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Group Members: Don Everly
All Music Guide:
The Everly Brothers were not only among the most important and best early rock & roll stars, but also among the most influential rockers of any era. They set unmatched standards for close, two-part harmonies and infused early rock & roll with some of the best elements of country and pop music. Their legacy was and is felt enormously in all rock acts that employ harmonies as prime features, from the Beatles and Simon & Garfunkel to legions of country-rockers as well as roots rockers like Dave Edmunds and Nick Lowe (who once recorded an EP of Everlys songs together).
Don (born February 1, 1937) and Phil (born January 19, 1939) were professionals way before their teens, schooled by their accomplished guitarist father Ike, and singing with their family on radio broadcasts in Iowa. In the mid-'50s, they made a brief stab at conventional Nashville country with Columbia. When their single flopped, they were cast adrift for quite a while until they latched onto Cadence. Don invested their first single for the label, "Bye Bye Love," with a Bo Diddley beat that helped lift the song to number two in 1957.
"Bye Bye Love" began a phenomenal three-year string of classic hit singles for Cadence, including "Wake Up Little Susie," "All I Have to Do Is Dream," "Bird Dog," "('Til) I Kissed You," and "When Will I Be Loved." The Everlys sang of young love with a heart-rending yearning and compelling melodies. The harmonies owed audible debts to Appalachian country music, but were imbued with a keen modern pop sensibility that made them more accessible without sacrificing any power or beauty. They were not as raw as the wild rockabilly men from Sun Records, but they could rock hard when they wanted. Even their midtempo numbers and ballads were executed with a force missing in the straight country and pop tunes of the era. The duo enjoyed a top-notch support team of producer Archie Bleyer, great Nashville session players like Chet Atkins, and the brilliant songwriting team of Boudleaux and Felice Bryant. Don, and occasionally Phil, wrote excellent songs of their own as well.
In 1960, the Everlys left Cadence for a lucrative contract with the then-young Warner Bros. label (though it's not often noted, the Everlys would do a lot to establish Warners as a major force in the record business). It's sometimes been written that the duo never recaptured the magic of their Cadence recordings, but actually Phil and Don peaked both commercially and artistically with their first Warners releases. "Cathy's Clown," their first Warners single, was one of their greatest songs and a number one hit. Their first two Warners LPs, employing a fuller and brasher production than their Cadence work, were not just among their best work, but two of the best rock albums of the early '60s. The hits kept coming for a couple of years, some great ("Walk Right Back," "Temptation"), some displaying a distressing, increasing tendency toward soft pop and maudlin sentiments ("Ebony Eyes," "That's Old Fashioned").
Don and Phil's personal lives came under a lot of stress in the early '60s: they enlisted into the Marine Corps Reserves (together), and studied acting for six months but never made a motion picture. More seriously, Don developed an addiction to speed and almost died of an overdose in late 1962. By that time, their career as chart titans in the U.S. had ended; "That's Old Fashioned" (1962) was their last Top Ten hit. Their albums became careless, erratic affairs, which was all the more frustrating because many of their flop singles of the time were fine, even near-classic efforts that demonstrated they could still deliver the goods.
Virtually alone among first-generation rock & roll superstars, the Everlys stuck with no-nonsense rock & roll and remained determined to keep their sound contemporary, rather than drifting toward soft pop or country like so many others. Although their mid-'60s recordings were largely ignored in America, they contained some of their finest work, including a ferocious Top 40 single in 1964 ("Gone, Gone, Gone"). They remained big stars overseas -- in 1965, "Price of Love" went to number two in the U.K. at the height of the British Invasion. They incorporated jangling Beatle/Byrdesque guitars into some of their songs and recorded a fine album with the Hollies (who were probably more blatantly influenced by the Everlys than any other British band of the time). In the late '60s, they helped pioneer country-rock with the 1968 album Roots, their most sophisticated and unified full-length statement. None of this revived their career as hitmakers, though they could always command huge audiences on international tours and hosted a network TV variety show in 1970.
