 8, 2013. "BPI – Certified Awards Search" (To access, enter the search parameter "Lana Del Rey" and select "Search by Keyword"). British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2013-07-05. Grein, Paul (January 2, 2014). "Can You Believe "Don't Stop Believin'" Loses Spot as Best-Selling Rock Song?". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved January 25, 2014. "American single certifications – Lana Del Rey & Cedric Gervais – Summertime Sadness". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH "Billboard On-Demand Songs - July 12, 2014". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.