The decades of enforced professional togetherness finally took their toll on the pair in the early '70s, which saw a few dispirited albums and, finally, an acrimonious breakup in 1973. They spent the next decade performing solo, which only proved -- as is so often the case in close-knit artistic partnerships -- how much each brother needed the other to sound his best. In 1983, enough water had flowed under the bridge for the two to resume performing and recording together. The tours, with a backup band led by guitarist Albert Lee, proved they could still sing well. The records (both live and studio) were fair efforts that, in the final estimation, were not in nearly the same league as their '50s and '60s classics, although Paul McCartney penned a small hit single for them ("On the Wings of a Nightingale"). One of the more successful and dignified reunions in the rock annals, the Everlys continued to perform live, although they didn't release albums together after the late '80s. Phil Everly died on January 3, 2014 from complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; he was 74 years old.
The Everly Brothers were American country-influenced rock and roll singers, known for steel-string guitar playing and close harmony singing. The duo, consisting of Isaac Donald "Don" Everly (born February 1, 1937) and Phillip "Phil" Everly (January 19, 1939 – January 3, 2014), were elected to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986 and the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2001.
ContentsHistory1.1 Family and education1.2 1950s1.3 1960s and 1970s1.4 Solo years: 1973–19831.5 Reunion and subsequent activities: 1983–20061.6 Phil Everly's death
Family and education
Don was born in Brownie, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, in 1937, and Phil two years later in Chicago, Illinois. Their parents were Isaac Milford "Ike" Everly, Jr. (1908–1975), a guitar-player, and Margaret Embry Everly. Actor James Best (born Jules Guy), also from Muhlenberg County, was the son of Ike's sister. Margaret was only fifteen when she married Ike, who was twenty-six. Ike had worked in the coal mines from the age of fourteen, but his father hoped he would do something else with his life and encouraged him to pursue his love of music. Fortunately, that love was one Ike and his new bride Margaret shared, and they soon began singing together. The Everly Brothers spent most of their childhood in Shenandoah, Iowa. They attended the Longfellow Elementary School in Waterloo, Iowa for a year, but then relocated to Shenandoah in 1944, where they remained through early high school.
Ike Everly had a show on radio station KMA and later KFNF in Shenandoah in the mid-1940s, first with his wife, and then with their two young sons. When the brothers were invited by their parents to sing on the radio, they were then known as "Little Donnie and Baby Boy Phil." Singing on the show gave the brothers their first exposure to the music industry. The family sang together and lived and traveled in the area singing as the Everly Family. Ike, with guitarists Merle Travis, Mose Rager, and Kennedy Jones, was honored in 1992 by the construction of the Four Legends Fountain in Drakesboro, Kentucky.
The family next moved to Knoxville, Tennessee in 1953, where the brothers attended West High School. In 1955, the family moved to Madison, Tennessee, while the brothers moved to Nashville, Tennessee. Don had already graduated from high school in 1955, and Phil attended the Peabody Demonstration School in Nashville, from which he graduated in 1957. Having both finished high school, they could now focus on their pursuit of a recording career.
While living in Knoxville, the brothers continued their musical development and first caught the attention of family friend Chet Atkins, who had recently been appointed manager of RCA Victor's recording studio in Nashville. As the brothers transitioned out of the family act and into a duo, they moved to Nashville and Atkins became an early champion of the Everly Brothers. Despite his affiliation with RCA Records, it was Atkins who arranged a chance for the Everly Brothers to record for Columbia Records in early 1956. However, their first and only single for Columbia, "Keep A' Lovin' Me," which Don wrote, was a flop, and they were quickly dropped from the label.
Atkins still encouraged the Everly Brothers to continue, and introduced them to Wesley Rose of Acuff-Rose music publishers. Impressed with the duo's songwriting talents, Rose told them that if they signed to Acuff-Rose as songwriters, he would also get them a recording deal. The duo signed to Acuff-Rose in late 1956, and by early 1957, Rose had introduced them to Archie Bleyer, who was looking for artists for his Cadence label. The Everlys signed, and entered the recording studio for their first Cadence session in February 1957.
Their first Cadence single, "Bye Bye Love," had been rejected by 30 other acts but the Everlys saw potential in the song. Their recording of "Bye Bye Love" reached No. 2 on the pop charts behind Elvis Presley's "(Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear", hitting No. 1 on the Country and No. 5 on the R&B charts. The song, written by the husband and wife team Felice and Boudleaux Bryant, became the Everly Brothers' first million-seller.
They became stalwarts of the Cadence label. Working with the Bryants, the duo had hits in the United States and the United Kingdom, the biggest being "Wake Up Little Susie", "All I Have to Do Is Dream", "Bird Dog", and "Problems", all penned by the Bryants. The Everlys also found success as songwriters, especially with Don's "(Till) I Kissed You", which hit No. 4 on the United States pop charts.
The brothers toured extensively with Buddy Holly during 1957 and 1958. According to Holly biographer Philip Norman, they were responsible for the change in style for Holly and the Crickets from Levi's and T-shirts to the Everlys' sharp Ivy League suits. Don claimed Holly to be a generous songwriter who wrote the song "Wishing" for them, while Phil later stated: "We were all from the South. We'd started in country music." While some sources say that Phil Everly was one of Holly's pallbearers at his funeral in February 1959, Phil later said, in a 1986 interview, that while he attended the funeral and sat with Holly's family, he was not a pallbearer. Don did not attend, later saying "I couldn't go to the funeral. I couldn't go anywhere. I just took to my bed."
1960s and 1970s
After three years on the Cadence label, the Everlys signed with Warner Bros. Records in 1960, for a reported 10-year, multi-million-dollar deal. They continued to have hits and their first for Warner Brothers, 1960's "Cathy's Clown" (written by Don and Phil), sold eight million copies, making it the duo's biggest-selling record. "Cathy's Clown" was number WB1, the first release in the United Kingdom by Warner Bros. Records.
We're not Grand Ole Opry ... we're obviously not Perry Como ... we're just pop music. But, you could call us an American skiffle group!—NME – November 1960
Other successful Warner Brothers singles followed in the United States, such as "So Sad (To Watch Good Love Go Bad)" (1960, Pop No. 7), "Walk Right Back" (1961, Pop No. 7), "Crying In The Rain" (1962, Pop No. 6), and "That's Old Fashioned" (1962, Pop No. 9, their last Top 10 hit). From 1960 to 1962, Cadence Records also continued to release Everly Brothers singles from the vaults: these included the Top Ten hit "When Will I Be Loved" (written by Phil, Pop No. 8) and the Top 40 hit "Like Strangers," as well as lower-charting singles.
In the UK, they were arguably more successful with Top 10 hits until 1965, including "Lucille/So Sad" (1960, No. 4), "Walk Right Back/Ebony Eyes (1961, No. 1), "Temptation" (1961, No. 1), "Cryin' In The Rain" (1962, No. 6) and "The Price of Love" (1965, No. 2). In total they placed 18 singles into the UK Top 40 with Warner Brothers in the 1960s.
By 1962, the Everly Brothers had earned $35 million from record sales.
However, shortly after signing with Warner Brothers, the Everlys fell out with their manager Wesley Rose, who also administered the Acuff-Rose music publishing company. As a result, for a period in the early 1960s, the Everlys were shut off from Acuff-Rose songwriters. These included Felice and Boudleaux Bryant, who had written the majority of the Everlys' hits, as well as Don and Phil Everly themselves, who were still contracted to Acuff-Rose as songwriters and had written several of their own hits. With proven sources of hit material unavailable, from 1961 through early 1964, the Everlys recorded a mix of covers and songs by other writers in order to avoid paying royalties to Acuff-Rose. They also used the collective pseudonym "Jimmy Howard" as writer and/or arranger on two tracks, a move that was ultimately unsuccessful, as Acuff-Rose legally assumed the copyrights to these songs once the ruse was discovered.
About this same time, they also set up their own record label, Calliope Records, to release independent solo projects. Using the pseudonym "Adrian Kimberly," Don recorded a big-band instrumental version of "Pomp and Circumstance" that was arranged by Neal Hefti, and charted in the United States top 40 in mid-1961. Further instrumental single releases credited to Kimberly followed over the next year, but none of these follow-ups charted. Phil, meanwhile, formed a group called the Keestone Family Singers which also featured Glen Campbell and Carole King. Their lone single, "Melodrama," failed to chart, and by the end of 1962, Calliope Records was no more.
They never stopped working as a duo during this time, but their last United States Top Ten hit was 1962's "That's Old Fashioned", a song previously recorded (but unreleased) by the Chordettes, and given to the Brothers by their old mentor, Archie Bleyer. Succeeding years saw the Everly Brothers selling many fewer records in the United States. Their enlistment in the United States Marine Corps Reserve in October 1961 (rather than being drafted into the Army for two years of active service) also took them out of the spotlight while they completed basic training and fulfilled their obligation to the Marines. One of their few performances during their Marine Corps service was an on-leave appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, in mid-February 1962, performing "Jezebel" and "Crying In The Rain" in their Marine Corps Dress Blue uniforms.
Following their release from active duty, they resumed their career, but United States chart success was limited. Of the 27 singles the Everly Brothers released on Warner Brothers from 1963 through 1970, only three made the Hot 100, and none peaked higher than No. 31. Album sales were also down. The Everlys' first two albums for Warner (in 1960 and 1961) both peaked at No. 9 U.S., but after that, though they went on to release a dozen more LPs for Warner Brothers, only one made the top 200 (1965's Beat & Soul, which topped out at No. 141). Their dispute with Acuff-Rose lasted until 1964, whereupon the brothers once again began writing some of their own material, as well as working with the Bryants again.
By then the brothers' personal lives had gone through serious upheavals. Both were addicted to speed. Don's condition was worse, since he was taking the then unregulated drug Ritalin which led to deeper trouble. Don's addiction lasted three years until he was finally hospitalized for a nervous breakdown and to cure his addiction to Ritalin. (It should be noted that the mainstream media of that time did not report that either brother was addicted. For example, when Don collapsed in England in mid-October 1962, reporters were told he had a case of food poisoning; when the tabloids suggested he had taken an overdose of pills, his wife and brother insisted he was simply suffering from "physical and nervous exhaustion" from overwork. It would not be till years later that the entire story came out.) As a result of Don's then-mysterious health problems, he was unable to complete their British tour; he returned to the United States, leaving Phil to carry on with Joey Page, their bass player, taking his place.
Their stardom began to wane two years before the British Invasion in 1964, though their appeal remained strong in Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia and elsewhere. By 1965, they took a back seat to the new sound of the beat boom, including bands like the Beatles, whom the Everlys had greatly influenced. Their fortunes in the States were fading, but the Everlys remained successful in the UK and Canada throughout most of the 1960s, reaching the top 40 in the United Kingdom with singles through 1968, and the top 10 in Canada as late as 1967. The 1966 album Two Yanks in England was a reflection of the Everlys' popularity in the U.K. It was recorded in England with the Hollies, who also wrote many of the album's songs. 1967 saw the Everlys' final Top 40 hit in the charts ("Bowling Green").
By the end of the 1960s, the Everly Brothers returned to an emphasis on their country-rock roots, and their 1968 album Roots is touted by some critics as "one of the finest early country-rock albums." However, by the end of the 1960s, the Everly Brothers were no longer hitmakers in either North America or the United Kingdom, and in 1970, following an unsuccessful live album (The Everly Brothers Show), their contract with Warner Brothers lapsed after ten years. In 1970, they were the summer replacement hosts for Johnny Cash's television show: their variety program, "Johnny Cash Presents the Everly Brothers," was broadcast on ABC-TV, and featured such guest performers as Linda Ronstadt and Stevie Wonder.
In 1970, Don Everly released his first solo album, but it was not a success. The Everly Brothers resumed performing in 1971, and signed a contract with RCA Victor Records, for whom they issued two albums in 1972 and 1973. They then decided to take time off from performing, announcing their final performance together would be on July 14, 1973, at Knott's Berry Farm in California. Unfortunately, high tensions between the two began to surface in the weeks leading up to the show; in fact, Don told a reporter he was tired of being an Everly Brother. During the show, Don was reportedly drunk and unable to play well, causing Phil to smash his guitar and storm off the stage, while Don finished the show, ending their collaboration. Reportedly, they did not speak to each other for almost a decade, except at their father's funeral in 1975.
Solo years: 1973–1983
After the split, Phil and Don Everly pursued solo careers during a decade apart. Don found some success on the U.S. country charts in the mid to late 1970s, in Nashville with his band Dead Cowboys, and playing with Albert Lee. Don also performed as a solo artist in London in mid-1976 at an annual country music festival. His appearance was well-received and he was given "thunderous applause," even though critics noted that his performance was uneven.
Phil sang backup vocals on one song for Roy Wood's 1975 album Mustard and two songs for Warren Zevon's 1976 album Warren Zevon.
In 1979, Don Everly recorded a duet with Emmylou Harris, "Everytime You Leave," on her album Blue Kentucky Girl.
Phil, meanwhile, recorded more frequently than Don, but with no real chart success until the 1980s. However, Phil did write "Don't Say You Don't Love Me No More" for the hit Clint Eastwood comedy film, Every Which Way But Loose (1978) in which he performed it as a duet with co-star Sondra Locke. He also wrote "One Too Many Women In Your Life" for the sequel, Any Which Way You Can (1980) where he could be seen playing in the band behind Sondra's performance.
Then, in 1983, Phil enjoyed significant UK success as a soloist with the album Phil Everly, recorded mainly in London. Session musicians on the LP included Dire Straits guitarist Mark Knopfler, Rockpile drummer Terry Williams, and keyboard player Pete Wingfield. The track "She Means Nothing To Me," written by John David Williams and featuring Cliff Richard as co-lead vocalist, was a UK Top 10 hit, and "Louise", written by Ian Gomm, reached the Top 50 in 1983.
Reunion and subsequent activities: 1983–2006
The brothers got back together in 1983. Their reunion concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London on September 23, 1983, was initiated by Phil and Don alongside Terry Slater. English pianist Pete Wingfield was the concert's musical director. This concert spawned a well-received live LP and video; it was also broadcast on cable television in mid-January 1984. The brothers then returned to the studio as a duo for the first time in over a decade, resulting in the album EB '84, produced by Dave Edmunds. Lead single "On the Wings of a Nightingale," written by Paul McCartney, was a qualified success (Top 10 adult contemporary) and returned them to the United States Hot 100 (for their last appearance) and UK chart.
They then earned a final charting country-music hit with "Born Yesterday" in 1986 from the album of the same name. During this time, Don's son, Edan Everly, would often join the Everly brothers on stage to sing and play guitar.
Even though the brothers had not produced studio albums since 1989's Some Hearts, they toured and performed. They collaborated with other performers, usually singing either backup vocals or duets. Phil was especially active in this regard. In 1990, he recorded a vocal duet with Dutch singer René Shuman. "On Top of the World" was written by Phil and appeared in the music video they recorded in Los Angeles. The track appeared on Shuman's album Set the Clock on Rock. In 1994, a 1981 live BBC recording of "All I Have to Do Is Dream," featuring Cliff Richard and Phil sharing vocals, was a UK Top-20 hit.
Phil provided backing vocals on the song "You Got Gold" from John Prine's 1991 album The Missing Years. Both the Everlys and Prine had family connections to Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, and Prine was a frequent performer at "The Everly Brother's Homecoming" concerts in Central City, Kentucky, over the years.
In 1998, the brothers recorded the song "Cold" for the concept album of Andrew Lloyd Webber and Jim Steinman's Whistle Down the Wind, and the recording was later used in stage versions as a "song on the radio."
In 1999, Don Everly and his son Edan performed a benefit show billed as "The Everly Brothers for Kentucky Flood Relief".
The brothers joined Simon & Garfunkel as the featured act in Simon & Garfunkel's "Old Friends" reunion tour of 2003 and 2004. As a tribute to the Everly Brothers, Simon & Garfunkel opened their own show and had the Everlys come out in the middle. The live album of the tour, Old Friends: Live on Stage, contains Simon & Garfunkel discussing the Everlys' influence on their career and features all four performers joining in on "Bye Bye Love" (the subsequent DVD features two extra solo performances by the Everlys). For Paul Simon, it was not the first time he had performed with his heroes, as in 1986, the Everlys sang background vocals on the title track of Simon's album Graceland.
In 2004, a compilation titled Country Classics was released, consisting of tracks recorded in 1972 and 1985.
In 2006, Phil Everly sang a duet, "Sweet Little Corrina," with country singer Vince Gill on his album These Days. He previously supplied harmony vocals on J. D. Souther's "White Rhythm and Blues" on his 1979 album You're Only Lonely.
Phil Everly's death
On January 3, 2014, Phil Everly died at Providence Saint Joseph Medical Center in Burbank, California, just sixteen days prior to his 75th birthday. The cause of death was attributed to complications from chronic lung disease, brought on by a lifetime of smoking.Unterberger, Richie. "Biography of The Everly Brothers". AllMusic Guide. Retrieved September 20, 2009. "Ancestry of the Everly Brothers". Wargs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-05. Jerry Bledsoe. "Ike and Margaret Everly Don't Like Doing Nothing." Greensboro (NC) Daily News, November 29, 1971, p. B1. Henderson, O. Kay (January 5, 2014). "Shenandoah’s Phil Everly, of Everly Brothers fame, dead at 74". Radio Iowa. Retrieved 19 January 2014. "Everly Brothers Back Home Before 2,100." Waterloo (IA) Daily Courier, February 9, 1958, p. 14. Cite error: The named reference NYTPareles was invoked but never defined (see the help page). "Rock-a-Billy Everly Boys." Blytheville (AR) Courier-News, July 31, 1957, p. 8. Loder, Kurt (May 8, 1986). "The Rolling Stone Interview: The Everly Brothers". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 29 May 2014. John Larson, "The Everly Brothers Now Want to Act," Boston Globe, December 25, 1960, p. 14. "Everly Brothers Surprised." Richmond (VA) Times-Dispatch, July 5, 1970, p. H8. Lazell, Barry ed., with Dafydd Rees and Luke Crampton, ‘’Rock Movers & Shakers,’’ Billboard Publications, New York, 1989 p. 171 Alan Frazer, "The Everly Saga, $$." Boston Sunday Advertiser, July 23, 1961, p. 22. Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 9 – Tennessee Firebird: American country music before and after Elvis. [Part 1]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. Digital.library.unt.edu. Whitburn, Joel, The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, Billboard Books, NY 1992 p. 165. Norman, Philip (1996). Buddy Holly: The Definitive Biography of Buddy Holly. London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-306-80715-7. Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 88. CN 5585. Natalie Best. "Rock 'n' Roll Marine Weds With Brother As Best Man." San Diego Union, February 14, 1962, p. B1. George Varga. Everly Brothers Served at Camp Pendleton." San Diego Union-Tribune, January 6, 2014.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdaX7LG67to The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (Simon & Schuster, 2001) "Don Everly Ill, Taken to Hospital," San Diego Union, October 15, 1962, p. 8. "Singer Don Everly Flies to N.Y. Hospital." Boston Traveler, October 16, 1962, p. 54. "Roots The Everly Brothers". Allmusic.com. "Everly Brothers Return." Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 5, 1970, p. 29E. Marilyn and Hy Gardner, "Everly Brothers Too Close for Too Long." Springfield (MA) Union, August 24, 1973, p. 27. "The Everly Brothers Biography". Rolling Stone. 2001. Retrieved 18 January 2014. "The 10 Messiest Band Breakups: The Everly Brothers". Rolling Stone. February 14, 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014. Ed Blanche, "Everly Laid Back." Springfield (MA) Union, June 21, 1977, p. 26. album liner notes "Everly Brothers @ Art + Culture". Artandculture.com. Retrieved 2013-12-03. "Cable Concert Appearance Reunites the Everly Brothers." Newark (NJ) Star-Ledger, January 6, 1984, p. 38. "EB 84 - The Everly Brothers | Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-01-05. "All I Have to Do Is Dream (single)" (Media notes). Cliff Richard with Phil Everly. United Kingdom: EMI. 1994. Review by Thom Jurek (2006-10-17). "These Days - Vince Gill | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-12-03. Botelho, Greg; Todd Leopold (January 4, 2014). "Singer Phil Everly -- half of legendary Everly Brothers -- dies". CNN. Retrieved 28 May 2014. BBC (2014-01-04). "US Musician Phil Everly dies aged 74". BBC. Retrieved 2014-01-04. Saul, Heather (4 January 2014). "Phil Everly dead: World mourns younger of US rock and roll duo The Everly Brothers". The Independent. Retrieved 4 January 2014. Lewis, Randy (January 4, 2014). "Half of rock vocal duo the Everly Brothers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
Style and influences
Don and Phil Everly, both guitarists, used vocal harmony mostly based on diatonic thirds. With this, each line can often stand on its own as a melody line. This is in contrast to classic harmony lines which, while working well alongside the melody, are not as melodic by themselves.
On most of their recordings, Don sings the baritone part and Phil the tenor part. One exception is on "Devoted to You". Although Don is still low and Phil high, they switch lead and harmony back and forth. Don typically sings any lines that are sung solo (for example, the verses of "Bye Bye Love"); among the very few exceptions to this rule is the 1965 single "It's All Over", where Phil sings the song's solo lines.
In the late 1950s, the Everly Brothers were the rock 'n' roll youth movement's addition to close harmony vocal groups of which many were family bands. The duo's harmony singing had a strong influence on rock groups of the 1960s. The Beatles, the Beach Boys and Simon & Garfunkel developed their early singing styles by performing Everly covers. The Bee Gees, the Hollies and other rock'n'roll groups that feature harmony singing were also influenced by the Everlys."Phil Everly of the Everly Brothers, Dead at 74". San Antonio Current. Retrieved January 10, 2014. "An appreciation of Phil Everly and the Everly Brothers". World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved January 10, 2014. MacDonald, Ian (1997). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties. Random House. ISBN 0-7126-6697-4. p.293. Granata, Charles L. (2003). I Just Wasn't Made for These Times: Brian Wilson and the Making of Pet Sounds. MQ Publications. ISBN 1-903318-57-2. pp. 35–36. Simon, Paul (April 20, 2011). "100 Greatest Artists: 33. The Everly Brothers". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
The music of the Everly Brothers is acknowledged to have influenced many successful musicians, including the Beatles, who famously once referred to themselves as "the English Everly Brothers" (when Paul and John went hitch-hiking down south to win a talent competition) and based the vocal arrangement of "Please Please Me" upon "Cathy's Clown". Keith Richards called Don Everly "one of the finest rhythm players". Singer-songwriter Paul Simon, who worked with the pair on his hit "Graceland", said in an email the day after Phil's death: "Phil and Don were the most beautiful sounding duo I ever heard. Both voices pristine and soulful. The Everlys were there at the crossroads of country and R&B. They witnessed and were part of the birth of rock and roll."
The Everly Brothers had 35 Billboard Top-100 singles, 26 in the top 40. They hold the record for the most Top-100 singles by any duo, and trail only Hall & Oates for the most Top-40 singles by a duo. In the UK, they had 30 chart singles, 29 in the top 40, 13 top 10 and 4 at No. 1 between 1957 and 1984. They had 12 top-40 albums between 1960 and 2009.
In 1986, the Everly Brothers were among the first 10 artists inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. During the ceremony, they were introduced by Neil Young, who observed that every musical group he belonged to had tried and failed to copy the Everly Brothers' harmonies. That year on July 5, the Everlys returned to their boyhood home of Shenandoah to a crowd of 8,500 for a concert, parade, street dedication, class reunion and other activities. Concert fees were donated to the Everly Family Scholarship Fund which gives scholarships to middle and high school students in Shenandoah every year.
In 1997 the brothers were awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In addition, they were inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2001 and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2004. Their pioneering contribution to the genre has been recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. The Everly Brothers have a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 7000 Hollywood Blvd. In 2004, Rolling Stone Magazine ranked the Everly Brothers No. 33 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Times. They are also No. 43 on the list of UK Best selling singles artists of all time.
They were also songwriters, penning "Till I Kissed You" (Don), "Cathy's Clown" (Don and Phil), and "When Will I Be Loved" (Phil). "Cathy's Clown" and "When Will I Be Loved" later became hits for Reba McEntire and Linda Ronstadt, respectively; (for the latter, the Everly Brothers sang the chorus). Also, the Norwegian band a-ha covered "Crying In The Rain" in 1990 for its fourth album, East of The Sun, West of The Moon.
On Labor Day Weekend 1988, Central City Kentucky began the Everly Brothers Homecoming event to raise money for a scholarship fund for Muhlenberg County students. The homecoming became a popular annual event for fourteen years, ending in 2002. Don and Phil toured the United Kingdom in 2005 and Phil appeared in 2007 on recordings with Vince Gill and Bill Medley. Also in 2007, country singer Alison Krauss and former Led Zeppelin frontman Robert Plant released Raising Sand which included a cover of the 1964 hit single, "Gone, Gone, Gone" produced by T-Bone Burnett.
Three Everly Brothers tribute records were released in 2013: Billie Joe Armstrong and Norah Jones' Foreverly, the Chapin Sisters' A Date with the Everly Brothers and Bonnie Prince Billy and Dawn McCarthy's What the Brothers Sang.Cite error: The named reference PhilDeathIndependent was invoked but never defined (see the help page). Leach, Sam (1965). "Birth of the Beatles". 16 Scoop: Beatles, Complete Story from Birth to now published by 16 Magazine: 11. MacDonald, Ian (1997). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties. Random House. ISBN 0-7126-6697-4. p. 55. Richards/James Fox, (2010). Life. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-03438-8. p. 242. Pareles, Jon (4 January 2014). "Phil Everly, Half of a Pioneer Rock Duo That Inspired Generations, Dies at 74". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2014. "The Everly Brothers – Inductees – The Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation". Vocal group. Retrieved 2013-12-03. "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2013-12-03. MacDonald, Ian (1997). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties. Random House. ISBN 0-7126-6697-4. p.101. "foreverly". Billie Joe and Norah. Retrieved 2013-12-03. "Singing Sisters Reconsider the Everly Brothers". NPR. Retrieved 2014-01-04. Reed, James (January 11, 2014). "The music of the Everly Brothers endures and thrives". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2 June 2014.